The Virginia Gazette. Number 1245, June 17, 1775

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The Virginia Gazette. Number 1245, June 17, 1775



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JUNE 17, 1775 NUMBER 1245.




ALL Persons may be supplied with this Paper at 12s6 a Year, and have advertisements (of a moderate Length) inserted for 3s.the
first Week after.----Printing Work done at this Office in the neatest Manner, with Care and Expedition.

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THE learned Lord (Lord Camden) having
thus touched on the injustice of the act,
and the <impracticality of conquest,
essayed to convince his noble auditory
that it was wholly unnecessary; for, ad-
mitted the conquest certain, could we
spare men and money sufficient for the
maintenance of the colonies as so many
subjugated provinces? Were there no
appearances of a rupture with France
and Spain? Foreign wars had been
cautiously avoided; was a war with our colonies more justifiable
on the principles of necessity? If this opinion of the Ministry
was to be collected from their measures, the precipitation with
which they entered into a war with America, would lead a nice
observer to conclude that they thought it highly necessary. On the
side of Administraiton, not the smallest tendency to conciliatory
measures had appeared. A noble Lord, in the other House, did
but make a motion which carried the appearance of such inten-
tions, and his troops were thrown into the utmost confusion; they
were determined that an iota should be yielded. An illustrious
personage, whose abilities were shining testimonies of the benefi-
cence of proyidence to some peculiar favourites, a man to whom
this country owed perhaps her existence, at any rate her great-
ness, and that pride of conquest (which now had precipitated her
into wicked contentions for dominion) this great personage, after
spending much time, thought, and deliberation, to form a plan
that might happily reconcile the jarring interests of both countries,
had proposed a bill which was not suffered to lay four and twenty
hours on the table for consideration. The learned Lord only
mentioned the circumstance, that the record of that day’s debate
might be expunged from the journals, and that history might give
the lie to such an infamous transaction, if ever malice should trans-
mit it to posterity.

Thus much for conciliatory plans, which were rejected as
wholly incompatible with the complexional cast of the present
measures. The learned Lord concluding therefore that war was
determined on, closed his address in the following words: “As
an Englishman I cannot wish harm to my native country; but I
wish most fervently that the Americans may preserve their liberty.”

Lord Sandwich, in reply, observed, that the facts which the
evidence had been called to prove were simply these: That three
seamen were bred every year by the British Newfound-
land fishery; that, consequently, in ten years, thirty thousand
seamen were added to the maritime strength of this country; that
this was an object of vast consequence, and if the New England
fishery produced hardly any seamen it was too much to sacrifice
the maritime strength of England to a people who had committed
every outrage against the sovereign authority of this country.

The noble Lord alledged, that it was illiberal to cavil at the
evidence; Mr. Lister was a merchant of considerable consequence,
and great respectability.

With regard to the impracticality of conquering America,
the noble Lord who spoke last could not be serious when he ques-
tioned the power of Great-Britain in this respect; so far from the
inferiority of numbers, being any obstruction to success of the
English troops, the contrary was the real fact, inferiority of num-
bers, however paradoxical it might seem, would accelerate suc-
cess; there was a prodigious difference between disciplined troops
and a multitudinous rabble; if matters should be pushed to ex-
tremity, the noble Lord, for his part, would wish, that one hun-<
hundred thousand
Americans should take the field, in preference to
twenty thousand; the reason was this; troops must have subsistence,
the greater number of troops, therefore, the greater will be the
difficulty of procuring sustenance, and consequently the country
people will suffer great distress, which will soon lead them to
seek that protection from a legal government, which they fail to
experience from anarchy and civil discord; thus the Americans
would conquer themselves by eating up their country.

But was this not likely to be the case, the noble Lord had no
sort of opinion of the bravery of the Americans; he thought them
mere blusterers, who felt bold only in proportion as danger was
at a distance, and when it approached would lay down their arms,
or broom sticks, and run away. At the siege of Lousibourg a
party of these brave Americans were employed, they talked of the
wondrous feats they would perform, and compared themselves
to Romans; but finding the place likely to make resistance, these
Romans, very courageously, ran away. And thus they would do
on every occasion if real danger approached, when, at a distance,
they would bluster, resolve, write, protest, and look big.

With respect to taxation, the learned Lord who spoke last had
cavilled at the person, who thought “taxation no tyranny.”
Lord Sandwich confessed he thought it no tyranny; “for, if it
was a tyranny, the English were the most tyrannized over of any
people under Heaven, for they were the most heavily taxed.”

Lord Shelburne combated the bill thus. If it was meant as a
bill>to regulate the fishery, Parliamentary aid was totally unneces-
sary, the official powers annexed to the Admiralty department
were quite sufficient; if the bill was no meant as a commercial
regulation, it was foreign to the purpose to talk of the advantages
that would accrue to the British Newfoundland fishery. When-
ever the regulations of this or any other branch of commerce
should come before that House, there was no doubt but that at-
tention would be paid which the magnitude of the object required,
but the noble Lord recollected a writer who compared the intricate
mazes and meanderings of commerce to the multiplicity of almost
imperceptible fibers, with which the body of man abounded.
The circuitous course of trade it was impossible to trace through
the several channels, it eluded the ken of the human intellect as


the finer fibres of the body defeated the explorations of the human
fight; it required, therefore, the most accurate attention to obtain
even a superficial knowledge of the one, the most diligent inspec-
tion to be tolerably conversant in the other.

With respect to the supposed advantages derivable from the
British fishery, the noble Lord was not inclinable to attribute
those advantages so much to the fishery, considered as a branch
of commerce in the abstract, as to certain practices adopted by
the persons concerned in the fisher, with which Sir Hugh
Palliser was intimately acquainted, thought it would been
highly indelicate to have pressed him on the subject.

The noble Earl paid the highest compliments to Sir Hugh
Palliser, both as a commander and a most skilful navigator; in
the latter capacity the noble Earl had tried him, during the time
he had the honour to bear a part in the administration of this
country. Sir Hugh had foiled de Guerchy in so many points,
that the Frenchman had described him to be “dur comme mi Lord

The noble Earl expressed his surprise that so much attention
should now be paid to the Newfoundland fishery. Was it a
greater object than at the time of passing the Canada bill? For
by that bill the territories of Newfoundland were infringed, yet
such infringement was not urged as the least objection to that bill.
That the Newfoundland fishery merited the attention of Government
was certain for it was an object on which the Councils in King
Williams’s time employed their attention; and even so early as
Charles II. The measures of that Prince were execrated, because
they were fraught with such pernicious policy as to permit the
French to share in the Newfoundland fishery. The regulations,
therefore, of this fishery being in the Admiralty department, the
present act was superfluous; but, if it was designed to coerce the
Americans, time would discover whether the tide of popularity
ran against the favorers or opposers of that, and other acts of a
similar complexion.

Lord Suffolk in favour of the bill said, it was not meant entirely
to deprive the New Englanders of their fishery; for the faith of
Parliament would be pledged to restore the fishery the instant it
should appear that the Americans had returned to their obedience.

Lord Radnor declared that he had never yet been able to make
up his mind on the affairs of America, so as to give his vote on
either side of the question; but what had fell from the last noble
Lord had determined him to give his voice against the bill. For,
if the Newfoundland fishery was a most valuable branch of com-
merce to this nation, he could not be persuaded to pledge his
faith, as a Lord of Parliament, for the surrender of that trade to
the Americans.

The Duke of Grafton, in reply to whet fell from Lord Camden,
said, it could not be epected that Lord Chatham’s conciliatory
bill should pass the House, as it struck, at the repeal of no less than
nine acts of Parliament, some of which were money bills. His
Grace avowed himself the same strenuous friend of America,
however appearances might be against him. He wished to see the
period when the taxation of America would be dispensed with,
as an amplitude of taxes included int her purchase of English

Lord Abington said, that reason, justice, conscience, principle,
and instinct all promoted him to pronounce the bill a most infer-
nal and diabolic measure. How the Right Reverent Bench re-
consoled it to their consciences, he was unable to conceive; for
his part, he put his trust in the Almighty, and though he knew
all he could say would avail nothing against a ministerial majority,
yet he cautioned the Lords against injustice, as in the judicial visi-
tation of Providence it generally fell heavy on the heads of those
who planned iniquity.

This closed the debate, and on a division the numbers stood thus,
for the bill 104, against the bill 29.

His Excellency Governor Colden’s answer to
the address published in our last.

I HAVE the best authority to assure you, that our most gracious
Sovereign, and both Houses of Parliament have declared their
readiness to afford every just and reasonable indulgence to the co-
lonies, whenever they should make a proper application, on the
ground of any real grievances they may have to complain of.
This declaration has been followed by a resolution of the House of
Commons, which it was expected would have manifested the ju-
stice and moderation of Parliament, and a disposition to comply
with every wish of the subjects in America/ They offer to forbear
every kind of taxation or assessment on America, except such as
are necessary for the regulation of commerce; and only require
that the colonies should make provision, by such ways and means
as are best suited to their respective circumstances, for contributing
a proportion to the common defence of the empire, and for the
support of their own civil government and the administration of
justice. His Majesty’s Ministers did not doubt this temper in
Parliament would meet with such a return on the part of the co-
lonies, as would lead to a happy issue of the present disputes, and
to a re-establishment of the public tranquility, on grounds of equi-
ty, justice, and moderation. Is it not then to be lamented as the
most unfortunate event, that the patience of the people was ex-
hausted at the moment of this prospect of a peaceable and happy
accomplishment of all their wishes? Will not those in whom they
now confide, yet endeavour to obtain it? Must this country, till
now happy and flourishing beyond parallel, be involved in the
dreadful calamities ever attendant on civil war, while there remains
one possible means, untried, by which so great, so cruel an evil
might be averted! You tell me, Gentlemen, that the people have
lost all confidence in the ordinary officers of Government, and

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that they have cast their eyes upon you for advice and direction.
I cannot divest myself of the most affectionate concern for the wel-
fare, the peace, and the prosperity of the people over whom I have
so long presided as the immediate representative of their august So-
vereign, with whom I have lived the term of a long life, and -a
mong whom I leave all that is dear and valuable to me. I am
impelled by my duty, and a most zealous attachment to the inte-
rest and safety of this people, to exhort you not to irritate the pre-
sent enraged state of their minds, nor suffer them to plunge into
labyrinths, from whence they can neither advance nor retreat, but
through blood and desolation.

His Majesty’s Ministers have, in the strongest terms, expressed
the satisfaction with which the King received the assurance of the
loyalty and affection of his faithful subjects in this government,
and of their ardent desire for a permanent reconciliation with the
mother country. I cannot then conceive upon what grounds a
suspicion is entertained, that the city of New York is to be reduced
to the present situation of Boston. I have not had the least inti-
mation that any regular troops were destined for this province. It
is proper that General Gage should know your sentiments on this
subject, and I shall embrace the first opportunity of communicating
your request to him. At the same time, I think there is reason to
suspect that this report has been invented to facilitate the introduc-
tion of an armed force from Connecticut, which I am told is
mediated. Will not the apprehension of such a design rouse you,
Gentlemen, and every virtuous citizen, to avert, by every means
in our power, a measure so degrading, so dangerous to the ho-
nour, the safety, and freedom of this colony.

I have beheld with inexpressible anxiety the state of tumult and
disorder which raged in the metropolis of this province; and I am
sorry that a recent instance since your appointment, revives the
threatening prospect of insecurity to which the inhabitants are re-
duced. I exhort you to carry into effect the assurances you
give me, that you are determined to improve that confidence with
which the people have honoured you, in strengthening the hands
of the civil magistrates. Let this be done immediately, and with
impartial firmness on every occasion, that the houses, persons,
and property of your fellow citizens may not be attacked and in-
sulted with impunity, and every degree of domestic security and
happiness sapped to the foundation.
May 13, 1775.

LONDON, March, 1775.
The following address has been sent to Ireland for publication, and
should be published in all the American papers,


YOU are about to embark for America, to compel your
fellow subjects there to submit to POPERY and SLAVERY.
It is the glory of the British soldier, that he is the defender,
not the destroyer of the civil and religious rights of the people.
The English soldiery are immortalized in history for their attach-
ment to the religion and liberties of their country.

When King James II endeavoured to introduce the Roman
Catholic religion and arbitrary power in Great Britain, he had an
army encamped on Hounslow Heath, to terrify the people.
Seven Bishops were seized upon, and sent to the Tower. But
they appealed to the laws of their country, and were set at liberty.
When this news reached the camp, the shouts of joy were so great,
that they re-echoed in the Royal Palace. This, however, did
not quite convince the King, of the aversion of the soldiers to be
the instruments of oppression against their fellow subjects. He
therefore made another trial. He ordered the guards to be drawn
up, and the word was given, that those who did not choose to support
the King’s measures should ground their arms. When, behold,
to his utter confusion, and l to their internal honour, the whole body
grounded their arms.

You, Gentlemen, will soon have an opportunity of shewing
equal virtue. You will be called upon to imbrue your hands in
the blood of your fellow subjects in America, because they will
not submit to be slaves, and are alarmed at the establishment of
Popery and arbitrary power in one half of their country.

Whether you will draw those swords which have defended
them against their enemies to butcher them into a resignation of
their rights, which they hold as the sons of Englishmen, is in
your breasts. That you will not stain the laurels you have gained
from France, by dipping them in civil blood, is every good man’s

Arts will no doubt be used to persuade you, that it is your duty
to obey orders, and that you are sent upon the just and righteous
errand of crushing rebellion. But your own hearts will tell you,
that the people may be so ill treated, as to make resistance necessary.
You know, that violence and injury offered from one man to
another, has always some pretence of right and reason to justify it.
So it is between the people and their rulers.

Therefore, whatever hard names and accusations may be be-
stowed upon our fellow subjects in America, be assured that they
have not delivered them; but are driven, by the most cruel treat-
ment, into despair. In this despair they are compelled to defend
their liberties, after having tried, in vain, every practicable means
of obtaining redress of their manifold grievances.

Before God and man they are right.

Your honour then, Gentlemen, as soldiers, and your huma-
nity as men, forbid you to be the instruments of forcing chains
upon your injured and oppressed fellow subjects. Remember that
your first obedience is due to God, and that whoever bids you
shed innocent blood, bids you act contrary to his commandment.
I am, Gentlemen, yours, &c.

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LONDON, April 3.
WE learn from America, that notwithstanding the vigilance
of the King’s cruisers, a Dutch ship has gained a port to
the northward of Louisburg, and hath landed 16.000 stand of
arms, with a proportion of powder, &c. and that the Americans
are in possession of them, and in high spirits on the acquisition.

Last week a remittance was made from Copenhagen to the Bank
of 12,000l. for the use of the Queen of Denmark. The allow-
ance is always sent here, from whence it is remitted to Zell, ac-
cording to agreement, and is punctually paid half yearly.

A private letter has been received at the Admiralty office within
these few days, by the way of Holland, from Seville, which
brought information that 8 Spanish ships of war were at one of the
Spanish ports, fully fitted out, and waiting for orders.

A man of war is just arrived express from Gibraltar, with the
news of Mr. Frazer’s losing his head at Algiers, the Dey having
caused it to be struck off. The Dey always assured Government
that Mr. Frazer was so obnoxious to the Mahometans, that he
could not answer for any consequences if they still persisted in his

April 12. Lord North made a new motion in the House of
Commons yesterday, which has a very popoular aspect. His
Lordship moved, “that this House do resolve itself into a commit-
tee of the whole House on Thursday fortnight, to consider of the
encouragements proper to be given to the fisheries from Great
Britain and Ireland.” The motion being seconded, Mr. Burke
rose, and expressed his satisfaction at hearing a proposition from
the noble Lord in favour of Ireland, but he hoped it was not to
be the effect of resentment towards America, or that Ireland was
to acquire any advantage on the foundation of oppressing the
colonies; he likewise hoped that our commercial policy would
proceed upon general, impartial, permanent principles. Sir
William Mayne gave his opinion in favour of the motion; and
Mr. Thomas Townshend, in a spirited manner, expatiated on the
narrow principles of policy, which had prevailed for many years
in our commercial regulations with respect to Ireland, and he
hoped the House would now have and opportunity to consider tho-
roughly the state of that kingdom, and to act upon a more liberal
plan, by enquiring what branches of trade were deprived of
which they might enjoy without detriment to Great Britain.
These candid hints called up Mr. Conolly, who, in a decent,
respectful manner, mentioned the constant loyalty, and dutiful
submission of Ireland (his native country) to England; he then
mentioned the burthens it had cheerfully borne; the augmentation
of its standing army at the request of this country, and the weight
of enourmous pensions on its revenues; after which he mentioned
some branches of commerce, particularly the woolen trade to
Turkey, which had absolutely been lost to England, through her
jealousy to Ireland. This turn of the debate gave occasion for
Mr. Burke to propose an amendment to Lord North’s motion,
by adding the word trade; but Lord North very justly objected
to an amendment which would introduce such an extensive variety
of matter, and said, that for the present it was only meant, from
hints that had been thrown out in the course of the American de-
bates, to see what advantages could be given to Great Britain and
Ireland, by proper encouragements to the fisheries, not on a prin-
ciple of resentment for the behaviour of the Americans, but on the
general principal of promoting the commerce of Great Britain and
Ireland; the question on the original motion being then put, it
passed in the affirmative.

The House afterwards went into a committee on the motion for
bringing in a bill to continue the act for obliging the East India
Company to export a certain quality of our woollen manufacto-
ries to their settlements abroad annually; after a short debate it
passed in the affirmative 156 to 19, and was reported upon the
Speaker’s resuming the Chair.

A Spanish frigate has just returned from an expedition, begun in
1773, in order to reconnoitre the American coasts to the highest
latitude possible. She reports, having discovered an Indian coast,
at the height of 55 degrees, 44 minutes. The inhabitants of which
(who are white) approached in 30 canoes, and gave them, in ex-
change of clothes, a kind of knit covering, such as they wore
themselves. Some of these have been sent to the King, and being
curiously made of fine wool, much speculation has arisen how
they came by it, as sheep are not natives of that climate. They
discovered another coast in 49 degrees, and treated with the natives,
who were naked. The success of this first Spanish expedition will
soon set others on foot.

Capt. Crammond, of the artillery, is appointed aid de camp to
Major General Clinton, on the American expedition.

The Lords of the Admiralty have put his Majesty’s sloop Sene-
gal into commission, the command of which is given to Capt.
Luddington; she is destined for the North American station.

The 22d, 40th, and 45th regiments of foot, that are to embark
at Cork for North American, are to be landed at New York.

Lord Rowden, who arrived from Ireland a few days since,
has been presented to his Majesty at St. James’s, being introduced
by Lord Barrington, and kissed his Majesty’s hand on his promo-
tion in the guards, and in a few days will set out to join his regi-
ment at Boston.

A petition has been presented from the merchants and traders at
and near Haddersfield, to the House of Commons, praying that
the House will support the lawful authority of this kingdom over
the Americans.
At the Court of St. James’s the 5th day of April, 1775, present,
KING’S Most Excellent Majesty in Council.

Whereas the time limited by his Majesty’s order in Council of
the 19th of October last, for prohibiting the exporting out of this
kingdom, or carrying coastwise, gunpowder, or any sorts of
arms or ammunition, will; expire upon the 19th of April: And
whereas it is judged expedient that the said prohibition should be
continued for some time longer, his Majesty doth therefore, by
and with the advice of his Privy Council, hereby command, that
no person or persons whatsoever (except the Master General, Lieu-
tenant General, or principal officers of the ordnance, for his Ma-
jesty’s service) do, at any time during six months, to commence
from the said 10th instant, presume to transport, into any parts
out of this Kingdom, or carry coastwise, any gunpowder, or any
sort of arms or ammunition on board any shop or vessel, in order to
transport the same into any parts beyond the seas, or carrying
the same coastwise, without leave or permission first obtained from
his Majesty, or his Privy Council, upon pain of incurring and
suffering the respective forfeitures and penalties inflicted by an act
passed the 19th year of his late Majesty’s reign, entitled, “An
”act to impower his Majesty to prohibit the exportation of salt-
”petre, &c.”

To the KING’S Most Excellent Majesty.
The humble address, petition, and remonstrance for the Lord
Mayor, Aldermen, and Livery of the city of LONDON, in
Common Hall assembled.

Most gracious Sovereign,
WE your Majesty’s dutiful and loyal subjects, the Lord
Mayor, Aldermen, and Livery of the city of London,
beg leave to approach the Throne, and to declare our abhorrence
of the measures which have been pursued, and are now pursuing,
to the oppression of our fellow subjects in America. These mea-
sures are big with all the consequences which can alarm a free and
commercial people: A deep, and perhaps fatal wound to com-
merce; the ruin of manufactures, the diminution of the revenue,
and consequent increase of taxes; the alienation of the colonies,
and the blood of your Majesty’s subjects.

But your petitioners look with less horror at the consequences,
than at the purpose of those measures; not deceived by the specious
artifice of calling despotism
dignity, they plainly perceive that the
real purpose is to establish arbitrary power over all America.

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Your petitioners conceive the liberties of the whole to be inevi-
tably connected with those of every part of an empire, founded in
the common rights of mankind; they cannot therefore observe,
without the greatest concern and alarm, the constitution funda-
mentally violated, in any part of your Majesty’s dominions.
They esteem it to be an essential, unalterable principle of liberty,
the source and security of all constitutional rights, that no part of
the dominion can be taxed without being represented. Upon this
great leading principle they most ardently wish to see their fellow
subjects in America secured in what their humble petition to your
Majesty prays for peace, liberty, and safety. Subordination in
commerce, under which the colonies have always cheerfully acqui-
esed, is, they conceive, all that this country ought in justice to
require. From this subordination such advantages flow, by all
the profits of their commerce centering here, as fully compensates
this nation for the expence we incur, to which they also contribute
in men and money, for the defence and protection, during a
general war; and in their provincial wars they have manifested
their readiness and resolution to defend themselves. To require
more of them would, for this reason derogate from the justice
and magnanimity which have been hitherto the pride and character
of this country.

It is, therefore, with the deepest concern, that we have seen the
sacred security of representation in their Assemblies wrested from
them; the trial by jury abolished; the odious powers of excise
extended to all the cases of revenue; the sanctuary of their houses
laid open to violation, at the will and pleasure of every officer
and servant in the Customs; the dispensation of justice corrupted,
by rendering their judges dependent for their seats and salaries on
the will of the crown; liberty and life rendered precarious, by
subjecting them to be dragged over the ocean, and tried for treason
or felony here, where the distance making it impossible for the
most guiltless to maintain his innocence,, must deliver him up a
victim to Ministerial vengeance; soldiers and others in America
have been instigated to shed the blood of the people, by establish-
ing a mode of trial which holds out impunity for such murder;
the capital of New England has been punished with unexampled
rigour, untried and unheard, involving the innocent, and suspected
in one common and inhuman capacity; chartered rights have been
taken away without any forfeiture proved in order to deprive the
people of every legal exertion against the tyranny of their rules;
the habeas corpus act and trial by jury have been suppressed, and
French despotic government, with the Roman Catholic religion,
have been established by law over an extensive part of your Majesty’s
dominions in America; dutiful petitions for redress of their grie-
vances, from all your Majesty’s American subjects have been
fruitless. To fill up the measure of these Oppressions, an army
has been sent to enforce them.

Superadded to this, measures are now planned upon the most
merciless policy of starving our fellow subjects into a total surren-
der of their liberties, and an unlimited submission to arbitrary

Their grievances have driven your Majesty’s faithful subjects to
despair, and obliged them to have recourse to that resistance which
is justified by the great principle of the constitution, actuated by
which, at the glorious period of the revolution, our ancestors
transferred the Imperial Crown of these realms, from the Popish
and tyrannical race of the Stewarts, to the illustrious and protestant
House of Brunswick.

Your petitioners are persuaded, that these measure originate in
the secret advice of men who are enemies equally to your Majesty’s
title, and the liberties of your people; that your Majesty’s Ministers
carry them into execution by the same wicked and fatal corruption,
which has enabled them to wound the peace and violate the con-
stitution of this country.. This is poisoning the fountain of public
security and rendering that body, which should be the guardian
of liberty, a formidable instrument of arbitrary power,

Your petitioners do therefore most earnestly beseech your Majesty
to dismiss immediately, and for ever, from your councils, these
Ministers and advisers, as the first step towards a full redress of
those grievances which alarm and afflict your people.

So shall peace and commerce be restored, and the confidence and
affection of all your Majesty’s subjects be the solid supporters of
your Throne.

His MAJESTY’s Answer.
IT is with the utmost astonishment that I find any of my subjects capa-
ble of encouraging the rebellious disposition which unhappily exists
in some of my colonies in North America. Having entire confidence
in the wisdom of my Parliament, the great Council of the nation, I
will steadily pursue those measures which they have recommended for
the support of the constitutional rights of Great Britain, and the pro-
teciton of the commercial interests of my kingdoms.

BOSTON,June 1/
Extract of a letter from PAISLEY, dated April 3.

TRADE in general is very good at present, but the muslin
and silk gauze branch is exceedingly so, the orders from
Russia this season are much larger than possibly can be answered,
which raised the price from 7 to 12 per cent. Above the usual rates.

Extract of a letter from GLASCOW, of the same date.

”The British Parliament are still as high as ever in their de-
mands on the Americans, and seem determined to enforce obe-
dience to their laws. We wish these differences may be peaceably
settled with honourable conditions for both parties. When
that agreeable event happens we shall be glad of your favours.”

Extract of another letter from GLASGOW, dated April 4.

”Notwithstanding our port’s being shut, we have now greater
demand for all kinds of Scotch manufactures, than what has been
for several years past; they chiefly go to the London markets.”

We hear that the Scotch brigades, in the Dutch service, con-
sisting of about 5000 men, are to be employed in America.

His Excellency Joseph Wanton, Esq; Governor of Rhode
Island, is deposed from his government by the General Assembly
of that province, for refusing his assent to an act for raising 1500
men that were to be employed to assist the colonies in their justify-
able opposition to the parent state.

An act for laying an embargo on all kinds of provisions hath
been passed by the General Assembly of Rhode Island.

The Provincial Congress of New Hampshire have voted to raise
2000 men,

THE week before last the Falcon sloop of war, was cruising
about Cape Cod, and meeting with a wood sloop, in bal-
last, seized her, but promising the skipper to release him and his
vessel if he would give information of any vessel that was just ar-
rived from the West Indies with a cargo on board; he at length
told the Captain of the Falcon that there was a sloop at Dartmouth;
instead of releasing the wood sloop, armed and manned her, and
sent her in search of the West Indiaman. They found the vessel,
lying at anchor, but her cargo was landed; however, they seized
her and carried her off, after putting part of their crew, and some
guns and ammunition, on board. Notice of this getting on
shore, the people fitted out a third sloop, with about 30 men and
2 swivel guns, and went in pursuit of these royal pirates, whom
they came up with at Martha’s vineyard, where they lay at anchor
at about a leagues distance from each other. The first surrendered
without firing a gun; our people, after putting a number of hands
on board, bore down upon the other, which by this time had got
under sail, but the people in the Dartmouth sloop coming up with
her, the pirates fired upon them; the fire was immediately re-
turned, by which three of the pirates were wounded, among whom,
was the commanding officer; our people boarded her immediately,
and having taken both sloops, carried them into Dartmouth, and
sent the prisoners to Cambridge, from thence nine of them were
yesterday brought to this town.

Column 3

NEW YORK, June 1.
IT is reported that the forces destined for Boston, New York,
&amp.c. will not be sent off before the 8th of June, in expectation
of the good effects of Lord North’s conciliating plan. What in
-fatuation! To imagine such a scheme would be productive of any
thing but disgust and contempt.

From South Carolina, we hear they are about to raise a naval
force, in defence of our common rights.
The following account is given by a Gentleman of veracity, lately
arrived from Boston.

ON or about the 20th ult. General Gage ordered 200 soldiers,
armed, to proceed in two boats, with swivels, to Grape island,
near Weymouth Beach, to take possession of some hay and cattle.
The country being alarmed, three or four hundred provincials
collected, and having only one boat, which contained 40 men,
they landed on said island, and drove off the regulars, who being
much discontented, ran their boats on the flats, where they re-
mained four hours, all which time the provincials continued their
fire; the boats then floating, the regulars returned to Boston,
with the loss of eight men killed, and several wounded, as the
provincials were informed by a Gentleman that left Boston the
next day. The provincials being masters of the island, burnt 100
tons of hay, and drove off all the cattle, which were collected
there by an enemy to this country. None of the provincials were
killed or wounded.

On Sunday last arrived the snow Patty, Capt. Barry, from
Liverpool, but last from Corke, in 54 days; by whom we are in-
formed that 30 transports, with the troops on board, were to sail
for Boston the 15th of April. They were waiting for more
transports, and some men of war from England, which were
hourly expected.

We are informed from Charlestown, South Carolina, that the
inhabitants of that place had bought the large new ship Maria
Wilhelmina, lately built here, and are fitting her for the purpose
of guarding the town.

The General Assembly of South Carolina is prorogued to the
first of June, and their Provincial Congress is to meet at Charles-
town on the 20th of June.


THE last accounts from Boston say, that it is supposed the
troops arrived with the three Generals only recruit the
army to what it was before the battle of Lexington, and makes,
according to the highest account, not above 4000, who are sur-
rounded by an army of 12,000 provincials; that the General’s
army is distressed for provisions, and this, or some other cause,
has induced him to seize on the provisions of the inhabitants of the
town, as well the donations as private stock, at the same time he is
practicing every insidious art to prevent them from coming out ac-
cording to his contract, with a view, as is supposed, to keep them
as hostages for his own security; and that his distress, and some
other circumstances, it is thought, will put the provincials upon a
desperate attack. The storm seems gathering at Ticonderoga:
Governor Carleton has sent 400 men to regain that important post;
1000 Connecticut men are gone to support it, and as it is expected
both parties will continue their reinforcements, we may probably
soon hear of some warm work there.
The GOVERNOR’s answer to the joint address of the Hon. the
COUNCIL and the HOUSE of BURGESSES, in consequence of
the message which his Excellency left behind him, upon his retreat
on board the
FOWEY man of war.
Gentlemen of the
COUNCIL, Mr. SPEAKER, and Gentlemen of the
IN answer to your joint address, presented by your deputies yes-
terday, I acquaint you, that it appears to me the commotions
among the people, and their menaces and threats (an enumera-
tion of which I forbear, out of tenderness) have been of such
public notoriety, that you must suppose many of his Majesty’s
subjects in this colony, whether they meditated or not, have at
least manifested, such an inveteracy as justifies my suspicion that
they would not hesitate to commit a crime, which, horrid and
atrocious as it is, I had just ground to apprehend, and when the
disposition which the House of Burgesses have shewn towards me,
the returns they have made to the respect and civility which I have
been forward to offer to them, the countenance they have given
to the violent and disorderly proceedings of the people, his Ma-
jesty’s magazine having been forced and rifled in the presence of
of some of the members of the House of Burgesses, and, by the
information of the committee the House appointed to inspect the
magazine, no other endeavours have been used than to prevail on
the people to return the arms taken out, but not to commit the
persons in whose possession they were found, in order that the
might be brought to the punishment due to so heinous an offence,
no less against the peace and good order of the country than the
dignity and authority of the King; when a body of men assembled
in the city of Williamsburg, not only to the knowledge, but with
the approbation of every body, for the avowed purpose of attack-
ing a party of the King’s forces, which, without the least foun-
daion, it was reported were marching to my protection, and
which, if true, ought to have been approved and aided, not op-
posed and insulted, by all good and loyal subjects; when especially
the House of Burgesses, or a committee of the House (which is the
same) has ventured upon a step fraught with the most alarming
consequences, in ordering and appointing guards, without ever
consulting me, to mount int eh city of Williamsburg, as is pre-
tended, to protect the magazine, but which may well be doubted,
as there then remained, nothing therein which required being
guarded; but if otherwise, this step nevertheless shows a design to
usurp the executive power, which, if it be persisted in, subverts
the constitution: I say, when these circumstances are duly con-
sidered, I may submit it to our own judgement whether I could rea-
sonably expect any good effect from communicating the ground of
my uneasiness to you.

But as you are pleased, Gentlemen, now to assure me, that
you will cheerfully concur in any measure that may be proposed
proper for the security of myself and family, I leave to your own
consideration whether that can be effected any otherwise than by
reinstating me in the full powers of my office, as his Majesty’s
representative, by opening the courts of justice, and restoring the
energy of the laws, which is all the security requisite for all par-
ties; by disarming all independent companies, or other bodies of
men raised and acting in defiance of lawful authority, and by
obliging those who have taken any of his Majesty’s public store of
arms to deliver them up immediately; and what is not less essent-
ial than any thing, by your own example, and every means in
your power, abolishing that spirit of persecution, which, to the
disgrace of humanity, now reigns, and pursues with menaces and
acts of oppression, all persons who differ from the multitude in
political opinion, or are attached from principles and duty to the
services of their King and government; by which means, the de-
luded people never hearing but the disfigured side of a story, their
minds are continually kept in that ferment which subject them
for ever to be imposed upon, and leads to the commission of any
desperate act, and endangers the general safely. For the more
speedy accomplishment of these ends, and the great object and
speedy accomplishment of these ends, and the great object and
necessary business of the sessions, I shall have no objection to your
adjourning to the town of York, where I will meet you, and re-
main with you till our business be finished.

With respect to your entreaty that I should return to the palace,
as the most likely means of quieting the minds of the people, I
must represent to you, that, unless there be among you a sincere
and active desire to seize this opportunity, now offered to you by
Parliament, of establishing the freedom of your country upon a
fixed and known foundation, and of uniting yourselves with your
fellow subjects of Great Britain in one common bond of interest,
and mutual assistance, my return to Williamsburg would be as

Page 3
Column 1

fruitless to the people, as, possibly, it might be dangerous to my-
self. But if your proceedings manifest that happy disposition,
which is to be desired ardently by every good friend to this as
well as the mother country, I assure you, in the warmth of my
heart, that I will return, with the greatest joy, and shall consider
it as the most fortunate event of my life if you give me an oppor-
tunity to be an instrument of promoting your happiness, and a me-
diator between you and the supreme authority, to obtain for you
every explanation of your doubts, and the fullest conviction of the
sincerity of their desire to confirm to you the undisturbed enjoy-
ment of your rights and liberty; and I shall be well pleased, by
bringing my family back again, that you should have such a
pledge of my attachment to this country, and of my wishes to cul-
tivate a close and lasting intimacy with the inhabitants.
JUNE 10, 1775. DUNMORE.

Married,---Mr. WILLIAM HARDYMAN, of Charles City,
to Miss NANCY BLACK, daughter of William Black, Esq; of
At a meeting of the HANOVER VOLUNTEER COMPANY, on
the 8th of June,
Resolved,>/em> THAT this company approve of the spirited resolu-
the 25th ult. and that they are determined at the risk of their lives,
to aid and assist in protecting the liberties of this country against
all arbitrary measures whatsoever.

Resolved, that the expedition undertaken by this company, in
making reprisals on the King’s property, for powder removed
from the country magazine, by the command of the Governor,
proceeded from a sincere attachment to the liberties of their coun-
try, and it is with heart-felt satisfaction that their conduct is so
generally approved by their worthy countrymen.
Signed by order of the company.

AT a meeting of the committee for the county of Middlesex,
on Monday the 17th of April, 1775: A complaint being
lodged against one Thomas Haddin an inhabitant of said county,
for refusing to sign the Continental Association, and reviling the
same, whereupon the committee ordered him to be summoned to
appear before them this 22nd of May, and it plainly appearing that
he had been summoned, but that he not only refused to appear,
but expressed himself in terms of the highest contempt both of the
association and committee,

Resolved, therefore, that the said Thomas Haddin be held forth
to the public as an enemy to American liberty.

Ordered, that a copy of the above be sent to the printers of the
Virginia gazette, and that they be requested to print the same.

AT a meeting of the committee for the county of Middlesex,
on the 6th of July, 1775, present ten members. It hav-
ing been reported by one John Parsons a ship-builder, that goods
to a considerable amount, contrary to the association of the Con-
tinential Congress, had been landed at Urbana, on Thursday
the 25th ult. and put into the store of Mess. James Mills and co.
the committee convened, and after inquiry, and the testimony of
a witness being first sworn, it appeared that the report had not the
least foundation. To the end therefore, that the public may not
be imposed on by such false and groundless reports, the committee
think it their duty to declare, that the Gentlemen concerned in
said store, have never, as far as they know or believe, been guilty
of the smallest breach of the association; but on the contrary,
have adhered to the same with a scrupulosity becoming friends
of American liberty.

Ordered, that a copy of the above be sent to the printers of the
Virginia gazette, and the are desired to print the same.
SAMUEL KLUG, Chairman.

To Mess. Mess. DIXON & HUNTER<
IT was with great surprise, and I must confess with a good deal
of concern, that I observed, in Mr. Purdie’s gazette of the
9th instant, an extract if a letter from London, date the 10th of
March last, which mentions “that the merchants of Glasgow,
upon the present unhappy differences subsisting betwixt Great
Britain and her American colonies, sent up a very spirited petition
to Parliament, but at the same time let Lord North know, by
their member, Lord Frederick Campbell, that they did not mean
any opposition by it, but only to get credit in America.” The
writer of this letter must have either been greatly misinformed, or
actuated by interest or resentment; for, from the most certain in-
telligence, I can assure the good people of this colony, that the
latter part of the paragraph mentioned is equally false, as it is in-
jurious to the merchants of the city of Glasgow, and the Gentle-
men with whom they are connected in this colony. NO part of
the British nation have exerted themselves with greater warmth,
and I may truly add, with greater sincerity, than the merchants
of Glasgow, for a restoration of that happy union so ardently
wished for by every true friends to America or Great Britain; and
I am fully convinced that every merchant in this colony views
with the greatest abhorrence the very idea of such villainous dis-
ingenuour, and unmanly conduct, as the writer of the above letter
charges them with.

The greatest unanimity, Gentlemen, is essentially necessary at
this period, in this, as well as every other colony in America:
Surely then our public printers should be extremely careful to pro-
mote, by their publications, an object of such importance; and
avoid, with the greatest caution and resolution, every thing that
may have a contrary effect. MERCATOR.

ON Friday the 11ty of July, will be
sold to the highest Bidder, at Hanover Town, to be en-
tered on at Christmas next, the HOUSE and LOT there belong-
ing to the Estate of Robert Paterson, deceased, and now occupied
by Mr Thomas Arbuthnot. Twelve Month Credit will be al-
lowed for one Half, and eighteen Months for the other, the Pur-
chaser giving Bond, with Security, to carry Interest from the Date
if not punctually paid. A good Title will be made by
ROBERT DONALD, Administrator.

WESTMORELAND, June 1, 1775.
I INTEND for SCOTLAND very soon, and
must therefore beg the Favour of all Persons who have had
Dealings with me, and owe Balances, to come and have Settle-
ments of them before I leave the Colony; likewise those who have
Claims against me are to desired to bring them in, and that they may be
paid off. Mr. John Middleton

will be properly empowered in my
Absence to transact my Business, and to whom I have now given
up the Charge of the Store.

I will sell for ready Money, or short Credit, a SLOOP that
carries 60 Hogsheads of Tobacco, two Years old, her upper
Works of Mulberry, and every Way well fitted. Likewise a
SCHOONER that carries 1250 Bushels; she is new, goes well,
and is in every Respect well found.

NORFOLK, June 16, 1775.
A NEW BRIGANTINE, now on the Stocks, Burthen about
300 Hogsheads of Tobacco, or 9000 Bushels of Grain, can
be ready to receive a Cargo in five Weeks. Any Person wanting
such a Vessel will please to deliver their Terms to Mr. John Peden,
who will be at Williamsburg until the 20th of this Monty, or send
them to the Subscriber, at Norfolk/em> who intends leaving the Colony
in July, and to return in a few Months.

Column 2

SMITHFIELD, June 12, 1775.
THE Copartnership of James Ronaldson
and Company having expired in November last, all Per-
sons indebted to them are desired to pay their respective Balances
to Mr. Patrick Ronaldson, and those that have Claims are requested
to make them known.
The Subscriber intends to leave the Colony in a short Time.

WILLIAMSBURG, June 14, 1775.
LOST by the Subscriber, a few Nights ago, an old
POCKET BOOK, containing a few Notes of
Hand, with sundry other Papers; also a Bond of 600l. Curren-
cy, and another of 150l. Sterling, both bearing Date the 22nd of
July 1774. The Bonds will be satisfied tomorrow; therefore it
will answer no Purpose for any Person to take an Assignment of
them. Whoever will bring the said Pocket Book to me, or to
Mrs. Grizel Hay of this City, shall be handsomely rewarded.

NANSEMOND, June 12, 1775.
I intend to leave the Colony
immediately. 2 JOHN McINDOE.

For ready Money, to the highest Bidder, on FRIDAY the 30th In-
(JUNE) at the Plantation where Mr. Samuel LONG
lately lived, in WARWICK County, known by the Name of
A VARIETY of Household Furniture,
consisting of Silver Table Spoons and Teaspoons, a Silver
Soup Spoon, two Silver Salts, one Mohagony Table, and sundry
Prints, &c. Also a SINGLE CHAIR with harness, two Carts,
a Carrylog, a Timber Carriage, ten valuable Draught Oxen, a
House Frame, and some Plank. — On the same Day and place, will
be sold, the said Samuel Long’s Right to cut the Timber on a Tract
of Land in Warwick County, which he purchased of James Roskoe,
together with a Quantity of white Oak rough Staves, and about 70
white Oak hewed Stocks, already cut down, and lying on said
Land. The Time of Payment to be made know at the Sale.
PORTSMOUTH, June 12, 1775.

I INTEND leaving the Colony for a few
Months: The Business carried on here for Mess. Andrew
and Company, of Glascow, Merchants, will, in my Ab-
sence, be under the Direction of Mess. John Stirling and Patrick
who are properly authorized to transact the same.

A LIST of the fortunate Numbers in theBACK CREEK SCHOOL LOTTERY,
Those Numbers which have no Prizes affixed to them are
No. Dollars. No. Dollars. No. Dollars. No. Dollars. No. Dollars. No. Dollars. No. Dollars.
13 223 448 681 909 1081 1294
15 25 51 85 30 10 83 96
19 27 52 86 16 89 1303
20 30 53 87 18 90 13
21 33 55 91 19 91 200 15
23 35 57 92 20 92 24
25 20 37 60 94 25 93 20 28
31 41 65 99 28 96 29
34 47 67 500 700 37 98 33
39 50 75 20 4 38 1101 20 36
41 51 79 6 39 5 37
45 58 89 7 40 11 43 20
50 59 90 9 42 20 12 46
55 62 94 12 43 15 47
58 71 97 15 44 17 58
65 72 503 50 16 45 22 59
71 74 20 10 24 47 26 64 20
72 50 75 14 25 49 32 65
79 76 15 30 27 51 33 67
83 83 18 28 54 38 73
88 86 26 29 55 42 74
89 87 27 31 59 44 77
92 92 30 32 60 45 83
93 97 50 45 40 63 20 49 94
96 98 47 43 64 53 96
97 303 48 51 65 60 97
99 9 49 55 66 61 99
100 10 54 56 67 62 1402
3 16 58 62 68 63 9
7 26 59 30 64 69 66 100 12
17 27 72 70 70 75 15
19 38 73 71 73 89 18
23 30 41 75 80 100 80 90 24
26 44 77 87 83 95 28
27 46 79 88 89 30 97 31
31 48 80 94 90 1200 35
33 50 84 97 94 3 37
36 52 87 98 95 15 38
37 53 90 813 97 18 39
43 56 91 20 1003 22 45
46 57 96 20 21 8 26 47
51 71 98 24 9 35 48
52 73 99 27 16 300 36 49 20
53 80 601 20 32 17 42 30 53
59 81 30 6 20 37 18 45 58
60 82 9 20 44 20 48 69
65 85 20 10 47 23 49 20 70
69 92 50 11 50 25 50 73 30
70 98 13 52 20 26 52 400 74 30
72 401 14 56 30 62 77
75 2 100 22 61 30 32 64 78
76 4 23 63 40 67 80
79 9 27 66 43 68 81
82 12 29 68 47 71 84
83 13 31 70 48 73 89 50
85 20 36 78 50 74 90
87 25 42 80 56 77 91
91 26 20 44 86 65 81 92 20
[blot, illegible] 34 48 30 87 69 84 30 93 20
[blot, illegible] 37 63 88 70 86 95
[blot, illegible] 38 68 90 71 88 97
4 41 72 92 74 90 1500
12 43 76 50 95 77 92 [blot, illegible] 47 77 901 80 119 20 1st drawing
112 20 last drawing
MAY 13, 1775. JOHN GALE, Clk. Check Book.

ALL PERSONS indebted to the Estate of
John Hudson, late of this County, are hereby requested to
make immediate Payment, that I may be enabled to discharge the
Debts due by the same; and all those who have Demands against
the said Estate are desired to make them known by the 1st. of Octo-
next, as I purpose closing the Estate’s Accounts, by that Time.
2 JOHN SCOTT, Executor.

Column 3

To be RENTED, for one or more Years.
A VALUABLE FARM on James River, near the Mouth of
Beaverdam, in Goochland County, 26 Miles from Rich-
sufficient to employ ten Hands and six Horses to great Ad-
tange. This Place is well known, and deservedly esteemed,
both for Richness of Soil and useful Improvements in the Farm-
ing Way, consisting of proper Enclosures, Dwelling-Houses,
Granaries, Stable, and Treading-Floor, together with a large
Apple Orchard of late Fruit. My present Dwelling-House, Gar-
den, Stable, Store, and other Outhouses, Peach and Cherry Or-
chards, with a good Still, being off the Farm, will be let as a
Tavern, for which Purpose they are conveniently situate, and well
calculated. For Terms apply to the Subscriber, on the Premises.

NORFOLK, June 6.1775.
THE Subscriber (late of Warwick Coun-
ty) finding that it is out of his Power to pay all he owes,
would willingly make over every thing in his Power to his Credi-
tors, to be divided among them in Proportion to their respective
Sums; and for that Purpose he requests that they will meet at
Mr. Stephen Tankard’s in Norfolk, on Wednesday the 28th Instant,
at 10 o’Clock, to appoint such Trustees as they shall think proper.

ALEXANDRIA, June 5, 1775.
RUN away from the Subscriber, two in-
dented Servants named ROBERT SHAW and ANDREW
INGLES, both Natives of Scotland, Bakers by Trade. Each
of them had on a Bearskin Jacket lined with Plaid, Osnabrug
Trousers, old Shoes, and Half worn Castro Hats. Their Bundles
consist, as it is supposed, of two Match Coat Blankets, two Pair
of Leather Breeches, two Osnabrug Shirts, two Check Shirts, and
two red Jackets. Shaw is about 5 Feet 10 inches high, has a
swarthy Complexion, dark short frizzled Hair, a long Scar on his
right Arm, appears bold, and talks much. Ingles is about 5 Feet
5 Inches high, has short straight Hair, swarthy and long featured,
has a Scab over his right Eye, his right Leg is fore, he is fond of
Liquor, and talks more in his Country Dialect than Shaw..-----
THOMAS WALSOM, a Convict, about 27 Years of Age, a
Barber by Trade, about 5 Feet 6 Inches high, has a Laddish down
Look, brown straight Hair, a little knock-kneed, and a leering
Look; had on, and took with him, two white Linen Shirts, an
old Drab coloured Cloth Coat, one red and one striped Holland
Jacket, one Pair of new Drilling Breeches, one Pair of old Buff
coloured Stocking Breeches, one Pair of white and one Pair of
white and blue spotted Stockings, a new Felt Hat bound with black
Ferreting, has a black Silk Handkerchief, and some other Things
which cannot be described. ----WILLIAM LEE, by Trade a
Cooper, about 5 Feet 9 Inches high, marked with the Smallpox,
has a remarkable large Nose, speaks thick, and is impudent; he
took with him a yellow Bull-Dog, with cropped Ears, one Side
of his Face white, has a Glass Eye, and white Breast and Neck, is
very fond of going into the Water, and answers to the Name of
Turk. The said Lee had a Variety of Clothes, which cannot well
be described. Whoever takes up, and secures the said Servants,
shall have the above Reward, or 40 s. for each, paid by

RUN away, last Saturday, from Willi-
two indented <em<English Servants, the Property of
the Subscriber, viz. JOHN FLEMING, about 27 Years of
Age, thin visaged, has a sallow Complexion, and had on, when
he went off, a brown Holland short Coat and Jacket, and wears
Trousers; he is by Trade a Painter, Drawer, and Silversmith.
GEORGE WASSELL, about 17 Years of Age, by Trade a
Shoemaker, strong made, and much pitted with the Smallpox;
he wears a blue Jacket and Trousers. Whoever secures the said
Servants in any public Gaol, or delivers them to me at Norfolk,
shall have 30 s. Reward for each, besides what the Law allows.

NEW KENT, June 17, 1775.
RUN away from the Subscriber the 8th
of this Instant, (June) a likely Negro Man named JONA-
THAN, about 21 Years old, of a yellowish Complexion, straight
made, about 5 Feet 6 or 7 Inches high, with a bold Countenance,
and hath an Impediment in his Speech. He carried with him
three different Suits of Clothes, so that I cannot describe his
Dress. He was seen in York Town last Mondy,, intending to
make his Escape out of the Colony. As he is artful, I do not
doubt but he has procured a forged Pass. Whoever apprehends
said Negro, and delivers him to me in New Kent, within two
Miles of the Brick House Ferry, on York River, shall have 5 l.
Reward, and if taken out of the Colony 10 l. paid by

HENRICO, May 30, 1775.
RUN away, in February last, a likely
well shaped black young Negro Fellow named EDOM,
about 18 Years of Age, has a Scar on one of his Elbows, occa-
sioned bu a Burn when a Child, one of his little Fingers is much
bent in, has a pleasant Countenance, and is very artful and active.
As I purchased him of Col. Philip Johnson some Years ago, he
may probably be in that Neighborhood. I will give 40 s. to
any Person that will bring him to me, about three Miles above

OSBORNE’s, June 6, 1775.
STRAYED from the Subscriber, about
the 20th of February last, a dark bay HORSE, 4 Feet 7
Inches high, 6 Years old, branded on the near Shoulder I, his
Mane cut on the near Side, and his Tail bobbed, both of which
had nearly grown out; he was lame in the Shoulder, his Flanks
are of a lighter Colour than his Body, had a thick Thigh, trots
hard and fast, and had remarkable good Courage. He was bred
on Broad River, North Carolina, where he will probably go, if
not taken up; but I have Reason to believe he was stopped by
Thomas Frith of Chesterfield, and by him exchanged to oneCrow-
of Dinwiddie. Whoever takes up the said Horse, and brings
him home, shall have 30 s. Reward; but if they can make it ap-
pear that he was bartered, as I suspect, I will give 3 l.

HANOVER, June 15, 1775.
STOLEN, or STRAYED, from this
Place, the 6th Instant, a LIGHT GRAY HORSE, 7 Years
old, about 14 1/2 Hands high, not branded, with a hanging Mane
and Switch Tail, paces and canters remarkably well, and is a very
pleasant Riding Horse. Whoever brings the said Horse to me
shall received 20 s. Reward, and 5 l. on Conviction of the Thief.

TAKEN up, in Hanover, a LIGHT GRAY HORSE,
about 8 or 9 Years old, branded on the near Buttock W,
with a Blotch over it, is about 4 Feet 8 or 9 Inches high. Posted,
and appraised to TWELVE POUNDS.

Page 4
Column 1



O THOU! From whose kind bounty flows
The greatest comfort Heaven bestows,
With thee, blest health! whilst in my veins
Life’s crimson tide its course maintains,
With thee for ever let me dwell,
Nor thou disdain my humble cell:
For if on wealth we fix our aim,
Or glory in a parent’s name;
If high sovereign power to rule mankind;
Or love’s soft secret joys inspire
Our tender breasts with warm desire;
Whate’er delights the Gods below
To soothe the pangs of human wo,
With thee, blest health! New pleasures bring,
And bloom in one continual spring.

THE Subscriber intends to leave this
Colony immediately, and to return in a few Months. ----
It is requested of all those indebted to me, that they make imme-
diate Payment to Mr. George Wright of Amelia, who is properly
authorized to receive and grant Discharges.

ALL Persons indebted to Humphrey Hill,
deceased, late of King and Queen County, are requested to
make immediate Payment, and those who have any demands against
the said Estate to apply for Payment to

LEEDS Town, June 2, 1775.
I intend for Great Britain im-
mediately. (2) JOHN SHARPLES.

RUN away from the Subscriber, in King
and Queen, the 5th of October 1774, a Negro Woman named
HANNAH, of the Middle Stature, remarkably black, has been
hurt in one Side (I think the right) which makes her limp as she
walks; had on, when she went away, a Negro Cotton Jacket, and
a Virginia Cloth Petticoat, striped with black Yarn. Whoever
secures her so that I may get her again (if in this Colony) shall
have 40 s. Reward, and if out thereof 5 l.

AS I was informed, at the late Conven-
tion held at Richmond, that a very large Number of Sheep
were wanted by the Inhabitants of the middle and western Coun-
ties of this Colony; on my Return to Norfolk, I made Inquiry
what Number could be purchased in Norfolk and Princess Anne
Counties, and Parts adjacent; and, from the best Information I
have been able to get, I am convinced that several Hundreds may
be purchased in those parts, if Application be made before the
20th Day of July, as the Persons who have Sheep for Sale choose
to dispose of what they have to spare by that Time.

The Butchers who supply Norfolk Market have informed me,
that if applied to, they shall be ready to assist Purchasers in making
their Purchase; and they certainly know of whom the best, as
well as the greatest Number of Sheep, are to be bought.

To sail in a Month)
PRIESTMAN Master; can take in 200 Hogsheads of To-
bacco on Freight, with Liberty of Consignment. For Terms ap-
ply to JOHN LAURENCE, & Co.
Who have also FOR CHARTER, a SHIP of 400 Hogs-
heads, and a BRIG of 8000 Bushels Burthen.
NORFOLK, June 6, 1775,

THE Volunteer Company of Dinwiddie
County would willingly engage with an expert ADJU-
TANT to instruct them in military Discipline.

THE Subscriber being very desirous of
getting out of Debt, without any Dependence on his un-
grateful Debtors, proposes to sell the pleasant and healthy Seat of
HUNTINGTOUR, near Appomattox River, in the lower End of
Buckingham, with 1500 or 2000 Acres of good Land, which pro-
duces fine Tobacco, Hemp, Wheat, & c. The Houses are new,
and the best I have seen in the county; a larger and better Gar-
den I believe is not in the Colony, and on this Land are several
Hundred Fruit Trees of the best Kind, many of which were
brought by water to Richmond Town above 80 Miles. On this
Tract of Land, is a large Proportion of eceeding fine Meadow
Land, with a Fish Pond within three Hundred Yards of the Dwel-
ling-House, stored with various Kinds of fine Fish, sufficient for
the Use of a Family the Year round. In this Neighborhood is
Plenty of excellent Venison. The Air and so pure that I never
knew an Instance of any Person having the Ague and Fever at
Huntingtour. I have travelled through the most Parts of Virginia,
and I have not seen any Part that I would so willingly reside in
as this Neighbourhood. If I sell this Place, I shall live on the
Part of this Tract of Land which has been advertised for some
Time past. I make no Doubt but Appamattox River will be soon
cleared, and then Wheat will be carried as far as Col. Banister’s
Mill, near Petersburg, for 4 d. or 5 d. perBushel. I made at this
Place 100 Gallons of rich Wine in 1772, and last Year (if it had
not been for the Frost) I could have made 5 or 600 Gallons,
which Quantity I expect to make this Year.

HUNTINGTOUR would be a pleasant and safe Place for a
Gentleman of Fortune to retreat to in the Horrours of a civil
War, or in the sickly Months of many Parts of the Lowlands.

”What is Honour, Grandeur, and Wealth?

”All fleeting Nothings without Health!”

I hope any Gentleman inclinable to purchase will visit the Pre-
mises this Summer. -----I will also sell, very cheap (that is, for
about Half the Value) the Tract of rich LAND I have advertised in
Albemarle for some Time past.

COMMITTED to Buckingham Gaol,
on the 15th of May last, a Negro Man about 5 Feet 6 Inches
high, with a remarkable large Scar on the Back of his Right Hand,
Scars on each side of his Face, and had on a Virginia Linen Shirt
and Trousers. He cannot, or will not, tell his Master’s Name.
JOHN COX, Gaoler.

STRAYED, or STOLEN, about two
Months ago, a large BLACK BITCH, very big with Pup-
pies. Whoever brings her to the Post Office in Willilamsburg
shall have TWO DOLLARS Reward.

Column 2

A DECENT young Woman wishes to
live with a good Family, not very distant from the Neigh-
bourhood of Petersburg. She would cheerfully discharge the com-
mon Duty of a Housekeeper, without any other Reward than her
Board, and such Gratuity as may be graciously bestowed. For her
Character, and other Information, inquire of Mr.William Bradley,
or Mr.William Timberlake, of Petersburg.

leave the Colony immediately. THOMAS FORSYTH.

RUN away from the Subscriber, in Farn-
Parish, Richmond County, the 12th of May last, a Con-
vict Servant named WILLIAM WELLS, imported this Spring
in the [marked over, illegible] Capt. Kidd, about 6 Feet high, very thin, a little
pitted with the Smallpox, of a brown Complexion, his Nose some-
what red, and has short dark brown Hair. He had on, when he
went away, a gray Bath Coating Coat and Waistcoat (the Waist-
coat, I am informed, he has changed for a short red one since he
ran away) a Check Shirt, a Pair of Osnabrug long Breeches,
patched on both Thighs, a Pair of old single Channel Pumps tied
with Strings, a small Hat, the Crown of which is sewed in with
brown Thread, and cocked two Ways; he carried with him a
Pair of light coloured coarse Cloth Breeches, patched on the Knees.
He is very saucy, and fond of Liquor. I am informed he was
seen the 18th of May at Hobb’s Hole, and wanted to engage as a
Sailor on Board some of the Ships there; but failing of employ-
ment, he quitted that place with two Sailors, who stole a Pettiauger
with a Design of going to Norfolk. Whoever conveys him to me,
shall have 5 l. Reward. FRANCIS CHRISTIAN.

All Captains on Matters of Vessels are forewarned carrying
hm out of the Colony, at their Peril. (2)

For CHARTER to any Part of BRITAIN,
V E S S E L,
Burthen about 500 Hogsheads,
Greenwood, Ritson, & Marsh. NORFOLK, May 3, 1775. (tf)

DUMFRIES, May 30, 1775. STRAYED from my Plantation, near
Dumfries, on Friday the 12th Instant, a BRIGHT BAY
MARE near 14 Hands high, with a long Bob Tail and very thick
Mane, paces naturally, and gallops very awkwardly, marked,
to the best of my Remembrance, with a W on the left Shoulder,
shod before, had a Neck Yoke on when she strayed away, and was
seen about ten Days ago, near Bull Run Church, in Fauquier Coun-
ty. Whoever will bring to me in Dumfries shall have 50 s.

Who will meet with good Encouragement by applying to

COMMITTED to the Gaol of Elizabeth
County, a Negro Man named BEN, of a yellow Com-
plexion, pitted with the Smallpox, about 22 Years old, 5 Feet 7
or 8 Inches high, and has on an Osnabrug Shirt, and white New-
gro Cotton Jacket and Breeches. He says he belongs to James
of the Island of Bermudas. The Owner is desired to prove
his Property, pay Charges, and take him away. JOHN McLACHLEN, Gaoler.

WILLIAMSBURG, June 3, 1775. DURING my Absence from this Co-
lony, Mr. William Maitland will transact the Business of
Bursar to the College of William and Mary, as also my own Busi-
ness, under the Direction of John Blair, Thomas Everard, and
John Tazewell, Esquires, who have been pleased to accept of a
Power of Attorney from me for that purpose. ROBERT MILLER.

I INTEND to leave the Colony as soon
as possible. All Persons having any demands against me are
desired to make them known immediately; and those who are in-
debted I hope will not fail to discharge their Account this Meet-
ing. I have for Sale a Mulatto Fellow about 18 Years of Age,
used to House and Garden Work, and taking Care of Horses;
also sundry Pieces of exceeding good Mohogony and Walnut
Furniture, two full blooded Mares, 15 Hands high, with their
Foals, one Year old, by Partner, remarkably large and fine.
The above may be seen, and the Terms known by applying to
me in Williamsburg. HENRY MORSE

To the highest Bidder, on the Premises, on TUESDSAY the 1st of
ALL that ualuable Tract of LAND late
the Property of Matthew Branch, deceased, lying on James</em
River, in the County of Chesterfield, containing about 500 Acres.
One Half the Purchase Money to be paid on the Delivery of the
Land, and the other Half twelve Months after. A good Title
will be made by RIDLEY BRANCH, and MATTHEW BRANCH. 6 WARWICK, May 29, 1775

RUN away from the Subscriber, in Nan-
some Time in May 1774, a Virginia born Negro
Fellow named WILL, about 35 Years old, about [blot; illegible] feet 10
Inches high, very black, stout, and well made, has fever Scars,
one across each Ear, and one on his Chin. He has been seen in
King William County, with a Negro Woman of Mr. William [blot; illegible]
legre’s. I will give FIVE POUNDS to any Person who [blot; illegible]
him secured in any of his Majesty’s Gaols, so that I may [blot; illegible]
again. He is outlawed; and as he is very artful, it is [blot; illegible}
hended he may make his escape from those who take him [blot; illegible]
are not particularly careful. HENRY GODW[blot; illegible]

SOUTHHAMPTON COUNTY, April 19, 1775 STRAYED, or STOLEN, from [blot; illegible]
Subscriber, on the 16th of December last, a BAY HORSE
about 14 Hands high, with a Star in his Forehead, and a Snip on
his Nose; his right Eye is out, paces naturally, branded on [blot; illegible]
near Buttock O, but not plain, and had a Bell on. Whoever
contrives the said Horse to me, or gives me such Intelligence of
him as will enable me to get him again, shall receive a Reward of

Column 3

TAKEN up, in Amelia, a BAY MARE and COLT, the
latter about a Year old this Spring, with a Blaze in her Face,
and four white Feet; the Mare appears to be old, has a Star in
her Forehead, some Saddle Spots on her Back, and branded on
the near Buttock P, with some other letter before it which cannot
be made out. Posted, and appraised to 9 l. JOHN ATKERSON.

TAKEN up, in Cumberland, a DARK BAY MARE about
10 Years old, 4 Feet 4 Inches high, branded on the near
Shoulder and Buttock A, and on the off Shoulder PW. Posted,
and appraised to 8 l. WILLIAM SMITH.

TAKEN up, in Stafford, a BLACK COW with a white
Belly, marked with a Crop and two Slits in her right Ear,
and a Swallowfork in the left Ear, about 6 Years old; also a
BLACK BULL, with a white Belly, his right Ear marked with
a Crop and Underkeel, and his left with a Crop, supposed to be
two Years old. Posted and appraised, the Cow to 45 s. and the
Bull to 15 s. JOHN MOUNTJOY.

TAKEN up, in Buckingham, two MARES, viz, a DARK
BAY about 4 Feet 5 Inches high, 5 or 6 Years old, trots
and paces, her Mane hangs on the right Side, branded on the near
Shoulder and Buttock, and on the near Jaw, П; the other is a
SORREL, about 4 Feet 4 or 5 Inches high, 5 or 6 Years old,
her Mane hangs on the right Side, has a Switch Tail, which is
much whiter than her Mane, a small Blaze on her Face down to
her Nose, and only trots. Posted and appraised, the former to 8 l.
and the latter to 10 l. WILLIAM GILLIAM.

TAKEN up, in
Buckingham, a BLACK MARE about 3
Years old, her Mane hangs on the near Side, has some white
Hairs in her Face, Mane, and Tail, paces and trots, and has on
a bell, which is cracked in several places, and is tied with a
Leather String. Posted, and appraised to 15 l. ISSAC AGEE.

TAKEN up, in Caroline, a brindled COW, marked with a
Crop and Underkeel in the right Ear. Posted, and ap-
praised to 50 s. WILLIAM REDD,

TAKEN up, inBedford, on the north Fork of Otter River, a
SORREL MARE about 3 Years old, 4 Feet 8 Inches high,
with a light Mane and Tail, and a large Blaze in her Face,
branded on the off Buttock and near Shoulder ო. Posted, and
appraised to 10 l. JOHN JAMESON.

TAKEN up, in Bedford, a white and black CIW, marked
with an underkeel in the left Ear, and a Half Crop in the
right, appears to be pretty old. Posted, and appraised to 50 s. JOHN STIFF.

TAKEN up, in Bedford, on the Waters of Meadow Creek, a
middle sized BAY MARE, with about a five Shilling Bell
on, branded on the near Shoulder S, trots naturally, and is about
4 Feet 3 or 4 Inches high. Posted, and appraised to 8 l. 5 s. WALTER DEWITT.

TAKEN up, in <em<Bedford, on Fleming’s Mountain, a BLACK
HORSE about 4 Feet 7 Inches high, 6 Years old, branded
on the near Shoulder and Buttock, and on the off Shoulder, O;
he has a Mark, or Scar, on the near Buttock, under the Letter,
and trots naturally. Posted, and appraised to 10 l. WILLIAM HUMPHREY.

Fredericksburg, on Saturday Evening the 30th of April last, a
small BRIGHT BAY MARE about 13 ½ Hands high, 6 Years
old, trots and paces, has a Switch Tail, is a little marked on the
Breast with a Collar, but not branded. She was bred near King
Courthouse, and very probably may be gone that Way.
Whoever delivers the said Mare to me, in Dumfries, shall have


RUN AWAY from the Subscriber, in New
the 27th of April last, a Negro Fellow named MI-
CHAEL, about 25 Years old, 5 Feet 7 Inches high, had on a
Cotton Waistcoa, an Osnabrug Shirt, Leather Breeches, and a
Pair of black Stockings. He walks remarkably straight, and has
been inWilliamsburg offering to hire himself. Whoever brings
him to me shall have 40 s. Reward, or 20 s. if secured in any Gaol…….SAMUEL APPERSON.

STRAYED from the Subscriber, in
Blandford, on the 4th of March last, a dark bay Mare, 7
or 8 Years old, about 14 Hands high, with a hanging Mane and
Switch Tail, cat-hamm’d, paces naturally, has some Saddle Spots
on the near Side, and branded WK, or WR, on the near Soul-
der and Buttock. Also a small sorrel FILLY went away with
her, two Years old this Spring, had a Snip on the right Nostril,
but neither docked nor branded. They were seen on the Rowanty, and
are imagined to have gone towards Walker’s Mill, on Nottoway,
or Hick’s Ford, on Meherrin,----Whoever will bring the said
Mares to me shall be handsomely rewarded from their Trouble. (tf) DAVID BLACK.

A large Dwelling-House
40 Feet by 20, with two rooms below and two above, a Garden
newly pailed in, a Kitchen, and all other Outhouses necessary
for a Family. The Situation is as pleasant as any in Town.

The Terms may be known by applying to the Printers
hereof, or to the Subscriber, in said Town. (tf) GABRIEL GALT.

THREE Thousand Acres of well timbered LAND, near New-
in<em<Caroline County, whereon are two Plantations in
good Repair, with proper and convenient Edifices for farming or
making of Tobacco. For Terms apply to the Subscriber. <tf) JOHN BAYLOR.

A TRACT of LAND in Caroline County, contiguous to Mat-
containing about 2000 Acres of well timbered Land,
the Property of Mr.Robert Baylor,. The Terms may be known
by applying to Mr. Nathaniel Burwell of King William, Mr. John
of Caroline, and Mr. John Baylor, Executors. (tf)

For SALE, and very CHEAP,
THE TRACT of LAND whereon I now live, in the lower End
of Caroline County, that contains 470 Acres, and is known
to be very good. The Improvements are, a new Dwelling-House
[illegible, blot] by 28 Feet, with three Dormants on a Side, two Fireplaces
below, and one above, a good Cellar, the Kitchen 24 by 16 Feet,
with all other Outhouses quite new, and the Plantation in fine
Order for Cropping. Its Situation is equal to any Forest Place
whatever. I will give Credit till next Christmas, when Possession
may be had. <tf) LE ROY HIPKINS.

Original Format

Ink on paper



J. Dixon & W. Hunter (Firm), printer, “The Virginia Gazette. Number 1245, June 17, 1775,” Special Collections, John D. Rockefeller Jr. Library, Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, accessed October 3, 2023,