Supplement to the Virginia Gazette, April 16, 1762
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SUPPLEMENT to the Virginia Gazette.
APRIL 16, 1762.
NEW-YORK, April 1.
Saturday Evening last the Ship Amherst Firgat, Capt. Nicholson, arrived
here an Express Vessell from General Monckton, at Port St. Pierre, in Mar-
tinico, which Place she left the 23d of February last, and has had 32 Days
Passage, three Weeks of which Time she was beating on the Coast, between
this Port and Bermudas, occasioned by the late hard Gales. On Board
this Ship came Capt. Clarke, of the 77th, and Lieutenant Monro, of the
4th Battalion of Royal Americans, with Despatches to his Excellency Ge-
neral Amherst, and to his Honour the Lieutenant-Governor Colden, from
which, and from private Letters, we have been favoured with the following
Particulars of the Attack, Siege and Surrender, of that very important
Island Martinico, to his Britannick Majesty's Arms, on Tuesday the 16th
of February last:
THAT on the Ist of January, 1762, the Fleet of Men of War and
Transports sailed from Carlisle Bay, at Barbados, for Martinico.
6th. At Evening they made the Windward Side of Martinico, and lay
to all Night.
7th. Came to an Anchor in St. Anne's Bay.
8th. Lay at Anchor all Day ; several Boats sounding the Bay.
9th. The second Brigade landed without Opposition, and took Possession
of some Batteries.
10th. First and third Brigade, with Col. Scot's Light Infantry, sailed
for Grande et Petite Ance, and landed except the third Brigade, which
11th. Early arr'ved, with four Royals and intrenching Tools, and joined
the first Brigade and Light Infantry, before Pigeon Island.
12th. Remained before Ditto. In the Evening the advanced Posts were
attacked by a large Body of French and Negroes; but they were repulsed, with considerable Loss.
13th. Four French Grenadiers were taken Prisoners by only one of
Montgomery's Regiment, for which he was hamdsomely rewarded. The
General reembarked, and the Rest of the Army joined.
14th and 15th. Nothing extraordinary.
16th. Sailed, and landed in Case des Navires Bay, without Opposition,
the Ships of War having previously silenced may Batteries along Shore.
The Enemy, with their whole Strength collected, had Possession of the two
remarkable strong HIlls, called Montes Tortueson and Garnir, with many
[torn, illegible]doubts [torn, illegible]ted with Cannon, Batteries, Breastwork, &c.
[torn, illegible]d 23d, erecting Batteries, and skir-
[torn, illegible]h[torn, illegible]
mithing with th[torn, illegible]
That on the 24[torn, illegible]very deep and almost impassable
Ravin, or Gully, and [torn, illegible]e Enemy, to the Attack of their
Works on the Mont Tortueson: [torn, illegible]regnably posted as the Enemy
[torn, illegible]med to be, it was really amazing to[torn, illegible]or with which our Tro[torn, illegible]
[torn, illegible]ed; they drove them out of [torn, illegible]d then another, and in a
[torn, illegible]rs we were in Possession of [torn, illegible]rks, consisting of not less
[torn, illegible]doubts, with Canno[torn, illegible] advantageously situated.
T[torn, illegible] in [torn, illegible] to the Mont Garnir, which
co[torn, illegible]ot Possession of, [torn, illegible]nd where they had also
R[torn, illegible] with Cannon, and a deep Ravin, or Gully, between us.
[torn, illegible]25th and 26th we were annoyed a good Deal with Cannon and
[torn, illegible]s from Fort Royal and Mont Garnir.
[torn, illegible]The 27th, in the Afternoon, the Enemy had the Temerity (inspired with
[torn, illegible] good Quantity of l'Eau de Vie, alias strong Liquor) to attack, with about
5000 Men, under cover of a new erected Battery, the Brigade of the Army
on the Left: They were received properly, and instantly repulsed ; and
the happy Conference was, that our Troops pursuing them, passed the
Riviere, and got Possession of Mont Garnir, where two Brigades, the Light
Infantry and Grenadiers, took Post that Night, in Order to attack their
strong Works on the Morrow ; but the Trouble was saved, by the Enemy
evacuating them in the Night.
28th. Turned their own Guns on Mont Garnir, against the Citadel.
29th. The Cannon and Bomb Batteries on Mont Tortueson opened.
30th. Continued battering.
31st. Leland's Light Infantry took Possession of some Batteries mounting
21 Guns, and large Magazines.
February 1st. Bombarding and cannonading. Seven 32-Pounders brought
from the Ships of War.
2d. The 32-Pounders began to batter. The Fire from the Fort slack-
3d. At Six in the Evening the Enemy beat a Parley.
4th. The Fort surrendered, and the first Division of Grenadiers took
Possession of it.
5th. The French Regular Garrison marched out with the Honours of
War, but those of the Island had none allowed them.
6th. Nothing extraordinary.
7th. In the Evening Pigeon Island surrendered.
8th. Nothing remarkable from this Day until the 13th, when Mons.
de la Touche, the French Governor, sent Proposals of Capitulation ; which
having been agreed on, General Monckton embarked on the 15th for St.
Pierre's, and took Possession of that Place, and the whole Island on the 16th.
The Citadel of Fort Royal (as was said before) surrendered by Capitu-
lation, the Garrison becoming Prisoners of War, on the 4th of February,
in Consequence of two Defeats the Army received on the 24th and 27th
of January in the strong Post on the Montes Tortueson and Garnir, in which
they had not less than 1000 killed and wounded, and many taken Prisoners:
The Enemy had every Advantage of Situation they could wish for; but our
Troops, with the most irresistable Impetuosity, carried every Thing before
them. Immediately on the Surrender of Fort Royal, Deputies from a Ma-
jority of the Quarters of the Island came in, and submitted to Terms of
Capitulation, whereby they became Subjects of Great-Britain.
What adds greatly to this Conquest is, that it has been accomplished with
the Loss of only seven Officers, and about 97 Privates killed, and 400
wounded. The Names of the Officers killed are: Capt. Stamper, of the
Artillery; Capt. Coburn, Lieutenants Barclay and Hugh Gordon of the
Royal Highlanders; Lieutenant German of the 22d; Lieutenant Hume of
the 4th, or King's Regiment; and an Officer belonging to Ogden's Rangers.
Lieutenant Edmindon of the 48th is shot through the Body, but in a fair
Way of Recovery.
Camp at MARTINICO, February 7, 1762.
I HAVE the Pleasure to advise you of our safe Arrival here on the 3d
Instant, and found the Army healthy, engaged on the different Hills,
around the strong well fortified Place, Fort Royal. These Heights were
gained the 24th of January, since which they kept a constant Fire until the
Evening of the 4th Instant; when by Accident, a Soldier who was drunk
strolled into their Town, under the Castle, and was apprehended by the
Sentry : All that could be learned from him was, that our Men would storm
them the next Day (a lucky Gasconade) for they immediately sent out a
Truce and proposed Terms of Capitulation; which being agreed on, the
Day following, had the high Satisfaction to accompany the British Colours
to the Gates of the Castle, and saw the Keys delivered by a French Officer
to our brave Troops. None were suffered to enter but the Soldiery, who
soon displayed his Majesty's Standard of Glory. Yesterday I had an Op-
portunity of going into the Fort, with our Friend, who, as Commissary of
Artillery, surveyed the different Lines, and found the following Ordnance:
14 forty-two Pounders, 9 thirty-two Ditto, 23 twenty six Ditto, 4 twenty
four Ditto, 26 eighteen Ditto, and one Twelve Pounder; in all 76 [torn, illegible]
Mortars, 3 of 13 Inches, and 1 of 7 Inches.
We found in the Harbour of Fort Royal 3 Ships, 3 Snows[torn, illegible]
and 8 Sloops, afloat; sunk 9 Ships, 3 Brigs, 1 Schooner, [torn, illegible]
also 6 Sloops at a Bay above the Harbour.
The Number of Men said to have marched out of the Fort [torn, illegible]
be about 800, of which 270 were Privateer's Men, sick and wounded, and [torn, illegible]
remain in the Garrison. As to the Number of Men killed, it is not known [torn, illegible]
nor are the Terms of Capitulation. The French Regulars and Milit[torn, illegible]
marched out with their Arms, two Brass Six Pounders, Colours flying,[torn, illegible]
The private Men grounded their Arms, but carried off their Baggage. [torn, illegible]
Terms, at present, bespeak the Honour and Humanity of the British Tro[torn, illegible]
The Capitulation is only for the Castle of Fort Royal, and not for Pig[torn, illegible]
Island, or even any Part of this Island. Their General Mons. L[torn, illegible]
retired some Time since; whether gone to Pigeon Island or St[torn, illegible]
uncertain and had not sent any Orders to the Fort for[torn, illegible]
the Disposition of the French was to give up, this added [torn, illegible]
sustained very little Loss.
[torn, illegible] FORT R[torn, illegible]
Since writing the above a Flag of Truce came [torn, illegible]rom St[torn, illegible]Pierre,[torn, illegible]
is reported that they have surrendered, together with a great Nu[torn, illegible]
other Inhabitants of the Island, who are hourly coming into the Ca[torn, illegible]
that in all Probability the Island will be ours in a few Days. Yeste[torn, illegible]
Flag returned from Pigeon Island, opposite Fort Royal, about three L[torn, illegible]
Distance, having demanded a Surrender, to which the Commanding-O[torn, illegible]
replied, he must have four Days Time to send to M. Latouche, in [torn, illegible]
Mountain, with a Body of Men, to consider of it, &c. The Flag told [torn,illegible]
he would give him 15 Minutes; whereon he returned, as the Commander
of the Island observed to him that Batteries had been erected against Fort
Royal, Guns fired at it, but none having yet been fired at him he must re-
fuse until they could hear from their General, and make their Defence."
We hear four Regiments are soon expected here from Martinico.
A large Spanish Ship, mounting 24 Guns, and laden with Artillery, for
the Havannah, from Cadiz, is taken by one of our Frigats, and car-
ried into Barbados: She fired first into the Frigat, and killed her nine Men ;
but she soon got such a Dose, as obliged her to Strike. The Captain of the
Spanish Ship said he had Orders not to suffer himself to be stopped or
searched by any Vessel whatsoever.
Extract of a Letter from MONTREAL, dated March 3, to a Gentleman in this
"This Town is in the greatest Tibulation on Account of the Loss of a
Cartel Ship that sailed from hence the Beginning of November, and was
soon after cast away ; and out of 120 Souls, that were on Board, only six
were saved: Among them is the Captain, four others, and Mons. St Luke;
the latter arrived here a few Days ago, after suffering much with Cold,
Hunger, and immense Fatigue. He has lost a Brother, two Sons, two
Nephews, and several Relations and Friends. There were on Board the
Ship 14 Officers, 10 Ladies, and 14 young Men, all of Fashion; in short,
scarce any Body here but what has lost some Relation, Friend, Child, Hus-
band or Wife."
April 3. By a Gentleman just came to Town from Montreal, we hear
they enjoy Health, Peace and Plenty, at that Place. They are well sup-
plied with Goods of all Sorts, and Provision is good and cheap. On Friday
last, near 300 Sleighs came to that Town. The following unfortunate
Accident happened there a few Days ago: One M. St. Luke Lycorn,
(who was lately cas away in the River St. Lawrence) having with his Wife
and Sister drank some Coffee, they were suddenly taken ill, his Wife died
in five Hours, and his Sister's Life was despaired of. It is imagined this
Accident was occasioned by Ratsbane, which has been used in poisoning
We hear that in Capt. Nicholson from Martinico came Passenger Mrs.
Shute, a Woman of this Place, the Widow of Sergeant Shute, of the 3d
battalion of Royal Americans, in Colonel Haviland's Regiment. When
our Forces landed at Martinico, the Women not being allowed to go on
Shore, she dressed in Mens Clothes, and accompanied her Husband, who
was killed by her Side.
From Antigua we learn that the Report of the French General's giving
a Reward for Legs, Arms, &c. and of our Indians having scalped some
French Negroes, is entirely without Foundation; and ought, therefore, to
Last Week was committed to Gaol a Negro Chimney-Sweeper, known
by the Name of Cyrus, on Suspicion of having lately, and several Times
last Winter, robbed the Post-Office of several Sums of Money. It is sup-
posed he used to conceal himself in some Part of the House until the Fa-
mily were in Bed, and then ascending some other Funnel of the Chimney
let himself down into the Post Office. Most Houses in Town are exposed
to this kind of Villainy, especially those that are contiguous to several others;
and probably many of the Robberies in Town have been effected by this
At Two o'Clock last Thursday Afternoon John Holton, Esq; Comman-
der of his Majesty's Ship the Enterprise, of 40 Guns, came up in his Barge
from the Watering-Place, where he left the said Ship: He sailed from Spit-
head the 24th of January, and has brought Despatches for his Excellency
General Amherst, as also for Lieutenant-Governor Colden, and for all the
English Governors on the Continent: And this Day, at the usual Places,
War was solemnly declared here against the King of Spain with all the
We are told that nine Millions was the Sum to be raised in Great-Britain
for the Service of the present Year, against the French only; but that as
soon as War was declared in England against Spain, it was augmented to
no less than 21 Millions, and 25,000 l. of that Sum was to be sent to this
Province, for the Service of the last Campaign.
By an Express that came to Town Tuesday Evening from Philadelphia,
which Place he left the Day before, we have certain Intelligence that the
Spanish Governor of Monte-Christo had received a Packet the 1st Day of
last Month, and at the Head of 3 or 400 Men declared War against the
English: That immediately thereon the Fort began to fire at the Shipping,
on which they all got away as fast as possible out of the Reach of their
Guns. What English Merchants were ashore are said to be imprisoned, and
[torn, illegible] Effects seized. A Man of War had been off the Mount, who had ta-
[torn, illegible]the Craft along Shore with Sugars; and the Captain assured that all
[torn, illegible]s were seized at Jamaica, and that they all had Orders to take
[torn, illegible] of that Nation they met with.
[torn, illegible]om Antigua, dated January 31st, mentions the Admiral's
[torn, illegible]ed two Frigats for the Spanish Main, in Order to seize all
Extract of a Letter from LONDON, January 16.
"There has been much talk for some Days, of a Change in the Mini-
[torn, illegible] but the Differences are now settled. It is certain that a great Man
[torn, illegible] refused an Annuity of 7000 l. per Annum, to retire."
APRIL 9, 1762.
[torn, illegible] give Notice to the Soldiers of Colonel BYRD'S Company, that were on
[torn, illegible][creased, illegible] [discarded?], if they apply to me in Essex County
[torn, illegible] will receive their full Pay, and on [obscured by tape, illegible] allowed
William [obscured by tape, illegible]erfield.
[torn, illegible]ERT s[torn, illegible]ng the sum of 1000l for
[torn, illegible] bridge over Staunton River, at or near Cock's Quarter,
[torn, illegible] County of Halifax.
|1 Prize of||[F.?]1000||£. 1000|
|1000 Prizes||3000 Blanks|
|4000 Tickets at 20 s. each||£.4000|
As this Scheme is intended solely for the Benefit of the Publick, particularly the south-
west Part of this Colony, it is hoped it will meet with general Approbation; the Drawing
of which is to be at the Town of Patensburg, in Halifax County, on Wednesday the 17th
of November, 1762 (or sooner, if full.) A List of Prizes to be published in the Virginia
Gazette. All Prizes not demanded in six Months after the Publication will be deemed
as generously given, to be applied to the aforesaid Purpose. The following Gentlemen
are appointed Managers: Nathaniel Terry, Robert Wooding, Matthew Marable, Paul Car-
vington, Clement Read, Jun. James Robert, John Coleman, Armistead Watlington, Tho-
mas Green and William Satterwhite; who are to give Bond, and be on Oath, for their
faithful Performance of their Trust.
Tickets to be had of the Managers, and at the Printing-Office, Williamsburg.
SCHEME of a LOTTERY for raising the Sum of 100 l.
for building and keeping a Bridge over Appamattox River, near to
|1 Prize of||£.200||£.200|
|138 Prizes.||Sum to be raised,||100|
|1000 Tickets at 20 s. each,||£.1000|
The Drawing to be at Amelia Court-House, as soon as the Tickets are sold, of which
Notice will be given in the Virginia Gazette; also a List of the Prizes when drawn. The
following Gentlemen are appointed Managers: Thomas Swann, John Mayo, Rhoderick
Easley, Henry Ward, David Greenbill, Edmund Booker, John Winn, James Henderson,
John Scott, John Booker and Thomas Tabb, who are to be on Oath for their faithful Dis-
charge of the Trust reposed in them.
A LOTTERY for disposing of Effects to the full Value of 2000 l.
Virginia Currency, without any Deduction.
THE Subscriber intending for England as soon as he can possibly accomplish it, his
Affairs suffering greatly there on Account of his Absence, proposes this Method
as the most expeditious to dispose of his Effects. It is with great Diffidence that he ad-
dresses the Publick, as he is sensible that their Patience nnd Generosity must be almost
wearied out with so many Repetitions of Things of this Nature; and Nothing but the pre-
sant Situation of his Affairs, both here and at home, could have prevailed on him to do
it, which he would gladly flatter himself that to his Friends and Well-wishers, to those
who feel a secret Pleasure in assisting such as labour under Difficulties, will afford Motives
sufficient to remove any Prejudices they may have entertained against Lotteries of this Sort.
To the Publick in general very powerful Inducements to adventure will not be wanting:
This Lottery is beyond Dispute as well calculated for the the Advantage of Adventurers as
any yet offered to the Publick, as every Article in the Collection will be valued at the
lowest Rate, and the Prizes paid off without any deduction. Almost all the Schemes hi-
therto presented to the Publick propose a Deduction of 15 per Cent. at least, to raise (as
it is called) a Sum in that Proportion, which in the present Lottery would amount to
300l. which the Adventurers will have the Benefit of, as the Subscriber does not want
to make any Advantage by Deductions, but only to dispose of what Effects he has on Hand
as soon as possible, at a reasonable Rate. In the first Place, the Lottery will consist of
eight Tracts of Land, great Part of them on, and none of them ten Miles distant from,
Potowmack; which, for Richness of Soil, are exceeded by very few Lands in America;
and that Lands, particularly such as are situated in the back Counties, daily increase in
[Value?], is a Circumstance too well known to be insisted on.
No 1. Arcadia, lying on a Branch of Patterson's Creek, containing 750 Acres, 300
Acres of which are as good Meadow Ground as any in Virginia. The greatest Part of the
Rest is so rich as to produce Corn in great Abundance, without the Trouble of attending after
it is put in the Ground. A delightful Stream runs through it, with which, at any Season
of the Year, the Whole may be watered.
No 2. Wigton, lying on the north Fork of Patterson's Creek, containing 418 Acres
of extremely rich and valuable Land, and possessed of every Advantage that Land unim-
proved can boast of.
No 3. Tirzah, lying on the south Branch of Potowmack, containing 400 Acres, about
30 Acres cleared, ten of which as rich Meadow Ground as any in America; a Tenant
lives on it.
No 4. Kelsick, lying on the south Branch of Potowmack, containing 230 Acres, between
30 and 40 Acres cleared, was planted with Corn last Year, and produced a prodigious
Crop. There runs through it an excellent Stream for a Mill, called Turn-Mill Run, which
preserves nearly an equal Height all Seasons of the Year.
No 5. Paphos, lying on the Waters of Patterson's Creek, about seven or eight Miles
from Potowmack, containing 221 Acres, which for Richness of Soil may vie with any
Land on the Face of the Earth. The Stream which waters it abounds with Trout, and
a Variety of other Fish. It is situated most advantageously for a Range of Cattle.
No 6. Abbey-Holme, situated on one of the Waters of the south Branch of Potowmack,
called Hickory-Bottom Run, containing 400 Acres, 150 of which are extremely rich Bot-
tom, and may be watered at Pleasure; the Rest is well adapted for Grain of every Kind,
[obscured by tape, illegible] Situation also convenient to an extensive Range.
No [7?] Mamre, lying on the Waters of Patterson's Creek, containing 400 Acres, very
rich land, watered with a beautiful Stream.
No [8?] Cumberland, lying on Stony-Lick Run, about seven or eight Miles from Potow-
mack, containing 220 Acres of very rich Land, and an extensive Range for Cattle round it.
A very neat Assortment of dry Goods, fresh, and only now opening, consisting of a Va-
riety of fashonable Silks, newest fashioned Millinery, and all Sorts of Womens Ware;
Broadclothe, Jeans, Sagathies and Duroys, Stuffs of sundry Kinds, Hats laced and plain;
together with all Kinds of Mens Apparrel, and a Number of other Articles, too tedious
A large and very valuable Collection of Books, in History, Divinity, Natural Philo-
sophy, Commerce, and on almost every Art and Science; amongst which are Postlethwaite's
Commercial Dictionary, [torn]hamber's Cyclopedia, 20 Volumes [torn] Universal [torn, illegible]
all Nations, Lode's, [Andison's?], Pope's, Swift's [torn, illegible]
taire's, Muralt's [torn] Marquis D' Argo[torn, illegible]de's ano[torn, illegible
Natural Philosophy [torn] [Newintye's?] Reli[torn, illegible]ography, Pliny's and
Cicero's Letters translated by Melmoth, [torn, illegible] and Officers, Harris on
the Globes, with a Variety of the be[torn,illegible] branch of the Mathematicks.
The Reviews; Gentleman's, London [torn, illegible]ial, Magazines; and a Number of Plays,
[torn, illegible]vels, Tristram Shandey, [torn, illegible] Entertainment.
A great Variety of the late[torn, illegible] coloured and executed in the mo[torn, illegible]
Manner; a considerable Colle[torn, illegible]ctive Views of the most magnificen[torn, illegible]
and private Edifices, Bridges, [torn, illegible] Ruins, in Rome, Venice, France[torn, illegible]
and China, with a curious [torn, illegible] Mirror; a Collection of[torn, illegible]
Pictures done by Hogarth and other [torn, illegible]rion [torn,illegible]m.
The Prizes will be classed [torn, illegible] such Order that [torn, illegible]a-
riety as the Value of the Prize Will admit of. [torn, illegible]
The whole Collection to be examined by disinterested Persons who are [torn, illegible]ed
with the Worth of each Article, and the intrinsick Value to be ascertained by [torn, illegible]
the Publick may be satisfied ther can be no Fraud in the Undertaking; and to preven[torn, illegible]
least appearance of Confusion, particular Mention will be made on each fortunate Num[torn, illegible]
on the Wheel what the Prize consists of. After the Drawing is finished, Care will be taken
to forward the Prizes of the fortunate, that are moveable, to any Part of the Continen[torn]
in such Manner as they may please to order.
|1 Collection, including Arcadia, &c.||£.250||£250|
|1 Do. including Wigton, &c.||150||150|
|1 Do. including Tirzah||125||125|
|2000 Tickets at 20 s. each||£.2000|
By this Scheme, it appears there is but little more than two Blanks to a Prize; which
considering the Number of large Prizes, and that the Whole is without Deduction, evi-
dently brings it on a Level with the best concerted Scheme yet offered to the Publick.
The Drawing to commence the 10th of June next (or sooner, if full) in the Town of
Alexandria. Tickets may be had of John Carlyle and George Johnston, Esquires, Mess.
William Ramsay, Robert Adam, John Hunter, Charles Digges and John Kirkpatrick, who
are appointed Managers, and have given Bond for the faithful Discharge of their Trust;
as also by Mr. Dekar Thompson, Merchant in Falmouth; Colonel John Champe, Mess.
Robert Jackson, James Hunter, William Scott, Charles Yeats, Charles Dick and Joseph
Donaldson, Merchants in Fredericksburg; Mr. Edward Dixon, Merchant in Port-Royal;
Mr. Neil Jamieson, Merchant in Norfolk; Mr. James Clark, Merchant in Williamsburg;
Mess. Allan Macrae, James Douglass, William Carr and Daniel Payne, Merchants in
Dumfries; Mess. Hector Ross and Alexander Henderson, Merchants in Colchester; Mess.
Robert and Thomas Rutherfords, Doctor James Craik and Capt. John Greenfield, in Win-
chester; Mess. Alexander and Andrew Symmores, Daniel Carrol and David Crawford, Mer-
chants in upper Marlborough; Capt. Thomas Francis, Merchant at Chaptico; Mr. John
Semple, Merchant in Port-Tobacco; Mr. John Baynes, Merchant in Piscataway; and by
the Subscriber. Joseph Watson.
N. B. Maryland or Pennsylvania Currency will be taken at 12 and a Half per Cent.
Advance to Virginia Currency, which is 22s. 6d. for 20s. Virginia Currency; and also
140lb. of Tobacco will be received for a Ticket.