The Virginia Gazette, no. 703, July 6, 1764

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The Virginia Gazette, no. 703, July 6, 1764



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July 6, 1764 No. 703
With the freshest ADVICES, FOREIGN and DOMESTICK

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AMONG the variety of lesser abuses which
have crept into our constitution there is
hardly one which is so disgusting to a
thinking mind as the shameful manner
in which an oath is generally administer-
ed, nor any thing more culpable than the very little
attention which is paid to the impressing a proper
sense of so great an obligation on the conscience
of the receiver.

When we come to consider the vast importance of
an oath, and reflect that it is the great axis upon which
every wheel of our constitution may be said immedi-
ately to turn, we must naturally lament the indifference
with which it is treated, and wish â more suitable idea
of its dignity was planted on the minds of the people;
this the more particularly too as it is chiefly adminis-
tered to the lower classes, who from their situation in
life, and the usual course of their education, have
little or no opportunity of placing it in a proper light,
and stand in need of every assistance that can possibly
excite a veneration proportioned to the awfulness of
the circumstance.

Ceremonials and forms I am apt in general to look
upon as idle and ridiculous, yet where they can have
the smallest tendency to the reformation of our man-
ners I think it would be extremely beneficial to the
community if they were introduced. In religious
affairs we know very well what an effect they have
upon every disposition, especially how deep an im-
pression they make upon the imagination of the vul-
gar. If therefore the administration of oaths in ju-
dicial cases was accompanied with something of a
religious appearance, I am strongly persuaded that it
[torn, illegible]
[torn, illegible]
happy [torn, illegible]
machination [torn, illegible]
from [torn, illegible]
their crime [torn, illegible]

I was [torn, illegible] novel lately, en-
titled, the [illegible] and adventures of Jack Conner, where
I met a story directly in point, which I shall take the
liberty of mentioning to my readers. A poor servant
wench at a country inn, having admitted a happy
lover to the heaven of her arms, in a little time began
to show some visible marks of her good nature and
condescension; or, in other words, grew pretty pro-
minent about the waist. The constable of the parish,
who was a vigilant officer, fearful that the child might
become a burthen to the inhabitants, after some pri-
vate advice to the girl, carried her before a worthy
clergyman who was in the commission, that she might
swear it to the proper father, whom she declared to
be one Murphy, an Irish young fellow who officiated
as ostler in the same house. The moment the matter
was announced to the justice, who happened to be in
company with a few friends, the girl was called in,
and the constable, in a very elaborate manner, began
to open the case; the justice then asked the girl if she
had properly considered the nature and importance of
an oath; she told him that she had. He then bid her
"take care; for if she swore to a falsehood the con-
"sequences might not only be very fatal to her in
"this world, but would probably endanger her ever-
"lasting happiness in the next." He told her, “she
"was that minute in the presence of an all-powerful
"and an all-avenging God, who would certainly
"deal with her in proportion to the regard that she
"had to her veracity, and that nothing was so de-
"testable as a falsehood in the eye of a being all
"righteousness and truth. That perjury was in itself
"a crime of the most atrocious die, but that when
"the effects were likely to ruin an innocent person
"if there was a more expeditious road to perdition
"than common it most be that."

During this admonition, which was delivered with
an air and an accent adapted to the importance of the
occasion, the young woman's face underwent a va-
riety of alteration; shame reddened one moment on
her cheek, terrour whitened it all over in another;
until at last, unable to stand the conflict, she burst
into a flood of tears. The sensible clergy man beheld
the tumult in her bosom, and taking a proper advan-
tage of so favourable a moment, took off his hat, and
ordering all the company to follow his example, knelt

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down, and offered to administer the oath. This was
a stroke which the girl was not prepared for; it over-
came her resolution in an instant, and she declared
and had over-persuaded her to lay it to the poor ostler.

I shall leave your readers to make their own ani-
madversions upon this story, submitting it to their
consideration, however, whether an imitation of this
example would not be highly necessary in the ma-
gistracy, and particularly in the courts of justice, where
an oath not only terminates our property, but disposes
of our existence too.

A dialogue between a GENTLEMAN and his Dog.
MASTER. WHAT, thoughtful sirrah, you do
not pretend to low spirits, sure!

OTHELLO. A little, Sir, at present. It is im-
possible to think of this damned world without grow-
ing melancholy.

MASTER. And, pray, what quarrel have you
with the world, Mr. Othello? I can allow a philoso-
pher, or a religious man, to complain of it, because
I then conclude the world has been unfavourable to
his interest or ambition.

OTHELLO. Will you give me leave to speak
freely, master, and not be angry with me?

MASTER Do my little fellow: I will not be angry.

OTHELLO. Then my opinion is, that mankind
has no right to complain of the world. If the world
is bad, consider, dear Sir, who makes it so.

MASTER. Hum! there may be something in
that insinuation.

OTHELLO. I wonder you never complain of
the world like others; you are not much indebted to
its bounty.

MASTER. [torn, illegible]
[torn, illegible]
[torn illegible]
[torn, illegible] Ha, ha, ha! excuse me, Sir, you
[torn illegible] man.

MASTER. Well; but will you be pleased to in-
form me whence your melancholy arises ?

OTHELLO. From publick spirit, master; a dis-
case common to all the barbers, tailors, &c. in Great

MASTER. Indeed!

OTHELLO. Indeed; for as to my private cir-
cumstances, your bounty and affection make me as
happy as any of my kind; and you will believe me
when I tell you my heart overflows with love and gra-
titude to my benefactor.

MASTER. I know it. Proceed.

OTHELLO, I am mortified, Sir, when I think
what my {species suffers from the injustice of mankind.
As if it were not enough to be despised and kicked
about by every unfeeling blockhead, glorying in the
dignity of human nature, to be hanged by the neck
in our old age by those ungrateful wretches we had
served through life with care and fidelity, to be cut
up alive by the damned merciless doctors in the bloom
of youth, as if all there, I say, were not enough, we
are daily loaded with a thousand unmerited reproaches,
and the imputation of vices of which we are entirely

MASTER. I do not understand you.

OTHELLO. Have you never observed that when
one would express an extraordinary degree of baseness
with the greatest energy, he compliments his neigh-
bours with the names of worthless dog, sad dog,
wicked dog, &c as if our specieș could pretend to
excel mankind in any thing that is bad?

MASTER. I confess that custom seems to me un-

OTHELLO. Then how often do you hear the
epithet of a stupid dog? Give me leave to tell you,
Sir, however meanly you may think of us, we are en-
dowed by nature with sense, reason, instinct, or what-
ever you please to call it, sufficient to direct us in the
pursuit of our proper happiness, and to accomplish the
ends of that station allotted us in the scale of being.
Can mankind boast of more?

MASTER. Not so much, I am afraid.

OTHELLO, Then, Sir; I have heard a man so
very shameless as to call another an ungrateful dog.
I am sure you must be convinced ingratitude is what
I and all my kind perfectly abhor; it is a vice entirely
human, with your leave, master.

MASTER. I am sorry for it.

Column 3

OTHELLO. Again, Sir, a fawning dog is become
a proverbial expression, to the great scandal of truth
and common sense. I challenge all mankind to adduce
a single instance of a dog fawning upon one whom in
his heart he despised. No; to show complaisance, to
neglect, or look strange on merit out of fashion, is the
prerogative of the lords of the world. Nay, master,
I think I have seen you yourself look complaisantly on
one whom I am sure you despised in your heart.

MASTER. Not often, I believe; at least, as
seldom as any one. But to convince you that merit
is with me the only plea, I assure you I love and
esteem my dear little honest Othello more than two
thirds of mankind.

Notwithstanding the singularity of the following story,
it is said to be matter of fact.

At a little village about 50 miles from London
lived an honest, but very poor farmer; he with
much ado kept his wife and three children from starv-
ing; thus content, and even happy in poverty, they
lived; until the cruel avarice of their hard-hearted
landlord was going to turn them out of their little cot
for a quarter's rent, though he well knew the season
had been very unfavourable for the industrious husband-

During this perplexity, he dreamed, if he would
go to a certain place in London, he would hear of
something to his advantage. He told his wife this,
but she looked on it as the cause of an uneasy mind,
and persuaded him from it until having [torn, illegible] it
twice again, he determined to go, [torn, illegible]
all the remonstrances of his wife; [torn, illegible]
[torn, illegible]
[torn illegible]
[torn, illegible]
his long journey.

The length of the way was beguiled [torn, illegible]the sur-
prising success he should meet with on his arrival in
the great merropolis, and though clothed in rags, and
only 12s. in his pocket, cheerfully prosecured his
march for two days, at the expiration of which he
found himself on that magnificent building, called
Westminster bridge.

He then inquired for the street that was to make
his fortune for ever, and easily found it. Now was
he greatly surprised, to think in so narrow a place,
and so mean inhabitants, that it would be possible for
him to attain his wished-for ends. However, he
continued his walk, backwards and forwards, for the
space of two days and a half, resolving; if possible,
not to go back without his errand, nor quit the spot
he had so often visited in his sleep.

About the close of the second day, a young fellow,
from a little hard-ware shop, asked him, if he wanted
any body in that neighbourhood, for he had observed
him walking about a considerable time; he long he-
sitated, at last told him it was in consequence of a
particular dream, that he should on that spot hear of
something to his advantage; the man listened very
attentively, and at length smiling assured him there
was nothing worth minding in dreams; for, continued
he, if I had not known better, I might by this time
have been digging in farmer Dent's ground at a little
village in Bucks, for a considerable sum of money that
lies under a pear tree in the middle of the garden.
This my friend, says he, I have dreamt 3 times over,
but as I have no faith in dreams, I shall never trouble
myself to go in search of it.

Scarce able to contain his joy at hearing his own
name and place of abode mentioned, he thanked him
kindly, and promised to seek no longer the vain pur-
suits of an idle dream, but would return to his anxious
family, whom he supposed by this time missed his daily

Fully possessed that this was the grand advantage
he was to meet with, you may readily imagine he lost
no time to gain his little cot, but so great was his
prudence, that when he arrived there, he did not, as
many poor people would do, directly divulge the
secret, but seemed quite composed and easy, rather
tired than otherwise, as may be imagined after so long
a walk.

However, the children were no sooner in bed, and
the neighbourhood quiet, than he told his wife the
success of his journey, and his determination to try
whether it was so or not.

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Column 1

Accordingly they sallied forth with pick axe and
spade, in search of this inestimable treasure; long time
they dug in vain, until the spade seemed to be stopped
in its progress by something hard ; this presently re-
vived their almost dying hopes, and they with diffi-
culty raised a large pot, with a copper plate over it,
and an inscription in Latin, which you may depend
on they did not understand; however, they preserved
it for the inspection of some scholars, who frequently
came there to taste the farmer’s good ale. A second
pot of the same kind finished their search, and now
rejoicing in their riches, they both agreed there was
something in dreams is that should be preserved.

The good woman spent the best part of the next
day in cleaning the money they found, which consisted
of old pieces of gold and silver, they then discharged
their inhuman lanlord, and purchased a farm well
stocked, in which I will defy the greatest nobleman
to enjoy more solid happiness.

One of the scholars came soon after, and explained
the meaning of the words on the plate, which was
When this is found, if you so will,
Dig on, you'll find one better still.

I know no better moral to apply to the above,
whether true or false, but that an honest industrious
man may always find a pot of gold, whether from a
pear tree, or the open field, is no matter.

WE hear several planters in this province have
gone this year upon raising hemp; and as
experience has shown that no place in the world is more
proper for it, there is good reason to hope it will soon
become a valuable and important article in our exports.
The bounty given by this government is upwards of
10s. sterling the hundred weight.

The last letters from the country of the Upper and
Lower Creek Indians are dated April 20th, and inform
us that those Indians have behaved remarkably well
to the traders this spring; they had received some
stalks from the commanding officers at Pensacola and
Mobille, which agreeing with those from the Superin-
tendent had been received very cordially. The fa-
mous Mortar, headman of the Oakchoys, was returned
[illegible] the nation, and seemed very well disposed; and
[illegible] his people to hold fast by the English, as the
only persons that are able to supply their wants, so
that our affairs in those parts seem to carry a better
appearance than they have done for some time. A
wise incendiary, nick-named Boatswain, a half-breed
[illegible], and a trader himself, had, by the
[illegible] impudent falshoods, attempted to create
[torn, illegible] and to let them [illegible]
[torn, illegible]
[torn, illegible]
[torn, illegible]Choctaws and Chicasah countries we learn
those [torn, illegible] are upon very good terms with each
other. The Chicasahs, agreeable to their constant
and tried attachment to the British interest, are very
willing to make war on the Creeks, if desired; and
our new allies the Choctaws make the same professions,
perhaps to convince us of the reality of their friendship.
The Creeks are very sensible of all this, whence we
may safely credit the accounts of their apparently
good dispositions towards us, and at the same time
promise ourselves that a steady adherence to the late
measures regarding Indian affairs will continue to pro-
duce some good effects already experienced.

Advices from the Cherokee country, of the 22d
past, say that some of the stories raised by the above
mentioned Boatswain had reached that country, and had
occasioned great uneasiness, in so much that the Lower
and Middle towns people were on the point of aban-
doning their settlements; but happily the falshood of
those reports was discovered. Tuskegetche had a
few days before carried a Creek scalp into Setciquo,
and the Chicasah of Toquo was gone out with a party
against the Creeks, to revenge the death of a relation.
All the Cherokee headmen continue to give the
strongest assurances of their attachment to the British
nation and interest. They have heard nothing from
the parties which, at the request of Capt. Stuart, the
Superintendent, went against the Northern tribes now
at open war with us, since they set out; but hope
they will do something worthy of that gentleman's
thanks and approbation, as well as their own coun-
trymen. The Cherokees still continue to solicit strongly
for an open trade; their Northern enemies are fre-
quently among them; and they complain much of
the hardship of being obliged to travel 150 miles to
purchase a pound of powder or shot to defend them-
selves, or kill deer for their subsistence.

A number of our faithful friends the Chicasahs were
lately at Mobille, who, besides what was given them
by the commanding officer, received some very hand-
some presents from the British traders settled there.
Yesterday John Stuart, Esq; his Majesty's agent for,
and Superintendent of Indian affairs in the southern
district of North America, set out for East and West
Florida, in order to visit the several Indian nations in
those countries, &c.

By letters from London, we are informed that the
duties collected at the Havannah, while it was in the
possession of the English, being for his Majesty's use,
are actually paid into the Exchequer, to be applied
to the publick service. The whole sum amounted to
about 180,000 dollars.

Column 2

Both English and Spanish Governours in the West-
Indies seem resolved to prevent all contraband trade
between the subjects of their respective sovereigns;
we hear of great strictness, seizures, &c. at Cuba, and
of a Spanish vessel being seized in one of the English

Extract of a letter from JAMAICA, March 17.
"On Monday evening last, about 10 o'clock, as
Mr. Francis Smart, at Passage fort, was washing him-
self, he was suddenly seized by an aligator, about 10
feet long, [illegible] fastened upon his thigh, and endea-
voured to drag him into deep water; but he, through
a quick presence of mind, running his hand down the
aligator's throat, and fastening upon some of the en-
trails, saved himself from being destroyed until assis-
tance was brought him, and he got into a wherry;
notwithstanding which, so voracious was this creature
become by tasting his blood, that he endeavoured to
seize him again in the wherry, and even got his fore
feet upon the side of the same; however, Mr. Smart,
with some assistance, escaped from him, very much
hurt in his thigh and arm, but is now in a fine way
of doing well."

Our advice from Carlisle, of the 11th instant, are
that the distress in the upper parts of that county in-
creased daily, the Indians being often heard yelling
and hallooing in their frightful manner, among the
hills, and through the settlements, dispersed in small
parties of two or three together; that they had fired at
several of our people, and some of them were seen
not far from fort Loudoun. That the country was
evacuated entirely, excepting 2 or 3 families, from
Shippensburgh to Loudoun; and that from the fron-
tiers of Virginia all their accounts were most melan-
choly, respecting the miserable situation of the inha-
bitants there, from the barbarity of the enemy.

And by a gentleman from Cumberland county,
since the above date, we are informed that Captain
Lewis, with a party, pursued and came up with the
enemy who lately did so much mischief in Augusta
county, .Virginia, when he engaged them, killed a
Frenchman and two Indians, and retook some of our
people they had prisoners; who told him that the
Frenchman slain commanded the party, that there
was another Frenchman with them, and that from the
22d of last month there had been 100 people killed
or carried off by the Indians, belonging to the govern-
ment of Virginia. He also informed us that Crow's
wife, lately taken by the enemy, had escaped from
the Indians, and was returned; and said the Indians
that took her and children were only three, though
their party did consist of five, but they imagined the
other two to be killed, as they has not seen them for
some time. That two of our soldiers, Shearman's
[torn, illegible]
with [torn, illegible]
them seeing our people [torn, illegible]
other not perceiving the soldiers one of [torn, illegible]
shot at him, and imagined he shot him through [torn, illegible]
body; upon which they went to their officer, and told
him what had happened, who sent a party to the place,
where they found a great deal of blood, and a bit of
fat, supposed to come out with the ball.

June 28. By a letter from fort Bedford, dated the
15th instant, there is advice that a party of ours had
been out after the enemy, whom they came in sight
of, and fired at, but could not come up with; and
that as the Indians were flying from our people, a
white boy they had prisoner fell from his horse, upon
which they killed and scalped him, cut off his head,
and left it in the road.

Extract of a letter from BARBADOS, May 23.
"Mr. Harrison, who, for his advances towards
the discovery of the longitude, has obtained an order
upon the treasury for 5000l. is now here. His time
piece, as he calls it, or watch, has succeeded as well
on his voyage to this island as it did to Jamaica; nay
I believe nearer, as he brought it within a minute.
He hit the island of Porto Santo exactly. And from
the certificate that Sir John Lindsay (the Captain of
the ship he came in) gave him, as well as the corres-
pondence of the observations the two gentlemen have
made that were sent out by the commissioners for the
longitude, it is judged that he will certainly be entit-
led to the whole premium on his return to England.”

Entered in the lower district of James river.
23. Hannah, Dougal Shannon, from Bourdeaux,
in ballast.

26. Nancy, Richard Wallace, from New-York, with
12 hhds, of rum, 13 hhds, and 20 tierces of sugar, 1 tierce
and 3 bags of coffee.

27. Neptune, John Eilbeck, from Whitehaven, with
European goods.

28. Patty, James Barron, from Antigua, with 70 hhds.
of rum, 8 tierces and 51 barrels of sugar.

29. Hope, Francis Peart, from Nevis, with 1 tierce
and 95 sirķins of sugar, 93 hhds. of rum, and 35 hhds. of

23. Charming Peggy, John Adams, for North-
Carolina, with 5 hhds. of rum, and 1 tierce of sugar.

26. Fanny, James Archdeacon, for Jamaica, with 13
barrels of bread, and 354,000 shingles.

27. Fanny, Abraham Dickinson, for Pensacola, with
35 barrels of tar, 25 barrels of turpentine, 1 barrel of hams,
14 barrels of oil, 25 barrels of flower, and 16,000 feet of

Column 3

27. Molly, John Bryce, for North-Carolina, with
2 hhds. of rum, 2 barrels of sugar, and 4 parcels of dry

29. Hawk, George Taylor, for Madeira, with 2100
bushels of corn, 180 barrels of flower, 50 barrels and 10
kegs of bread, 1 barrel of bees wax, and 400 feet of plank.

29. Susannah, Wright Westcott, for Antigua, with
2100 bushels of corn, 15 barrels of bread, 6 hides, 19,000
lumber, and 1 Negro.

29. Peggy, Andrew Lindsey, for Madeira, with [illegible]
barrels of flower, 2350 bushels of corn, 5350 slaves, 32
barrels of bread, and 1494 feet of plank.


YORK town, JULY 5, 1764.
ON Monday the 16th instant will be exposed to sale,
to the highest bidders, at my house in this place,
sundry HOUSEHOLD and KITCHEN furniture, also
a genteel new CHARIOT, with harness for four horses,
several valuable NEGROES, HORSES, CATTLE, &c.
The purchasers will have 12 months credit, upon giving
bond and security; and a discount of 5 per cent. will be
allowed for all sums exceeding 5l. The sale to continue
until all is sold.

As but few persons have taken any notice of that
part of a former advertisement I put in this Gazette, desiring
all persons indebted to me to settle their accounts before
my departure for England, I am obliged to make a second
application, hoping they will not put me to the disagree-
able necessity of taking methods which I am much averse

WILLIAMSBURG, July 6, 1764.
THE subscribers intending to finish their concern in
this city by the month of October, once more re-
quest all persons indebted to their store to make
immediate payment, to prevent suits. They have still on
hand GOODS to a considerable value, which they will
sell at a very low advance; and they propose retailing for
ready money at 100 per cent. for any thing above 10s

Six Pistoles Reward.
RUN away from Mr. Arnold Livers's, in St. Mary's
county, Maryland, the 23d of May last, an indented
servant man, named PETER ROSE, by trade a painter,
was born in Guernsey, speaks French, very bad English, is
of a middle stature, and dark complexion; had on a suit
of blue German serge clothes, almost new. It is thought
he will endeavour to get to Philadelphia, or into Virginia.
Whoever apprehends the said servant, and delivers him to
Mr. William Ramsay, merchant in Alexandria, or secures
him in any of his Majesty's gaols, will be paid the above
reward by him, or

[torn, illegible]
[torn, illegible]
[torn, illegible] and
[torn, illegible]
[torn, illegible] Magesty’s
[torn, illegible]

WHEREAS complaint hath been made to me by John
, that Augustine BROWN, his apprentice,
did on the 25th of June last run away from the shop of his
said master, in the city of Williamsburg, and take with
him, from the pasture of Colonel Philip Johnson, in the
said city, a gray mare, about 5 years old, and branded
on the near buttock IB, the property of the said Colonel
Johnson. He is about 5 feet 3 or 4 inches high, of a ruddy
complexion, sturdy and very talkative; knows a good
deal of his business, which is a blacksmith, and industrious
in making it known. He had on a pretty good claret
coloured broad cloth coat and waistcoat, with metal but-
tons, leather breeches, and a dark brown cut wig.

THESE are therefore, in his Majesty's name, to
require and command you, and every of you, in your
respective counties and precincts, to make diligent search
and pursuit, by way of hue and cry, after the said AU-
GUSTINE BROWN; and him having taken, to carry
before the next Justice of the Peace, to be dealt with as
the law directs.

GIVEN under my hand, and the seal of the colony, at
Williamsburg, this 4th day of July, 1764.
Whoever apprehends the said AUGUSTINE BROWN,
and conveys him to me, shall have 40s. reward.

And to be SOLD at the PRINTING OFFICE,
Buckner Stith's
On the Cultivation of Tobacco.
Offering directions to a young BEGINNER,
from the clearing and preparing Ground, to
prizing into the Cask.
*** It is not the sound, clean, good qualified tobacco,
that has glutted the market at home. Is it not the over-
topt, house-burnt, trashy, mouldy, stinking stuff that
has done the mischief?
[Price 2 f. 6d.)

Page 3</h5
Column 1

RICHMOND, June 26, 1764.
JUST imported from London,
in the PLANTER, Capt. McTAGGART,

At Mr. KINCAID's, Joiner,
MAKES all sorts of Dresses
for Ladies, Court Robes, suits of Close Gowns
and Coats, Sacks and Coats, Negligees, and Night Gowns.
Those who are pleased to employ her may depend upon
being served at the most reasonable rates, as also with the
newest fashions from London every six months.
*** PINKING done at 4d. a yard. ∥

To be SOLD at the house of Robert HYLAND,
fronting the south side of the Capitol, on Friday
the 13th of this instant,
SEVERAL valuable pieces of house furniture, consisting
of walnut tables, chairs, desks, beds, table linen, and
sheeting, mostly new; a new pole chair, and harness, com-
plete ; several horses, and cattle; claret, strong beer,
and above 300 gallons of fine vinegar; also, kitchen furni-
ture of all sorts. Credit will be allowed for all sums above
40 s. until the 10th day of December next, upon the pur-
chasers giving bond and security.

The said Robert Hyland hath assigned over all his effects
to trustees, to be disposed of as above for the benefit of his
creditors, who are desired to send in their accounts proved
to Mr. George Davenport, attorney for the trustees, by the
25th of October next, otherwise they will lose the benefit
of the said assignment; and it is further requested of all
persons indebted to the said Hyland that they pay their res-
pective balances to the said George Davenport, who for
that purpose hath his books in his hands, and is required
to be expeditious in collecting.

To be SOLD,
AN excellent tract of LAND, lying in the county of
Norfolk, and well known by the name of Sewell's
. To avoid prolixity in the description of its fertility,
timber, convenience to navigation, and the extraordinary
advantage which will accrue to the purchaser from the
fisheries in their several species, it is desired that whoever
has an inclination to purchase such a tract, would apply to
me at Mr. Daniel Moore's, in York county, to be acquainted
therewith. Tf DANIEL SWENY.

To be SOLD, pursuant to a decree of the Hon.
the General Court, to the highest bidder, at
Cumberland court-house, on the 4th Monday
[torn, illegible]
[torn, illegible]
A very valuable tract of [torn, illegible]
Court house whereon [torn illegible]
lived, containing about 406 acres [torn, illegible]
tation well fitted for cropping, [torn, illegible]
ings thereon. Twelve months [torn, illegible] the
purchaser, on giving bond and [torn, illegible] to the subscriber,
who will show the land at any [illegible] the sale to any
person desirous to view the same. The premises may be
entered on by the 25th of December next.

GEORGE III. by the grace of God. of Great Britain,
, and Ireland, King, defender of the faith,
&c. to the sheriff of Frederick county, greeting: We
command you that you summon Godfrey Humbert and An-
drew Weaver
to appear before our justices of our General
Court, at the Capitol in Williamsburg, on the 1st day of the
next court, to answer a bill in Chancery exhibited against
them by Peter How, Esq; of the city of Whitehaven, in
Great Britain, merchant, and Mess. Lenox and Scott,
merchants and partners; and this they shall in no wise
omit, under the penalty of each of them s.100. And
have then there this writ. Witness Francis Fauquier, Esq;
our Lieutenant Governour, at Williamsburg, the 5th day
of May, in the 4th year of our reign.

RUN away from the subscriber in Dinwiddie county,
about the middle of July last, a Virginia born Negro
man, named SCIPIO, about 38 years old, 5 feet 5 or 6
inches high, has a large bump on the top of one of his feet,
a scar on one of his legs, a great many scars on his back
occasioned by whipping, and a very down look. Had on
when he went away, an old check shirt, crocus breeches,
but neither hat nor shoes. Whoever conveys the said run-
away to me, shall have 3l reward.

STRAYED from South Wales, in Hanover county,
some time last April, a large bay mare, and a bay colt;
the mare has a blaze in her face, one or both of her hind
feet white, near 15 hands high, and branded on the near
buttock Φ, with a figure of 4 on the top; the colt is about
a year old, has a blaze down his face, his hind legs bend
in, but neither cut, dockt, nor branded. The mare be-
longs to Ralph Wormeley, Esq; of Middlesex county, and
I suppose she is gone towards Fleet's ferry in King William,
or towards Todd's bridge, in her way to Mr. Wormeley's,
where she was bred. Any person that will acquaint Mr.
Wormeley where the may be had, Mr. Benjamin Herdon in
King William, or me, shall be satisfied for their trouble.

AT the subscriber's plantations, in Fairfax county, there
are two strays, about 12 hands and a half high each,
both light grays, almost white. One of them a horse,
with a bob tail, and branded on the near buttock WO in
a piece. The other a mare, branded on the near buttock
X; posted and appraised, the horse to 4l. and the mare to

Column 2

TAKEN up, in Augusta, a small black horse, about 4
years old, and branded on the near shoulder G;
posted, and appraised to 2l 10s.

TAKEN up, in Halifax, a bay mare, about 4 feet 4
inches high, trots, has a small white spot on the inside
of her fore leg, a small slit and a piece cut off the top of
her left ear, and branded on the rear, buttock C; posted,
and appraised to 41. 10s.

JUNE 23, 1764.
PURSUANT to the terms of a subscription for erecting
a Stone Ford from the town of Falmouth, in the county
of King George, to the land of Mr. Francis Thornton, on
the opposite shore, we appoint a meeting of the subscribers
at JULIAN's ordinary, in Fredericksburg, on the 21st day
of July next, in order to choose a collector to receive the
subscriptions, and a committee to direct the carrying on

To be LET, to the lowest bidder, pursuant to an
order of the county court of
STAFFORD, on the
Saturday in July next, at Stafford court-
THE building of the county GAOL,
to be of brick, 32 feet long, and 20 feet wide; the
wall 3 feet thick, and 8 feet pitch, between the first and
second floor; to be arched over with brick, to prevent being
set on fire, and well covered with stucco; to keep out the
weather; the first and second floor to be laid with 4 inch
oak plank, the sleepers and joists 4 inches only asunder,
the walls to be lined with 4 inch oak plank, and a partition
of the same to divide the criminals from the debtors; one
chimney in the middle well secured with iron bars, also
the doors and windows of the same.

To be SOLD, and entered on at CHRISTMAS
A TRACT of LAND in WARWICK county,
containing about 150 acres, on which is a quantity
of oak and poplar timber. The terms may be known by
applying to Mr. DAVID JAMESON, merchant in YORK.

To be SOLD,
FOUR hundred acres of Land in Spotsylvania county,
about 20 miles from Fredericksburg ; for terms
apply to Benjamin Holladay, inspector at Fredericksburg. Also
400 acres in Amherst county, within 10 miles of the court-
house. And 200 in Halifax county, near Capt. Benjamin
's. The terms may be known by applying to me,
at Amherst court-house.

RUN away from the subscriber, in Charles City, 2 new
[torn, illegible] children
[torn, illegible] me, [torn, illegible]
[torn, illegible] according to their trouble.

HANOVER county, June 19, 1764
STOLEN out of the subscriber’s pasture, on Thursday
night, the 14th instant, three horses. One of them
is white, about 14 hands high, has a roached mane and
bob tail, branded on the near buttock D, paces and gal-
lops well, is a horse of great spirit, and in good order.
A dark bay, about 14 hands and a half high, with some
saddle spots, a hanging mane and bob tail, branded on
the near buttock ʘ, paces flow, trots and gallops, is in
very good order, but slack of courage. The other a large
sorrel, about 15 hands high, with a white face, white legs,
roached mane and bob tail, trots hard, is a colt of Silver
's, and was in a thriving condition. The said horses
were stolen by Hezekiah Bridgeman, and Thomas Dean,
who lately broke out of Henrico prison, and are gone to-
wards Carolina. Bridgeman is a lusty fellow, and has a
roguish countenance. Dean is remarkable by the loss of
great part of one of his ears, and is a very impudent fel-
low. Any person that brings me my horses shall have a
reward of 40s. for each; and the gentlemen at Richmond
have engaged to pay 20l on their conviction, besides the
allowance by law, which is 10l. for convicting of horse-
stealers. ∥ THOMAS WILD.

STRAYED from the subscriber, at Newcastle, the
25th of April, a bright bay half-blooded mare, about
4 feet 6 inches high, with a roached mane and bob tail,
and branded on the near buttock T; she was bred by
Major Thomas Johnson, near Louisa court-house, and seen
on the road to that place a few days after the strayed away.
Whoever conveys the said mare to me, in the upper end
of New-Ként, shall receive a reward of 41.

STRAYED or STOLEN from the subscriber, on
the 23d of April, a small dark iron gray horse, with
a roached mane and bob tail, trots and gallops well, has
a remarkable rising in his forehead, and branded on the
near buttock X. Whoever brings the said horse to me,
in Williamsburg, or inform me where I can get him again,
shall receive 15s. reward.

TAKEN up, in Lunenburg, a red and white steer,
about 3 years old this grass, and marked with a crop
in each ear. ∥ DANIEL WINN.

TAKEN up, in Amherst, a dark bay mare, about 4
feet 6 inches high, and branded on the near shoulder

TAKEN up, in Fairfax, a dark bay horse, about 13
hands high, 14 or 15 years old, has a slit in his left
ear, and branded on the near buttock I, and on the off
buttock W; posted and appraised to 3l.

Column 3

TAKEN up, in Goochland, a bright bay mare, about
3 years old, 4 feet 3 or 4 inches high, paces natu-
rally, is dockt, but neither broke nor branded; also a
black horse colt, about two years old, not well grown, has
a small star in his forehead and a snip on his nose, neither
docked nor cut, and there appears to be some mark on his
near buttock, but uncertain whether it be a brand or acci-
dental, as his hair is very long; posted and appraised, the
mare to 35s. and the colt to 20s.

TAKEN up, in Lunenburg, a black mare, about 4
feet 7 inches high, with a small star in her forehead,
a hanging mane and sprig tail, but no brand perceivable;
also a yearling colt, with a star in his forehead, neither cut,
dockt, nor branded; posted and appraised, the mare to 5l.
and the colt to 50s.

TAKEN up, in Amherst, a black mare, about 4 feet
5 inches high, about 10 years old, has some saddle
spots, branded on the near shoulder C, and on the buttock
B; also a bay horse, 6 or 7 years old, about 4 feet 2 inches
high, with a star in his forehead, his hind feet white,
paces well, and branded on the near buttock RS; posted and
appraised, the mare to 4l. and the horse to 3l.

TAKEN up, in Amherst, a dark bay stallion, 4 feet
4 or 5 inches high, about 4 years old, with a star in his
forehead, some saddle spots, and branded on the near
buttock IIʌ; posted, and appraised to 4l.

TAKEN up, in Hanover, a middle sized black horse,
with a star in his forehead, some saddle spots, shod
before, and branded on the near buttock HC.

TAKEN up, in Chesterfield, a gray horse, with many
dark spots on his shoulders, his mane close cut, and
branded on the near shoulder TC; posted, and appraised
to 50s. ES

TAKEN up, in Augusta, a small white mare, with a
hanging mane and switch tail, and branded on the
near shoulder IH; posted, and appraised to 4l.

TAKEN up, in King-George, a white mare, about 4
feet 8 inches high, and branded on the near buttock
FT; posted, and appraised to 6l.
JOHN [torn, illegible]

TAKEN up, in Hanover, a bright bay mare, [torn, illegible]
4 feet and a half high, with a hanging [torn, illegible]
long switch tail, two saddle spots, and branded on the [torn, illegible]
shoulder and buttock ʌI; posted, and appraised to [torn, illegible]
∥ JOHN [torn, illegible]

TAKIN up, in Bedford, a gray mare, [torn, illegible]
inches high, and branded on the [torn, illegible]
posted and appraised to [torn, illegible]
∥ [torn, illegible]

TAKEN up, in Suffex, a red steer, about 6 or 7 years
old, marked with a crop in the right ear, and a nick
in he under side of the left; posted, and appraised to 35s.

TAKEN up, in Dinwiddie, a mouse coloured horse,
about 4 feet 6 inches high, with a star in his fore-
head, a roached mane and bob tail, his hind feet white,
and some part of his right fore foot, and branded on the
near buttock resembling a blotched B; also a bright bay
mare, 4 feet 4 or 5 inches high, with some white in her
forehead, a hanging mane and switch tail, and branded
on the near buttock H.

TAKEN up, in King and Queen, a yellowish bay mare,
somewhat inclinable to a roan, about 4 feet 7 inches
high, 4 years old, with a blaze in her face, a hanging
mane and switch tail, and appears to be branded on the
near buttock IB; she has foaled since first posted, and is
appraised to 6l. FRANCIS GAINES.

TAKEN up, in Augusta, a black mare, about 13 hands
high, 6 or 7 years old, and branded on the near
thigh AB; posted, and appraised to 4l. 12s.

TAKEN up, in Buckingham, a bright bay mare, about
4 feet 6 inches high, with a star in her forehead, a
hanging mane and switch tail, but no brand perceivable;
posted, and appraised to 4l. 10s.

TAKEN up, in Amelia, a middle sized black horse,
with a star in his forehead, had on a bell, and
branded on the near shoulder I, and on the near buttock
C; posted, and appraised to 3l.

TAKEN up, in Orange, a light bay horse, about 4
years old, 14 hands and a half high, is a natural
pacer, and branded on the near buttock Ɑ; posted, and
appraised to 7l. 15s.

TAKEN up, in Caroline, a sorrel mare, about 4 feet 3
inches high, branded on the off shoulder DI in a piece,
and on the off buttock D; she has had a foal since taken
up, and is appraised to 5l. HENRY BURK

TAKEN up, in Augusta, a bay mare, about 13 hands
high, about 5 years old, with a star and snip, has
had her mane trimmed, and a short piece cut off her tail,
a natural pacer, branded on the near shoulder a T, and
on the near thigh F; also a bay filly, 2 years old, near 13
hands high, a natural pacer, branded on the near shoulder
P, and on the near thigh F; posted and appraised, the
mare to 4l. 10s, and the filly to 4l.

Page 4
Column 1

NORFOLK, June 5, 1764.
THE subscriber requests that all persons indebted to him
would pay off their respective balances, and those he
is indebted to would apply for payment, this Oyer court,
as a new co-partnership will commence in October next.

WILLIAMSBURG, June 22, 1764.
BROKE gaol yesterday morning, a small Mundingo
Negro fellow, named JACK, about 30 years of age,
who has been guilty of some robberies, and cannot speak
English; he is outlawed, and is supposed to be lurking
about this city. Whoever apprehends the said slave, and
secures him, shall have 40s. reward.

RICHMOND, June 21, 1764.
INTEND for Scotland soon.
ANY vessel intending from this colony for TENERIF,
or any other of the Canary islands, will meet with
part of a freight by applying to the subscribers in Norfolk.

JULY 20, 1764.
JUST arrived in James river,
from the Gold Coast of Africa, the ship True Blue,
Capt. Joshua Hatton, with 370 choice healthy SLAVES;
the sale of which will begin at BERMUDA HUNDRED on
Monday the 2d of July, and continue until all are sold.

THERE are now in Totuskey warehouse, Rappabannock
river, the following hhds. of TOBACCO, which
have remained there upwards of 3 years.
GF No---1169---1070---99
If the owner does not claim the said tobacco in due time,
it will be sold, according to law, by

At a GENERAL Court held at the CAPITOL
the 5th of May, 1764.
[torn, illegible], surviving partner of THOMAS
[torn, illegible] deceased, plaintiff,
[torn, illegible,illegible]DUNLOP, and JOHN WODDROP,
In Chancery.
[torn, illegible] defendant James being beyond sea, and not
[torn, illegible] entered his appearance according to the rule
[torn, illegible] the motion of the plaintiff, by his counsel,
[torn, illegible] the other defendant, who hath effects of
[torn, illegible]
convey away, or secrete such effects, until the further order
or decree of this court concerning the same; but that he
deliver up such effects, or so much thereof as will be sufficient
to satisfy the demand of the plaintiff, unto the said plaintiff,
upon his giving security to the clerk of this court for the
return of the said effects, in such manner, and to such
persons, as the court shall hereafter adjudge. And it is
further ordered that the said JAMES do appear here on the
first day of the next court, to answer the plaintiff's bill;
and that a copy of this order be, within 15 days, inserted
in the Virginia gazette, for two months successively; and
published, immediately after divine service, in the church
of the parish of Suffolk, in the county of Nansemond; and
be also posted up at the front door of the Capitol, in the
city of Williamsburg.

JUST imported in the last ships from Britain, and to be
sold by the subscriber, near the Capitol, Williamsburg,
a neat assortment of Goods suitable for the season, which
I will sell, either wholesale or retail, on very reasonable
terms, for ready money, or short credit.
I have hairs, and all sorts of materials of the best kinds
for peruke-makers, which I will dispose of at a very low

VIRGINIA, June 15, 1764.
INTEND to leave this colony
soon. ∥ JAMES ROBB.

WILLIAMSBURG, June 22, 1764.
I INTEND for England soon.

To be SOLD, on Monday the 9th of July, in
Caroline county,
ABOUT 300 acres of land, being the plantation where
George Wily now lives, adjoining Mattapony river
and Polecat creek, upon which is a good dwelling-house,
and all other convenient houses, with a good apple orchard;
the plantation is in good order for 5 or 6 hands, and the
land is very level, and suitable for grain, hemp, tobacco,
or flax, being of different soils, and first and second low
grounds. It will be sold for ready money or short credit,
which will be agreed on at the sale.

Column 2

FALMOUTH, June 13, 1764.
THE subscriber has just imported in the Cuningbame,
from Glasgow, a quantity of British OSNABRUGS,
4d. 6d. 8d. 10d, and 20d. NAILS, which he will dispose
of by the package on reasonable terms.

To be SOLD on three years credit,
A TRACT of land in Chesterfield county, containing
300 acres, with dwelling and other out-houses on it,
also apple and peach orchards; the land lies very conveni-
ent to church, court, mills, and warehouse, being about a
mile and a half from Osborne’s warehouse. The terms
may be known by applying to the subscriber, on the pre-

To be SOLD to the highest bidder, on Thursday
the 2d of August next, at Hanover court-house,
being court day, pursuant to the last will of

Patrick Belsches, of Louisa county, deceased,
A TRACT of land, containing 900 acres, more or less;
lying on Chickahominy swamp, in Hanover county,
well known by the name of Half Sink, great part thereof
being fine low grounds, very suitable either for hemp or
tobacco, is exceedingly well timbered with white oaks, and
has a plantation on it in good order for 8 or 10 hands, being
only 12 miles from Richmond town, and 16 miles from
Page's warehouse, and affords a fine range for cattle, hogs,
&c. The land to be entered upon the 1st of January next.
One year's credit will be allowed the purchaser, or longer,
as can be agreed on at the day of sale, on giving bond and
security agreeable to

with HARNESS for four horses. Any person
inclinable to purchase may know the terms by applying to
Mr. Andrew Sprowle at Norfolk, where it may be seen;
or to the subscriber at Boyd's Hole, Potowmack.

JUNE 19, 1764.
LOST yesterday morning from behind a chariot, in
my way from Williamsburg to Burwell's ferry, a
pretty large portmanteau seal skin trunk, containing ten
pieces of printed paper for a room, two yards and a half
of satin, two pair of kid mitts, a pair of black silk mitts,
two yards and a half of persian, six yards of narrow black
lace, one yard of broad do, three pair of cotton stockings,
six linen handkerchiefs, three pair of silver shoe buckles,
and several other things. Whoever has found the same,
and will bring it to the Printing Office, shall have a pistole
reward. ROBERT JONES, Jun.

To be SOLD to the highest bidder, on Thursday
the 4th of October next, on the premises, if
fair, otherwise next fair day, and to be entered

[torn, illegible]
A PLANTATION and tract of [torn, illegible]
of Amelia county, containing 200 acres [torn, illegible]
the name of the Butterwood Spring. As the [torn, illegible]
tion of the place makes most people acquainted with it, I
shall not condescend to a particular description, but only say
that it is so well situated and accustomed for a tavern that
it will rent at upwards of 30l a year, and has an orchard
of about 150 young bearing apple trees, and sundry other
kinds of fruit trees. At the same time will be sold several
good feather beds and furniture, with other kinds of house
and kitchen furniture, a small stock of cattle, and 5 likely
young Virginia born slaves. Twelve months credit will be
allowed, the purchasers giving bond and satisfactory secu-
rity to Mr. James Hunter, surviving partner of Mess.
Champe and Hunter, for as much of the money arising from
the sale of the land and slaves as shall be sufficient to dis-
charge the balance due on a mortgage to those gentlemen,
and then to Mr. George Davis for as much as shall satisfy
a debt and cost due Godfrey Young of Essex county; and for
the balance, if any remains, to

RUN away from the subscriber, in Northumberland
a stout large Negro fellow, named ISAAC, about
50 years old, with remarkable hollow eyes, knock kneed,
but very nimble and active; he is cunning, smooth tongued,
very dexterous at making evasions and excuses, and giv-
ing plausible reasons for his elopement. He is outlawed.
Whoever apprehends the said fellow, and secures him for
me, shall have 40s reward, besides what the law allows.

STOLEN or STRAYED, on Saturday the 5th instant,
from the subscriber in Williamsburg, two horses, one
a rusty coloured black, with a hanging mane and sprig tail,
the other almost white, with a roached mane and bob tail:
their brands, if any, forgot. Whoever brings them to me
shall have 20s. reward.
N. B. As I have lately observed that many horses ad-
vertised have no further description than their colour, and
very often the taker up neglects to mention the county he
lives, I should be much obliged to any person who may take
any horses near the above description that they would be
particular in describing them. And as it is customary with
many people, when they take up stray horses, to work them
until they become poor, and then appraise them to half
value, I hereby offer a reward of 5l. to any person that
can give me certain information of my horses being used
in that manner.ROBERT ANDERSON.

Column 3

LOST out of my pocket, on Sunday the 10th instant,
between Williamsburg and Burwell's ferry, a black
leather pocket book, containing a note of hand of James
's, sundry other papers, and about 40s. of paper
currency. Whoever brings the said pocket book to me,
with the contents, shall have 40s. reward.

To be SOLD, at Caroline court, in November

ABOUT forty Virginia born SLAVES,
consisting of men, women, and children. A good
title will be made the purchaser, who will be al-
lowed credit until the 20th of April, 1765, on giving bond
and security to

To be SOLD,
TWELVE hundred acres of good LAND,
lying near Falmouth in King-George county. Any
person inclinable to purchase may know the terms
by applying to Mr. Catesby Woodford, or the subscriber.

For London,
THE good ship TRITON,
Captain George Wilkinson, a
Prime sailer, British built,
and about 280 tuns burthen, now
lying at Holt's, on Pamunkey river,
will take in tobacco at 8l. sterling a
tun, with liberty of consignment.
Gentlemen inclining to ship are de-
sired to send their orders to the Hon. William Nelson, Esq;
at York, or to the Captain on board, who will attend all
convenient courts. Ts

the 5th of May, 1764.
John Ballentine, Ebenezer McHarg, and Anthony
, merchants, and partners, Carter
Braxton, Philip Whitehead Claiborne, Robert
Brooke, George Brooke, Laurence Battail, David
, merchant, Edward Pye Chamberlayne,
Thomas Pannell, Benjamin Grymes, Thomas Ste-
vens, Ferdinando Leigh, John Baird
, merchant,
Samuel Morris, William Craighead, John Robinson,
Esq; Charles Yates
, merchant, Alexander Wright,
and Peter Strachan, plaintiffs,
Thomas Usher, and Joseph Donaldson, late of London,
merchants, Thomas Moore, William Ramsay, Robert
Rutherford, Bryan Bruin, Nathaniel Welt Dan-
dridge, Thomas Claiborne, William Langborne,
Philip Johnson, Joseph Wyatt, Thomas Wyatt
, and
James Gordon, gentlemen, defendants, In Chancery.

THE defendants Usher and Donaldson being beyond
sea, and not having entered their appearance, ac-
cording to the rule of this court, on the motion of the
plaintiffs, by their [illegible] it is ordered that the other de-
[torn, illegible]
[torn illegible]do not pay [illegible] away,
[torn, illegible] the further order [illegible] decree of
[torn, illegible] same; but that they deliver up
[torn, illegible] thereof as will be of value suffi-
cient to [torn, illegible] of the plaintiffs, [illegible] the said
plaintiffs, upon [torn, illegible] security to the clerk of this
court for the return of the said effects, in such manner; and
to such persons, as the court shall hereafter adjudge. And
it is further ordered that the said Thomas Usher, and Jo-
seph Donaldson
, do appear here on the 1st day of the next
court, to answer the bill of the plaintiffs; and that a copy
of this order be, within 15 days, inserted in the Virginia
gazette, for two months successively; and published, im-
mediately after divine service, in the church of the parish
of St. John's, in the county of King-William; and be also
posted up at the front door of the Capitol, in the city of

At a GENERAL Court held at the CAPITOL
the 28th of April, 1764.
David Briggs, plaintiff,
Jonathan Sydenhamn, and Thomas Hodgson,
of the city of London, merchants, and
em>Peter Maurie, defendants, In Chancery.

THE defendants Jonathan and Thomas being beyond
sea, and not having entered their appearance, ac-
cording to the rule of this court, on the motion of the
plaintiff, by his counsel, it is ordered that the other de-
fendant, who hath effects of the said Jonathan and Thomas
in his hands, as is suggested, do not pay, convey away,
or secrete such effects, until the further order or decree of
this court concerning the same; but that he deliver up
such effects, or so much thereof as will be sufficient to sa-
tisfy the demand of the plaintiff, unto the said plaintiff,
upon his giving security to the clerk of this court for the
return of the said effects, in such manner, and to such per-
son, as the court shall hereafter adjudge. And it is fur-
ther ordered that the said Jonathan Sydenban, and Thomas
, do appear here on the 1st day of the next court,
to answer the plaintiff's bill; and that a copy of this order
be, within 15 days, inserted in the Virginia gazette, for
two months successively; and published, immediately after
divine service, in the church of the parish of St. George,
in the county of Spotsylvania; and be also posted up at the
front door of the Capitol, in the city of Williamsburg.

WILLIAMSBURG: Printed by J. ROYLE, and Company, at the POST-OFFICE;
by whom Persons may be supplied with this PAPER. Advertisements, of a moderate
Length, are inserted for Three Shillings the first Week, and Two each Week after.

Original Format

Ink on paper




Royle, Joseph, -1766, printer. , “The Virginia Gazette, no. 703, July 6, 1764,” Special Collections, John D. Rockefeller Jr. Library, Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, accessed May 23, 2022,

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