Special Collections, John D. Rockefeller Jr. Library, Colonial Williamsburg Foundation

The Virginia gazette. Number 417, Thursday May 5, 1774


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The Virginia gazette. Number 417, Thursday May 5, 1774



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All Persons may be supplied with this GAZETTE at 12 s. 6d. a Year. ADVERTISEMENTS, of a moderate Length, are inserted for 3 s. the first Week,
and 2 s. each Time after; long ones in Proportion.———PRINTING WORK, of every Kind, executed with Care and Dispatch.

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Mrs. RIND,
Be kind enough to give the enclosed a place in your next

To the honourable the POLITICAL COLLEGE shortly
expected to meet in consultation upon the EXPEDIENTS

WILLING as I am to presume, by your
constitutional election, your right to be
deemed as chosen from among the most
discreet of your several counties, agreeable
to the wisdom of that direction by which
your constituents ought to have elected you. I will
hope, nevertheless, that a cautionary hint or two from
a life quite grey with a constant digesting observation,
on every thing almost within its occurrence, will not
derogate from your discretion. Let it not, therefore,
occasion a reflection upon your wisdom, by any ill
favoured mode of reception.

Tobacco, possibly the first and most natural staple of
your climate, has been, and will forever in the nature
of things be, as fluctuating a vendible as any commodity
whatever; but as being a staple, on every fall of it in
price, I do suppose it has happened, that preferable to
all other things, your college, out of its great attach-
ment to the community, has, from a time almost imme-
morial, attempted to counteract, as it were, this its
fluctuability, though seemingly one of the most invaria-
ble intentions of nature, in all created things, and that
by remedies hardly adequate to any real cause, could
such a thing ever be discovered in these sublunary
changes. Now although this observation, generally on
all fluctuability, might be well supported by very just
arguments, yet as it may be incautiously carried too far
by some, even to the restraining of every human enquiry
into things, where the immediate causes are not quite
evident, I beg that I may not be misunderstood to mean
that any thing which does happen ought not to be investi-
gated for its proper prevention, either because it may
seem to be produced by nature, or that at first it may
appear to be out of the reach of human philosophy. But
I would hint, by the observation, that some things are
so involved with their concomitant circumstances, that
it must require as intense a study to unfold their causes,
and proceed to prevent or remedy them among the poli-
tical, as some disorders of the human body evidently do
among the medical tribe; for instance, the gout, and
that too sensible disorder in this climate called the irre-
gular quartan. These, however felt, are still so unknown
in their real causes, that the most judicious among phy-
sicians do always shew an unwillingness even to palliate
those severe symptoms which sometimes do attend them,
and perhaps for one of the best reasons in the world;
because nature, seldom to be charged with neglecting
to remove particular complaints, can never be easy under
the least interruption to her own salutary efforts, which
at the time she possibly may be engaged in. Certainly,
then, if she should determine gently to lead any morbi-
dity out at a swelled foot, a toe, or through the com-
mon draught, &c. none but some hair brained repelling
quack would venture to turn such an enemy back through
the stomach or head, as the fittest place for its departure.
And yet as absurd as this must seem to be, both to rea-
son and common sense, I cannot help thinking that it
has been almost a general practice, both on the political
and the human body. The Gothamites, amongst either
tribe, first resolve every flight tendency into an evil to be
removed, and of course intrude, in so doing, their learn-
ed somethings, and then propound their blunders, as a
remedy for that something, without a known cause. So
that had not nature been kind in her obstinacy to pursue
her changes and fluctuations, the public must have sub-
mitted to a different fate from what it has often happily
experienced long ago, as many privates certainly have
done. But, gentlemen, to fit my parrallels or compari-
sons out with as many legs as the late coursers of Pur-
die’s raceground seem to require, I shall endeavour to
explain my hint a little more, by reminding you of some
former deliberations, pretty similar to what you may be
at his period engaged in. On a like occasion, when
tobacco had fallen nearly to its lowest possible price, ever
to be exported by the labour of man, for the use of those
who do not make it, your college then deemed the cause
of that evil too riginate in the meanness of the commodity;
but upon what other principle than that of a common
presumption, that when things sell low they must be bad,
I never could learn; and if that was the principle, I
must say, that there cannot be a greater absurdity pre-
sumed, than that the lowness of the price sold at must
demonstrate the quality of the thing sold. Such a mode
of reasoning must particularly presume that every pur-
chaser and seller has a degree of perfectness in him, not
often to be fancied in any man quasi (as it is termed)
a buyer and seller, especially at 3000 miles distance off
from the principal. And may not the redundancy of a
thing at market be also a cause for a low sale? I ask this
question, because the same college, presently after, sub-

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stituted this very thing as the cause of another decline in
price, and with just as much reason as they did that of
the quality, as I believe I shall presently be able to de-
monstrate. Will not, then, the confining this observed
fluctuability in the prices of things, to quality and quan-
tity alone, operate as a good proof of the impropriety of
any interposition to prevent such changes? From hence,
then, I would deduce the difficulty that must attend both
the political and medical tribes whenever they engage in
matters, though really not uncommon, yet too much
involved (as before) for any but the most informed un-
derstandings to determine upon; and I hope my hint
intended will carry some conviction with it. I will now
endeavour to confirm it a little more, by shewing the
inadequateness of the remedies which have been pursued,
for the prevention, or rather relief, of these sensible, but
really sublunary changes, which do at times interrupt
our pleasures much more than they would if we did but
consider them so natural as to be expected, and only to
be guarded against, by what most deserves the appellation
of prudence, a forethought as to every thing that may
happen. In this particular instance, the meanness of the
quality being the cause concluded on, of the lowness of
tobacco at home, in order to amend that, a law was
enacted, that all the commodity to be exported should
pass the examination of certain judges called agents, as
conveniently situated as things would admit of. And
just as it often happens to the most unlucky practitioner
(at all other times) by having a constitution to handle
strong enough to outlive his blunders, the patient reco-
vering, in spight of every contrary effort, gives applause
to the doctor and his remedy; I say that law availed itself
much of a succeeding rise, though it actually happened,
in part, through a natural course of fluctuation, and
perhaps, it was assisted from some motive of real interest,
in another very presumptive cause of these low sales;
I mean by the merchants, who shall be considered out of
the conclave, since trade is seldom a just subject of legisla-
tion, for them to be introduced there, but when the
dupes to mercantile bondage are willing to indulge it
with heavier yokes than the constitution of justice gene-
rally submits to, in any other instance. The rise in the
price that succeeded was imputed to the effects of that
law, although it was at that time a well known fact, that
corruption, with its pleasing form of gain, did almost
instantly present itself to those very agents, with the
temptation of both private and extraordinary fees, that
were to be got by hiring out the stamping irons, of their
office to such as could pay for them; by which means
abundance of our spare brickbats, old grindstones, and
other useless rubbish, got duly to the markets, which no
doubt rose very fast on such notable proofs of amendment
in the quality of the commodity: Whilst the honest, but
indigent planter, became either obliged to submit his la-
bour (to give a credit to the law) to be condemned, or
to part with his commodity at an under rate to those who
could pay those fees. At that time enormity, ever at-
tendant on corruption, not so well versed as now-a-days in
the modes of disguise, grew with the temptation so fast, that
the wisdom of the day, taking into a due consideration both
the temptation, and the power to be deduced from the
law to effect such injuries, more than the simple punish-
ment of offenders in a few discoverable instances, that
the community might be no longer imposed upon through
a mistaken remedy, productive of a much greater evil
than that which the act intended to relieve, as all cor-
ruption, like the well known cancer, once established,
never ceases to branch out into most dreadful effects; I
say, that wisdom either suffered that law to expire, or
quashed it by a repeal. What would we not now think if
the same prudence in legislation should be but as active
in cases of similar inadequate remedies, which cannot
be proved to answer any other end but the propagation
of corruption amongst us? But this in its proper place.
Again, gentlemen, tobacco, according to its course in
fluctuation, fell in price, or, as we say, when the moon
is at its greatest fulness it changed; and how much is it
to be wished that we were but as well acquainted with
the real cause of the changes in tobacco as we are with
those of the moon, we might then possibly be satisfied
that it will continue to do so, either from the corrupti-
ons of human nature, or from some appointment through
nature itself, let ever so many tincklers, as the Scotch boy
told Whitefield, busy themselves to amend it. At this
fall in price, as there are seemingly but two causes amongst
us to be presumed, I mean the quality and the quantity,
the latter became the object of endeavour to raise the
price again; and though the mode of lessening the quan-
tity was really to be proved at the time, and is known
to be so now, as inadequate as possible to the purpose of
the presumed cause, to wit, the excessive quantity at the
market, yet as the price rose near the time of that en-
deavour, perhaps through its actual course of fluctuation,
or as before, more probably, through some conscientious
compunction of the merchants, foreseeing that their in-
terest consequent to such a trade, must, if the commodi-
ty was suffered to continue so low, be greatly effected;
but the law, I say, that was then made, gained the repu-

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tation of effecting that rise. I cannot here help urging
that the remedy, to wit, lessening the quantity, was a
very atracadabia, a mere thing of charm indeed, if ever
it should produce the least good effect on any staple com-
modity depending for its consumption, really upon the
luxury of the world; for whatever the encrease of inha-
bitants who make tobacco may be in America, yet the
vast globe besides must be equal at least in the encrease of
consumers. Therefore I beg leave to say, that however
convincing it may seem to be that the carrying a small
quantity to market must raise the price, the necessity in
for its consumption must first be presumed, or the
consumers, through luxury, must be prevented by the
price raised to. For though luxury, when established,
may become necessary in imagination, and those habitu-
ated to it may seem miserable without enjoying it, yet
if the commodity is ever brought all to one high price,
which is certainly the intention of both the expedients for
the preventing the two causes of its low price, presumed
to wit, amending the quality or lessening the quantity;
the needy pocket, I say, in the case of tobacco in parti-
cular, cannot supply the mouth, &ampc. for its indulgence;
of course then, by the bye, as to both these presumed
causes, quality or quantity, this argument must forever
hold good against either of them being either the cause
of a low price, or a remedy in any effect of them for a
low price. Is it not a pity, then, that there should not
always be brains, to digest it? Consider that it is a staple
commodity, which every body must carry to market, to
be consumed by every body, and not the property of
Tom, Dick and Harry, alone, to be consumed only by
a few. But to go on, the mode proposed to lessen the
quantity was as unfortunate to the purpose intended as
the remedy in view was inadequate to the cause presumed.
It was called by some a counting law, and by others a
stint law, and except in here and there an extraordinary
soil, and some such there really was, so constantly infest-
ed by ground worms that cut off every plant nearly, till
about the hottest part of July, when it was too late to
get any crop pitched, as the last time limited by the law
for counting then expired; I say this law did not in
the least affect the quantity made, so as to lessen it, but
it rather encreased it; for although but very few knew
they did so before, yet every body became ashamed to
tend less than the law allowed, which they had constant-
ly done before the law; so indolent were they, or rather,
so inaccurate in their guessing. Besides, thousands in
the country at that time, who had never pulled off either
a horn worm or a sucker from a plant in their lives, were
then made all shewn in the crops, so that as clear as fi-
gures could prove a thing, more tobacco was exported
when the commodity rose in price than had been when it
fell, and yet this very act was applauded as the reason
for that rise. Again, after a time, tobacco fell in its
price at market, and your college gentlemen, ever active
for the public benefit, without any very sensible delibera-
tion had recourse again to the quality, and like some
apothecaries, who pound up their old and greasy galli-
pots for testatias, or other officinal medicines, for a remedy
to that low price, they dressed up the old agent’s law, un-
der the title of the inspection or tobacco law, new vampt
the oath of the arbitrary deciders on the planters pro-
perties, but left it full as convenient to be broken as the
oath of an agent was, as Hudibras very judiciously, though
humourously, hints; and therefore the taking it became a
very commodious resource for revenge, particularly in
cases of affronts, either personally or judiciary given,
and in that new dress they gave the act a ministerial
uniform; for it not only ambled, butpreambled against
the frauds committed in his majesty’s customs; and to
carry on the allegory, they laced it with the true mer-
cantile nonso pretty, and indeed perfected for the trade,
amongst many other things, that which to be sure they
wanted, but could but rarely obtain, till the act furnish-
ed with an easy list of all the tobacco that was made
in the country; from whence it may be presumed these
venerable meetings have generated to settle the prices
here to be allowed for the commodity, and some other
most beneficial purposes to the country, in which these
traders, as factors, sojourn themselves into good for-
tunes, to enable them to know how to act the part of
the merchant at home, to which they generally most
decently retire, well versed in the arts to deceive those
whom they had been decoying into a good opinion when
here. This law has indeed indisputably obliged that
part of its intention; but how the presumptive purpose
has been served, that of keeping up the price of tobacco.
I must believe the present hour has sufficiently convinced
every body. But how has the poor planter been affected
during its long continuance? Like a sick patient injured
by his doctors, I am afraid he has very little constitution
left to keep him from starving, being almost ruined by
his expence and labour in getting his commodity to the
warehouse, to be inspected before he can pay a debt, or
purchase a necessary with it, and when there, for any
wry word, or dispute, ever so collateral, in danger of
being brought into mere indigency. And though, by a
new modification, quite unknown to the constitution be-

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fore the purchaser has his security by a view, to see
whether arbitrariness has done its duty in burning before
it, the planter, alas ! is without any mode of relief, even
against an enemy invested with the power of a fatal re-
venge. Clura & iniqua sors laboris indeed! Perhaps in
the first seating of a colony there might be such a col-
lection of indolence and vagrancy in the emigration as to
make it necessary, to oblige each adventurer to cultivate
such a quantity of corn for the general benefit; but
should such a law be continued in a more improved set-
tlement? If reason convinces us there can be no occasion
for it why should there be any occasion then for obliging
a man to make his other necessary produce better than
he may chuse? Reason, indeed, may tell him he may
stand a chance of a better price for it by amending it;
but I beg leave to say that reason must change sides, if
all the commodity is made equally valuable, in a staple
not necessarily consumed for the support of life; for I
think I have observed and proved that where a commo-
dity becomes too dear, the luxury or habit in using it
must die away; therefore such a reason for making it
better must produce a declension in its consumption.
Certainly the pretence of serving the trade, in purchasing
the commodity by this law, is below a serious reflection;
because the old way of every purchaser’s providing a re-
ceiver of what he buys must be a service more to be de-
pended on, and for this very reason, if no other could
be alledged, because the man employed must know, that
on the least deception or negligence, he would be re-
moved from his business, and that by the man, too, who
employs him; but as to an inspector, I ask what method,
short of a long, formal, public, and expensive, enquiry,
can remove him? And should he find an interest not to
be turned out, as his misconduct never can be but with
difficulty proved, and that but in some few instances,
what chance must the poor planter stand, who possibly
may be an evidence against him, when he must send his
commodity to be inspected by that very man, as being
very probably the most or only convenient warehouse to
him? Things which have been known to have really hap-
pened are always the basis to sound arguments. Again,
it has been asked, why patriotism has not exerted itself
in such instances of injurious inspectors? But if patriotism
cannot succeed in its exertions with legislation, of what
real consequence can it be to a community to make a
small private sacrifice only of a delinquent now and then,
could such a discovery be always and easily effected, to
compensate for a perpetual as well as general temptation
to injurious practices? Is the security of an oath now so
sacred as to be sufficient with any temporary terror against
temptations? Why was it not so in the days of their
predecessors the agents? Certainly the world is not better
acquainted with the nature of an oath now than it was
then, and I am persuaded that every experience must be
convinced, that in general an oath is not more regarded
now than it used to be. I have further heard it alledged
by some of your college, that there are so many laws so
good in themselves made since the inspection law, that
are too much connected with it to admit of a repeal of
that. Unhappy country indeed ! that can only tie their
beneficial laws to the stake of mere oppression. Pray with
what were the beneficial laws connected before the area of
the commencement of this oppressive act? It has been
also urged, that the expence which the country has put
itself to in making provisions for the execution of this law
is now too great to be laid aside. Answer this, gentle-
men, among yourselves, and explain to the world the
justice in continuing an oppression only because it has
been expensive, and I would ask the wisdom too in doing
it, when that very expence must also be continued for
the continued execution of the law?
(The remainder in our next.)


The Watt, Beusher, the John, Taylor, and the ship
Norfolk, from Liverpool; the Patuxent, Lusk, from
Glasgow, and the Betsey, from Barbados, are arrived in
James River.

We are earnestly requested, by a number of our readers,
to insert the following, as by making things of this na-
ture public may be a means of preventing the horrid
practice of duelling: A few days ago a duel was fought
between Mr. H—ll and Mr. I—n, of Petersburg, occa-
sioned by Mr. I—n inviting Mr. H—ll to an entertain-
ment, in the name of a gentleman, without any autho-
rity. Mr. H—ll fired his pistol, and cut off part of
Mr. I—n’s ear; Mr. H—ll was slightly wounded in the
posteriors, as he was wheeling. What is remarkable,
Mr. I—n’s wound has occasioned a somnolency and deaf-
ness, and cannot be awaked without difficulty, and then
it is with great trepidation.

This day the general assembly of this colony met ac-
cording to adjournment; but there not being quite a suf-
ficiency of members to enter upon business, the house
adjourned till the next day, when his excellency opened
the house with the following speech:

The SPEECH of his Excellency the Right Honourable
JOHN Earl of DUNMORE, his Majesty’s Lieutenant and
Governor General of the Colony and Dominion of Virgi-
nia, and Vice Admiral of the same, to the General
Assembly, convened at the Capital, on Thursday the 5th of
May, 1774.

Gentlemen of the Council, Mr. Speaker, and gentlemen of
the House of Burgesses,
HAVING had nothing in particular charge from his
Majesty to offer to your consideration, I have con-
sulted only your own ease in the time of assembling you for
the necessary business of the colony, in which I recommend
to you to proceed with that dispatch which the public conve-
nience requires.

Mr. Speaker, and gentlemen of the House of Burgesses,
I have not, at this time, any thing to require of you; but
I hope that your resolutions on the various matters, which
shall be the subject of your deliberation, may be influenced
by prudence and moderation.

Gentlemen of the Council, Mr. Speaker, and gentlemen of
the House of Burgesses,
My ardent desire faithfully to promote the service of his
Majesty, who ever evinces the good of his people to be the
first objects of his thoughts, will make me heartily concur
with you in all measures, and assent to all such laws, as
shall be for the welfare and true interest of this country.

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JOHN RANDOLPH, esquire, his majesty’s attorney ge-
neral, was this day chosen representative for William and
Mary college in general assembly.

Marriages. Mr. Isaac Quarles to Miss Southerland,
both of King William county; Mr. William Cowne to
Miss Betsey Quarles of said county; and Doctor Andrew
Anderson, of New Kent county, to Miss Betsey Burnett.

Died lately, Mr. Robert Yancey, rector of Trinity
parish, in Louisa county.

FRIDAY, May 6. This day the two following crimi-
nal received sentence of death, at the bar of the general
court, namely; Catharine Peppers, from Bedford, for
murder, and John M’Clure, from Orange county,
for horsestealing. And John Conner, from New Kent,
for manslaughter, Henry Bullard, from Isle of Wight,
for manslaughter, and Michael Wheatley, from Wil-
liamsburg, for grand larceny, were burnt in the hand.

Extract of a letter from a gentleman in Richmond, dated
May 5, 1774.
”This morning presented a scene inexpressibly shocking
and alarming. The fond hopes which we entertained of
a plentiful harvest, and the considerable quantity of fruit
which there was the greatest reason to expect, are now
entirely frustrated by the severity of the frost. The
peaches, apples, and cherries, are nearly quite destroyed,
and there is the most unpromising prospect with respect
to the wheat. Almost all kinds of vegetables are greatly
affected. In short, I do not remember ever to have seen
so deplorable a devastation.”

By a gentleman from Loudoun county, whom we can
safely rely on, we are informed, that on Tuesday even-
ing, and Wednesday morning, the frost was so very
severe, that the fruit there has shared the same fate, the
tobacco and wheat are much hurt, and that the corn,
potatoes, &c. are killed as far as the ground. This gen-
tleman adds, that when he left the blue ridge of moun-
tains they were covered with snow.

We learn also, that at King William it snowed very
smartly, and that the adjacent parts have suffered con-
siderably by the frost.

Accounts from Surry, Sussex, and many other places,
inform us of the like dreadful effects by the frost. Indeed,
we have suffered very considerably in this city, and in
the country for ten or twelve miles round.

On Thursday the 8th of April, Joseph Bryan, who was
employed as the constitutional post rider from Philadel-
phia to Baltimore, and was entrusted with 558 dollars in
a bag, directed to Mr. William Lux, at Baltimore, rode
off with the cash, and has never been heard of since.

HOB’s address to the mathematicians of William and
Mary college is this moment received, and will be insert-
ed in our next, if, upon perusing it, we find it merits a
place in this paper.

HAD the correspondent, who stiles himself a friend
to truth,
been really such, and not actuated by
secret malice, he hardly would have envied me the vindi-
cation of my character in your paper, from some odium,
I thought, might remain on me in the opinion of such as
should hear of the accusation, without knowing the cir-
cumstances, the avowed and real design of it, and not to
fix blame on the magistrate: But to shew his malevolence,
I call upon him to come from behind the curtain, and
prove his assertions that I was of suspicious character,
that I was not acquitted by the unanimous opinion of
the court, as they delivered them, that I had been ad-
vised my brother had no right to the negro, thought it
felony at the time of taking, and assisted him with a horse
and boy to carry her away; all of which I affirm, and
can prove, to be contrary to truth. I confess I was by
the court, on the day of examination, bound to my good
behaviour, upon a misrepresentation of my being con-
cerned in a fray that day (wholly unconnected with the
trial) at which I was only present. However, to this I
submitted, without murmuring, as I could readily give
security, and thought it no hardship to be obliged to
behave well. I hope this unknown scribbler will not
prevent my still passing upon all for an honest, as I am
now doubly an injured man. I am, Madam, your hum-
ble servant, MOORE BRAGG.

THE improved SQUARE of LOTS
adjoining the lots belonging to Mr.

E. DEANE, coachmaker in Palace street,
Williamsburg. JOHN TAZEWELL,
esquire, of this city, is empowered to sell.
If the purchaser, or purchasers, do not
pay ready money, his bond, with approved
securities, made payable to
TER, will be satisfactory. tf

Just imported, and to be sold by the subscriber,
A GENTEEL assortment of MILLINERY, in the
newest taste. Mecklin, Brussells, and minionet lace,
blond ditto, a variety of white and coloured silks, plain,
striped, and sprigged muflins, jewellery, childbed linen,
robes, ladies and gentlemens silk and cotton hose, Dids-
bury’s shoes, Gresham’s sattin and calimanco ditto, ladies
black and white riding hats, and many other articles.
May 4, 1774. J. CHARLTON.

THE ship Caesar, William Wetherald, master, bur-
then about 450 hogsheads of tobacco, now lies at
Norfolk, and has made but one voyage. Apply to said

*** On board of said ship is a quantity of Whitehaven
COAL, of the best quality, which will be sold very
cheap. Apply to Mr. Joseph Kidd, in Williamsburg.

THE subscriber, in Gloucester, has for sale, a few
hogsheads of good OLD RUM; also a few pipes
and hogsheads of OLD MADEIRA WINE, of the
London and New York quality.



THINKING this a very proper season for taking
into consideration certain matters in which the
clergy are most immediately and deeply concerned, and
finding several of my brethren, whose opinions have
great weight with me, to be very confident, that if our
whole body should be desired to meet, they would not
at tis time shew a general backwardness to honour the
request, I have come to a resolution of appointing, and
do accordingly appoint, the Thursday after Whitsunday
for the clergy to convene upon at the college of William
and Mary. When the day appointed comes, I hope
those who advised me to this measure will with me enjoy
the satisfaction of finding their expectations fully an-
swered by being able to assemble with a very respectable
number of their fraternity on an occasion which they as
well as I deem important. I am, with ardent prayers
for your real welfare, and the good of the community,
reverend gentlemen, your loving and affectionate bro-
ther, JOHN CAMM.
COLLEGE, May 5, 1774.

Just imported from LONDON, and sold by the
subscriber, at her store opposite the
in Williamsburg,
A WELL chosen assortment of the neatest GOODS,
consisting of fine thread and blond lace, white
sattin and lustring, blue sattin and sarsnet petticoats,
white ditto for weddings, sattin and queen silk shoes,
muslin, gauze, catgut, and wire, worked linen, ribbands,
plain and ribbed, silk, cotton, and threat stockings, small
ditto for children, patent net aprons, equal in beauty to
joining lace, silk gloves and mits, roles and curls, tam-
bour sword knots, boys beaver and hussar caps, ladies
riding hats, feathers, and whips, childrens sashes and
stays, a large quantity of Didsbury shoes, sheneel, fine
chip and cane hats, fans, cloaks, gauze handkerchiefs,
purses, bags and puffs, purl for work, tureen, pump,
and pap ladles, stone silver, gilt, and pinchbeck, both
shoe and knee buckles, paste, garnet, gold, and black,
stock ditto, India plate salts, ditto snuffers and snuffpans,
silver teaspoons, teatongs, and saltshovels, ditto coral
and bells, paste, marcasite, pearl, and bead, necklaces
and earrings, gold wires, silver bowed seissars, and silver
tipped sheaths, lancet cafes, watch chains and keys,
combs, pocketbooks, and etwee cases, freemason and
other broaches, paste sprigs and pins, tooth brushes, fine
Irish wafers, sword canes, and penknives, black bags
and roses, black pins, stay hooks, thimbles, silver shoe
clasps, fruit knives, dolls and other toys, with many
other articles too numerous to insert; all to be sold on
reasonable terms, for ready money only, by
C. Rathell.

*** At the same place may be had an exceeding fine
SILVER WATCH, capped, which runs on diamonds,
and a GOLD WATCH, with gold hands, and an en-
graved case.

To be SOLD, to the highest bidder, at Henrico court-
house, in Richmond, on Monday the 6th of June,
THE TENEMENT lately occupied by Mr. James
Buchanan, on part of which Byrd’s warehouses
now stand. It may, with convenience, be divided into
three separate tenements, one of which will include a
very good dwellinghouse, kitchen, smokehouse, dairy,
and a garden under good paling. The second will in-
clude a very good brick store, a large commodious lum-
berhouse, and the reversion of Byrd’s warehouses. The
third joins the lands of Colonel Thomas Turpin, where-
on are the houses now in the tenancy of Mess. Trents and
Mr. Powell. There is a good stable on this lot, and a
large new house that may, at a small expence, be con-
verted into a dwellinghouse, or store. The situation of
these lots, and convenience of the houses, will sufficiently
recommend them to those who view them. They will
be sold althogether or separately, which ever shall appear
most adviseable. Half of the money to be paid at or
before the meeting in November next, and the remainder
by the first of May, 1775. The bonds to bear interest
from the date, unless the agents of Mess. James and
Robert Donald, and company, should agree upon other
terms on the day of sale. Any person inclining to pur-
chase may be shown the premises, and know the terms at
large, by applying to Mr. James Buchanan.

*** All those indebted to the said Mess. James and
Robert Donald, and company, for dealings with Mr.
James Buchanan at thier stores in Richmond, Albermarle,
and Amherst, are once more requested to make speedy
payment; and as many accounts are yet standing open,
particularly at their store in Richmond, those concerned
are desired to close the same, immediately, otherwise
longer indulgence cannot be given.

THE subscriber intending to settle over the moun-
tains makes him offer his lands in Amelia for sale.
There are near 800 acres (a little more than 100 of
which are subject to a widow’s dower) with a very good
dwellinghouse, and all necessary houses, lately repaired,
with an extraordinary fine apple and peach orchard of
the best kind of fruit; cherries of all sorts. There are
near 100 acres of low ground very suitable for a meadow,
on which is a great abundance of fine timber. The
purchaser may know the terms by applying to Joseph
Eggleston, in Amelia, adjoining the said land, Richard
Eggleston, in Cumberland county, or the subscriber, in
the county of Frederick. WILLIAM EGGLESTON.

TWO thousand acres of exceeding fine LAND for
tobacco, wheat, or Indian corn, lying on both
sides of Bull Run, in Loudoun and Prince William;
about 300 acres of it are rich low ground and meadow land.
It lies within 4 miles of two merchant mills, and about
10 miles of two other merchant mills in Loudoun, 30
miles form Colchester, Alexandria, and Dumfries. If
any person or persons incline to purchase the whole
or any part of the said lands, they may be shewn them,
and know the terms, by applying to Capt. Francis Pey-
ton in Loudoun county, who has full power to treat for
the same, or to the subscriber. It may be laid off in lots
of two, three, or four hundred acres (as may best suit
the purchasers) with an equal quantity of low ground
and meadow land to each lot. ROBERT BURWELL.

Page 3
Column 1

THE treasurer, trustees, and subscribers, to the fund
for the relief of the widows and orphans of clergy-
men, collected last Sunday from the two audiences
25£. 14 s. 5d. for which they beg leave to return their
thanks to the generous contributors. On the day fol-
lowing they ordered 80£. to be distributed among six wi-
dows, and the orphans of four clergymen, and appointed
officers for the ensuing year, namely, the reverend Mess.
John Camm, treasurer, Prince Davis, Devereaux Jarratt,
William Eland, John Bracken, Thomas Price, and
Thomas Lundie, trustees; William Harrison morning,
and Robert Andrews evening preacher.

The clergy have a most grateful sense of the presents
of 20£. and 3£. 2s. 6d. from two unknown persons, by the
hands of the reverend Mr. Henley. This acknowledg-
ment would have been made last year had not the said
charitable contributions come some days too late to be
inserted in our last year’s advertisement.

To be SOLD, on the first Thursday in June, at Glou-
cester courthouse,
A TRACT of fine land, lying on Guyown’s Island,
containing about 420 acres. Twelve months credit
will be allowed, the purchaser giving bond, and good
security, to 1 THOMAS NELSON, jun.

To be SOLD, on the premises, on the third Thursday
in June, next,
THE very profitable ORDINARY, belonging to the< br>subscriber, at King William courthouse, with 600
acres of very valuable LAND adjoining to it. The place
is so well known that it is unnecessary to describe it, or
to point out the advantage of its situation, which is so
central that it is daily resorted by travellers from all
parts; so that it has constant custom. The ordinary,
and some small tenements on the land, have rented for
170£. a year, and are now well worth 200£. a year, or
more. The purchaser may have possession the first day
of November next, and is to pay one fifth of the pur-
chase money that day, and one other fifth annually after,
until the whole is satisfied. Bond, with good security,
for the payment thereof, must be given to the subscriber,
who will treat privately with any person inclined to pur-
chase before the day of sale. JOHN QUARLES.

A PLANTATION in good order for cropping, none
of the land having been cleared above six years,
with all necessary houses, quite new, together with 1500
acres of exceeding rich land, the soil of which is so good
that it will bring large tobacco for five or six years with-
out dung. I have made on this plantation above three
thousand pounds of tobacco per share. The place is very
healthy, and has a fine range for stock. This land lies
in the lower end of Buckingham county, near to Appo-
mattox river, on each side of Great Ducker’s and Mayo
creeks. Tobacco has been carried above this land near
to Petersburg by water, and last month, in the dry wea-
ther, two canoe loads of wheat were carried near to
Petersburg, and the canoes brought back; they were
loaded but a little below this land. I make no doubt
but Appomattox river will be soon cleared, and then the
expence of sending wheat, tobacco, &c. will be trifling.
Any person inclinable to purchase will see, by the produce
of the land, that it is exceeding rich. I really do not
know any better high land in the colony. This tract of
land is well timbered, and has excellent water on it. I
do not know a better place for a merchant mill than is on
Ducker’s creek. People are going much on raising wheat
in these parts, and a good mill would be very advantage-
ous to the owner. Also another tract of land of 126
acres, in Albermarle county, I believe about ten miles
from the courthouse, joining Mr. James Harris and the
quarters of Mr. John Winston. On this land is a small
plantation, a good apple orchard, &c. The land is
good, and my price so low, that I am convinced any
person who viewed either of the above tracts of land
would not hesitate to give the price I shall ask. Neither
of these tracts are under any incumbrance whatsoever.
A reasonable time of payment will be allowed.

To be SOLD, on the premises, to the highest bidder,
on Monday the 25th of July, pursuant to the will of
William Anderson, deceased,
A TRACT of LAND containing 394 acres, on
Blackwater Swamp, in Surry, within 8 or 9 miles
of Cabin Point. The land is of a very good quality,
and well timbered. There are no improvements, and
not above two or three acres cultivated. One third of
the purchase money to be paid on the day of sale, and
twelve months credit will be allowed for the other two
thirds, on giving bond, with approved security, to

FAIRFAX county, MAY 1, 1774.
RUN away from the subscriber, on the 24th of April,
at night, a convict servant man named WILLIAM
WEBSTER, a brickmaker by trade, about 5 feet 7 or 8
inches high, and well made, with short light brown hair,
and sandy coloured beard, rather thin; he is a Scotch-
man, and talks pretty broad; had on, and took with
him, sundry cloaths, among which were a frock coat and
breeches, of a yellowish or olive colour, without lining,
and almost new, with black horn buttons, a waistcoat of
white cotton, with black horn buttons, good shoes and
stockings, &c. Whoever takes up, and conveys the said
servant to the subscriber, shall receive FIVE POUNDS
if at the distance of fifty miles, and in proportion if it
is more of less, and reasonable charges borne. And as
it is highly probably he may attempt to get on board
some vessel, all masters and skippers are hereby cautioned

FINCASTLE county, to wit,
GEORGE the third, by the grace of God, of Great
Britain, France, and Ireland, king, defender of
the faith, &c. To the sheriff of Fincastle county, greet-
ing: We command you that you summon Francis Wil-
ley, an infant under the age of twenty one years, son
and heir to James Willey deceased, to appear before our
justices of our court of our said county, at the courthouse,
on the first Tuesday in next month, to answer a bill in
chancery, exhibited against him by William Calhoon;
and this he shall in no wise omit, under the penalty of
100£. and have then there this writ. Witness John Byrd,
clerk of our said court, this 9th day of June, in the 13th
year of our reign. * JOHN BYRD.

Column 2

CAROLINE county, April 30, 1774.
AS I intend soon to remove to North Carolina, I
shall be glad that every person who thinks he has
a claim against me would make it known. Those that
are indebted to me, by account, are desired to settle the
same. Mr. John Taylor, of this county, will finish the
suits I am engaged in; and any payments made to him
for me will be allowed.

RUN away on the 20th of April last, from the sloop
FRIENDSHIP, William Johnston Rysam, master,
lying at York town, MINGO, a stout well made black
negro fellow, of a down cast look, limps on one side,
Virginia born, and about 35 years old, has been used to
plantation work and going by water. Whoever will deliver
him to William Reynolds, esquire, at York, John Perrin,
esquire, of Gloucester, or the subscriber, at Norfolk,
shall have THIRTY SHILLINGS reward, besides what
the law allows. 3 MATTHEW PHRIPP.

RUN away from the subscriber, on the 1st instant
(May) a servant man named JOHN MASON, of a
dark complexion, short dark hair, about 5 feet 10 inches
high, has lately had a cut over one of his eyes, supposed
to be the left, and is by trade a perukemaker; had on a
dark blue coat, striped waistcoat, white breeches, and
pale blue stockings. Whoever secures the said servant,
so that I get him again, shall receive 40s. and if delivered
to me, in Norfolk, 3£. DAVID REYNOLDS.

TAKEN up in Fincastle, a black mare, about seven
years old, branded on the near shoulder A, with
4 white feet, and a blaze in her face, paces, is hipshot,
and about 13 hands 3 inches high. Posted and ap-
praised to 7£. JAMES DAVIS.

TAKEN up, in Fincastle, a sorrel horse, 4 years old,
13 hands and an inch high, with a white mane and
tail, his fore legs from the knees down almost white, and
the hoofs of his fore feet twist inwards, has a star in his
forehead, a small snip on his nose, branded on the near
jaw T, and has a bell on, with a leather collar and dou-
ble buckle. Posted, and appraised to 4£. 5s.

TAKEN up in Lunenburg, a bay horse, about 9
years old, branded on the near buttock SH, and
about 4 feet 10 inches high. Posted, and appraised to

TAKEN up in Lunenburg, a small roan sorrel
mare, about 4 feet 1 inch high, branded on the
near shoulder and buttock D, has a large blaze in her
face, her two hind feet white up to her hams, appears
to be about 10 or 12 years old, with a hanging mane
and switch tail. Posted, and appraised to 3£. 10s.

THE printer hereof having lately considerably en-
larged her paper, and expecting shortly an elegant
set of types from London, of a much smaller size than
those used at present, together with all other materials
relative to the printing business, and being extremely
desirous of supporting the dignity of her gazette, and
keeping it at a fixed standard, earnestly requests, that in
order to maintain it on this footing, those who may please
to favour her with their commands will be punctual in
their payments, either to send cash, or settle at the next
general court after she receives their orders. Pay for
the paper she by no means requires at the above stated
periods; to remit that yearly will be sufficient, at which
time she hopes none of her subscribers will neglect her.
But advertisements, blanks, and many other kinds of
printing work, she ardently hopes, may be discharged
at the general courts, which will enable her the better
to carry on her paper with that spirit which is so ne-
cessary to such an undertaking. To those who have
hitherto obliged me with their custom I return my most
grateful thanks; as a recompence, it shall ever be parti-
cularly my care to give satisfaction, should the public
business be continued with me, whereby I may make a
tolerable provision for myself and children. I am the
public’s most obliged and very humble servant,

TREASURY OFFICE, April 26, 1774.
IT having been represented to me that doubts are en-
tertained in several parts of the country of the
goodness of some of the treasury notes of the last emissi-
on, because there are found double numbers of some of
the bills, I think it necessary to inform the public that
the upper number of each bill only denotes the number
of the book out of which it was taken, and that the
lower number shews the series of the bill; both of which
are of singular use to the treasury, where the original
books, with their counter checks, are carefully preserved.
The paper on which the money was impressed consisted
of single slips, each containing two bills. Fifty of these
slips were bound in separate books, which were numbered
from book 1 to 78 inclusive; so that of the notes in cir-
culation there may be found one hundred, whose upper
numbers are the same, though the lower numbers are
all different. The manner in which it was proposed to
fill up these bills was explainend and universally approved
at the last session of assembly, and I did not suppose the
smallest doubts could arrive in any part of the country.
I have endeavoured to trace every report that has been
circulated to the prejudice of the new money, and can
truely declare that I have not the least reason to suspect
that any of it has been counterfeited. I will not pre-
sume to say it is impossible to be done, but am hopeful
that the great difficulties which must attend it have dis-
couraged even an attempt. These bills, however, will
be very speedily called in; and I am persuaded that all
doubts and scruples will be effectually removed.
2 RO. C. NICHOLAS, Treasurer.

A CANDID refutation of the heresy imputed by
Ro. C. Nicholas, esquire, to the reverend S. Hen-
SOLD at both printing offices. Price 2s. 6d.

WHEREAS Mr. Kemp Plummer, and Mr. William
Plummer, junior, have conveyed away ten NE-
GROES, belonging to the estate of major Kemp Plum-
mer, deceased, consisting of men, women, and children,
which said negroes they have no right to, this is to
forewarn the public from purchasing any of them.
3 GEORGE W. PLUMMER, executor.

Column 3

A VALUABLE tract of land, lying in the lower end
of Amherst county, on James River, containing
upwards of 1000 acres, nearly adjoining the lands of
Doctor William Cabell, running near three miles on
the river, with an island adjacent, containing between
30 and 40 acres, to be sold with or without the said
tract. There is a plantation hereon in good order for
cropping, and sufficient for 10 or 12 hands; also a white
shad fishery, and a remarkable natural fishpond, with a
plenty of limestone for building. Any person in-
clinable to purchase may know the terms by applying to
the subscriber, in Henrico, who is one of the trustees of
Mr. John Howard. 3 THOMAS PROSSER.

To be SOLD, by the subscriber, at Stafford courthouse,
on the 2d Monday in June next, if fair, otherwise the
first fair day,
THREE tracts of land, adjoining each other, and
lying in Stafford county, on Potowmack creek;
on one of which is a very commodious tavern, and other
necessary houses, garden, &c. within a few yards of the
courthouse. The situation is very advantageous for a
publican’s business, and remarkable for fish and fowl.
Fifteen acres of the land were laid down in timothy about
four years ago, and there are near 40 acres of marsh,
which might be easily reclaimed, and at a small expence.
Terms will be made known on the day of sale.
5 GEORGE DENT, junior.

FOR sale, by the subscriber in Hanover town, at a
low advance, for ready money, or on short credit,
GERMAN OZNABRIGS, ROLLS and several bales

TAKEN up, in King and Queen county, a sorrel
horse, about 4 feet 7 inches high, appears to be
about 5 years old, has a snip on his nose, no brand per-
ceivable, trots and gallops, and appraised to 12£.

WILLIAMSBURG, April 26, 1774.
THE subscriber being under a necessity of returning
to England the ensuing summer, will sell off his
remaining STOCK of GOODS at a low advance to a
wholesale purchaser; and desires all persons indebted to
him to pay off their respective balances immediately, that
his affairs may be properly adjusted before his departure.

NORFOLK, April 21, 1774.
NOTICE is hereby given, that a number of vessels
will be wanted this summer to bring about 6000
tons of stone from Mr. Brooke’s quarry, on Rappahan-
nock, and land the same on Cape Henry, for the light-
house. Any person inclinable to engage in such work
are desired to treat with Matthew Phripp, Paul Loyall,
and Thomas Newton, junior, esquires. The directors
of the lighthouse will also be glad to purchase one or
two flat bottomed vessels from 80 to 120 tons burthen.

RUN away from the subscriber, in Sussex, the 16th
of February last, a negro man named JAMES,
about 22 years of age, of a yellowish complexion, 5 feet
2 or 3 inches high; had on, and took with him, a old
hat, a fearnought jacket of a purple colour, a mixed
yarn jacket without sleeves, and something longer than
the other, a striped Virginia cloth shirt, with six white
ones, and two of blue, negro cotton breeches, with a
green streak across the fore parts, a pair of old shoes,
and negro cotton boots. Any person that will bring the
said slave to the subscriber shall have five pounds, if
taken out of the colony, and forty shillings if taken in
Virginia. 3 THOMAS HUSON.

COMMITTED to the gaol of Charles City, on
Saturday the 16th instant (April) a lusty negro
woman, who says her name is Peggy Wilson, 5 feet 7
inches high, formerly belonged to one Richard Hunt, on
Roanoke, by him sold to David Taylor, of York county,
and purchased of said Taylor by one Peyton, for the
use of Mr. John Tabb, in Amelia. The owner is desired
to pay charges, and take her away.
3 STITH GREGORY, gaoler.

TAKEN up, in Cumberland, near the lower bridge,
on Williss’s creek, a bright bay mare, about 4 feet
6 inches high, supposed to be 3 or 4 years old, not dock-
ed, both hind feet white, has a few white hairs in her
forehead, and branded : on the near buttock. Posted
and appraised to 9£. * DRURY WOODSON.

A VALUABLE tract of LAND in Kingston parish,
Gloucester county, containing 500 acres, lying on
a large creek which makes out of East river, a fine place
for fish and oysters; there is land cleared sufficient for six
hands, an overseer’s house and other out buildings; the
uncleared land abounds with a great quantity of white
oak and pine timber, the timber supposed, by good
judges, to be worth 1000£.

WILLIAMSBURG,April 20, 1774.
BY order of his Excellency in council, I hearby give
notice to all concerned, that those officers and soldiers
who served in the late war as RANGERS, or as part
of the militia, will not, as such, be allowed, in future,
any land under his Majesty’s proclamation in OCTOBER
1763; but those only who were either in the regular
service, or else in some provincial regiment.


TREASURY OFFICE, April 10, 1774.
THE several Inspectors, and all other
Persons whatever, who are in Arrear
to the Treasury, are desired to discharge
their respective Balances in the Course of
this present Court,
without fail, as no In-
dulgencies can be given.

RO. C. Nicholas, Treasurer.

NOW at my house, in YORK, a tall, slim, young
negro fellow, who says his name is CHARLES,
and that he belongs to William Franklin. The owner
is desired to take him away, and pay the expence of this

Page 4
Column 1

HANOVER, March24, 1774.
I SOME time ago purchased a tract of land, in Spot-
syvania county, of one Joseph Herndon, and have
paid him all the consideration money except 100£. which
becomes due in April next, for which said Herndon has
has my bond, with Mr. Garret Minor security; these are
therefore to forewarn any person from taking an assign-
ment of said bond, as I am assured he cannot make me
a good title to the land. 3 AARON FOUNTANE.

And to be ENTERED upon at CHRISTMAS next,
A VERY valuable tract of LAND in King William
county, on Pamunkey river, adjoining the land of
the late Mr. John Smith, of Hanover county, deceased,
containing 800 acres, more or less, the soil is very rich
and exceedingly well adapted for wheat, corn or tobacco,
particularly the first and second, being low grounds;
and there is a considerable quantity of high grounds.
It has plenty of good pine and oak timber upon it, con-
venient houses, and is in good order for cropping, is
about two miles from Hanover town, and very convenient
to church and two mills. Any person inclinable to pur-
chase may be shewn the land by applying to Mr. Christo-
pher Taliaferro, or Mr. William Jones, who resides near
the same, and the terms may be also known by applying
to these gentlemen, or to the subscriber.

To be SOLD, to the highest bidder, at Goochland court-
house, on Monday the 20th of June, being court day,
A TRACT of rich, well timbered LAND, lying
opposite to Elk Island, in Goochland county, be-
longing to the estate of Mr. John Smith, deceased, con-
taining 2000 acres, which will be put up in four separate
lots. Likewise a tract containing between 3 and 400
acres, lying on both sides of the Little Bird creek, near
the head thereof, in the aforesaid county. Those lands
having been fully described in a former advertisement
renders it unnecessary here. The time of payment will
be made known on the day of sale, and bonds, with good
security, required of the purchasers.

*** The purchasers at the different sales of the negroes
and personal estate of Joseph and John Smith, deceased,
are desired to take notice, that their bonds will in a very
short time become payable, and that no indulgence can
or will be allowed to any person. I shall constantly at-
tend at the county courts of Henrico and Hanover, and
the meeting of merchants in Williamsburg, in order to
receive payment. Those who have open accounts on
the books of John Smith, deceased, are once more re-
quested to come and settle.

FOR SALE, and to be seen in Williamsburg, from
the first of May and for some time after, the high
blooded horse MASTER STEPHEN; he is young,
strong, and large, has a good bottom, and runs fast.
Whoever may be inclinable to know his pedigree, or to
see him, may be satisfied by applying to Philip. L. Lee
at his house in Williamsburg. 3

RUN away from the subscriber, near the south branch
of Meherrin river, in Mecklenburg, on Christmas
day last, a large negro man named BOB, Virginia born,
is very sensible, about 5 feet 9 inches high, 26 years old,
has bad teeth, and a small mark on his upper lip, his
forehead, which is fleshy, bears much over his eyes, and
makes a dent in his nose, joining his forehead, had, when
he went way, a large head of hair, combed up high
before, and part of his hair grew from his ears down his
face to his neck, has a strong, hoarse voice, is a little
bow legged, and his feet are large; he had good cloaths,
which I expect he will change. I imagine he will en-
deavour to pass for a free man, and procure a pass.
He can make shoes, and play on the fiddle, and is fond
of singing with it. He took with him a sorrel mare,
which I suppose he would part with. All owners or
masters of vessels are forewarned from taking him on
board. I will give TEN POUNDS to any one that will
deliver him to me.

RUN away, or stolen, from the subscriber, in Pitt-
sylvania county, about the last day of February past,
a negro man named GUY, has been in the country
about two years, speaks very broken, is about five feet
ten or eleven inches high, had on a Monmouth cap, a
pair of country made shoes, and yarn hose, old shirt,
jacket, and breeches, and has a scar on his breast; he
makes use of tobacco in the snuffing way. Any person
that will bring the said slave to me, or to Daniel Han-
kins, in the county aforesaid, shall receive FIVE
POUNDS, besides what the law allows.

TAKEN up, in Gloucester county, a brindle steer,
near three years old, marked with a swallowfork
in the right ear, and a crop in the left. Posted, and
appraised to 1£. 10s. * JOHN FOX.

TAKEN up, on Dan river, in Halifax county, a
small black horse, six or seven years old, with a
small star in his forehead, roached main, branded on the
off buttock O, about four feet six inches high, and is
appraised to 7£.

TAKEN up, in Lunenburg, on Nottaway river, a
sorrel horse, 4 feet 3 inches high 5 years old,
and branded on the near buttock [=. Posted, and apprais-
ed to 4£. 10s. * THOMAS CHAMBERS.

TAKEN up, in Mecklenburg, a small bay mare,
well made, with a star in her forehead, some
saddle spots, branded on the off bottock V, part of her
mane roached, and part hanging to the off side; she has
a long sprig tail, and is about sixteen years old. Posted,
and appraised to 2£. 10s. * JOHN TABB.

TAKEN up, on Island Creek, in Bedford, a blue
roan horse colt, about 2 years old, 4 feet 2 inch-
es high, but neither docked nor branded. Posted, and
appraised to 2£. 10 s.

TAKEN up, on Island Creek, in Bedford, a bright
bay horse colt, about 3 years old, 4 feet 3 inches
high, one hind foot white, but neither docked nor
branded. Posted, and appraised to 3£.

Column 2

TAKEN up, on Island Creek, in Bedford, a smal
black mare, about 5 years old, 4 feet 5 inches
high, with a large star in her forehead, her near hind
foot white, and docked and branded on the near buttock
F. Posted, and appraised to 6£.

The noted HORSE
WILL stand this SEASON at my plantation, on the
north side of Roanoke river, about 15 miles above
Halifax town, and will cover at three pounds for the season,
thirty shillings the leap, or five pounds to ensure. I
shall take all possible care to any mares that may be left
with me; but will not be liable for any that may get
away. 3* EATON HAYNES.

The noted swift HORSE
(now, perhaps, the fattest horse in VIRGINIA)
STANDS at my house, in the lower end of Caroline
county, and covers mares this season at 2&pound. 10s.
good pasturage, gratis, and great care taken of the mares,
but will not be answerable for any that may get away.
TRISTRAM SHANDY was got by Morton’s Traveller,
his dam by Janus, out a very fine English mare.

TO be sold by the subscriber, at his sawmill, near
Aylett’s warehouse, on Mattapony river, upon the
most reasonable terms, and of the following kinds, viz.
white oak, black walnut, sweet gum, ash, poplar, birch
(which makes elegant furniture) best yellow heart pine
for flooring (and clear of heart and sap, if required)
common high land, and slash ditto, for other uses. A
reasonable credit will be allowed, or European or West
India goods received in payment. I shall prepare several
sets of plank and scantling for erecting Hobday’s wheat
machines, which, or any other kind of plank or scant-
ling, I can send to Norfolk, or to any part of York river.
Orders, which may come by the post to the postoffice at
Aylett’s, will be duly complied with. I have also for
sale a quantity of excellent MADEIRA WINE, of the
London and New York qualities, in hogsheads and
quarter casks, on twelve months credit, and will receive
corn or wheat in payment.

To be SOLD, together or in parcels,
THAT fertile and well timbered tract of LAND,
in Princess Anne county, known by the name
of GIBBS’S WOODS, whereon are several settlements,
and whereof Jeremiah Tinker, esquire, grandson of the
late governor Gibbs now stands seized, under the deed
of gift of his mother, the daughter and heiress of the
said governor Gibbs. Persons inclining to purchase may
be informed of the terms by applying to Mr. James
Parker, merchant in Norfolk, or to Edward Foy, in
Williamsburg, who will give any undoubted title. tf

WILLIAMSBURG, March 1, 1774.
THE several sheriffs in arrear for his Majesty’s
quitrents are requested to make full payment at the
April court; and as it is my duty to enforce a
speedy collection of this revenue, it is hoped that those
against whom judgments have been already obtained will
attend to this notice.


STANDS at Rosegill, and will cover mares at FOUR
POUNDS the season. Those who send mares must
send the money, otherwise they shall not be left. The
valuable qualities, and the pedigree, of this horse, are
sufficiently notorious.

A FULL blooded horse, by FRARNOUGHT, out of
an imported mare, will stand this season at Mr.
Richard Taylor’s, near Petersburg, to cover mares, at
POUNDS the season, payable in October next. Those
gentlemen who are inclined to send mares may be assured
that the greatest care will be taken of them; but I will
not be answerable for any that shall get away.

To be SOLD, and entered upon immediately
A TRACT of LAND containing 1300 acres, more
or less, on Pianketank river, in Gloucester county.
It is needless to be particular about it as it is the same I
advertised last year and then gave a full account of it,
since then I sold it to John Attway Clarke, of Maryland,
but as he refuses to take it, necessity obliges me once more
to offer it to the public. Any person inclinable to pur-
chase may know the terms by applying to me in Mid-
dlesex. I want part of the money at the meeting of the
merchants, and for the remainder I will give reasonable

ESSEX county, April 2, 1774.
IN consequence of the death of Mr. James Campbell of
Essex, who was acting attorney for Messieurs John,
William, and James M’Call M’Call and Elliott, and,
M’Call, Elliott, and Snodgrass, in the business formerly
under the management of Mr. William Snodgrass, we
have received from his executors the books and papers of
said companies, and have put them into the hands of Mr.
James Gordon to collect. We therefore earnestly request
all indebted to those concerns to pay off immediately, as
no further indulgence can be given. Mr. James Gordon
will reside in Tappahannock, and will attend Essex,
Middlesex,, and Gloucester, and King and Queen courts.

THE ship OLIVE, Captain William Barrass, lies
at Broadways, on Appomattox, will sail early in
April, having three fourths of her cargo engaged, can
take in about one hundred hogsheads of tobacco, on
liberty of consignment. For terms apply to Mr. Bolling
Starke, in Petersburg, or us at Norfolk.

Column 3

RUN away, from Neabsco furnace, the 16th of
March, a light coloured mulatto man named
BILLY or WILL, the property of the honourable
John Tayloe, esquire. When I tell the public that he
is the same boy who for many years used to wait on me,
in my travels through this and the neighbouring pro-
vince, and by his pertness, or rather impudence, was
well known to all my acquaintances, there is the less
occasion for a particular description of him. However,
as he is now grown to the size of a man, and has not at-
tended me for some time past, I think it not amiss to say
that he is a very likely young fellow about 20 years
old, 5 feet 9 inches high, stout and strong made, has a
remarkable swing in his walk, but is much more so by a
surprizing knack he has of gaining the good graces of
almost every body who will listen to his bewitching and
deceitful tongue, which seldom or ever speaks the truth.
He has a small scar on the right side of his forehead, and
the little finger of his right hand is quite straight by a
hurt he got when a child. Had on, when he went away,
a blue fearnought jacket, and an under one of green
baize, cotton breeches, oznabrig shirt, mixed blue sale
stockings, country made shoes, and yellow buckles.
From his ingenuity, he is capable of doing almost any
sort of business, and for some years past, has been chiefly
employed as a founder, a stone mason, and a miller, as
occasion required; one of which trades, I imagine, he
will, in the character of a free man, profess. I have
some reason to suspect his travelling towards James river,
under the pretence of being sent by me on business.
Whoever apprehends the said fellow, and brings him to
me, or to his master, the honourable John Tayloe, at
Mountairy, or secure him so as to be had again, shall
have treble what the law allows, and all reasonable
charges paid. tf THOMAS LAWSON.

YORK town, June 9, 1773.
THE subscribers being very solicitous to comply with
the will of their testator, the late Honourable
William Nelson, desire that all persons who were indebted
to him will endeavour to make as speedy payments as
possible. Those who have accounts open on his books,
and who cannot immediately discharge the balances,
are desired to give their bonds. This request is the
more necessary, as most of the legacies bequeathed by
the testator are to be paid in sterling money, and he has
directed that his younger sons fortunes shall be placed
out at interest upon undoubted securities, so soon as it
can be done. Those who have any demands are desired
to make them immediately known.

ABOUT twelve thousand acres of exceeding rich
TOBACCO LAND, in Amherst county, whereon
are several plantations and improvements sufficient to
work forty or fifty hands. There is on this land for sale
a very valuable GRIST MILL, lately bult, with a
stone dam and a pair of good COLOGNE MILL-
STONES, which mill has for two years past got up-
wards of 100 barrels of toll corn, and is situated on a
never failing stream. The land will be shewn by William
Womack, who lives at one of the plantations, and the
prices of the land made known by him. One or two
years credit will be allowed, interest being paid for the
second year, and also for the first, if the money is not
paid agreeable to the contract. The land is to be laid off
and surveyed by Colonel William Cabell, at the expence
of the purchaser. Deeds will be made, upon bond and
approved security being given, either to Call, William
Cabell, or the subscriber. Six per cent, discount wil be
allowed fo ready money, or good merchants notes. If
any person would chuse to exchange lands in the lower
part of the country, on or near some navigable river,
that are good, it is more than probable we should agree.

SEVERAL valuable tracts of LAND, adjoining each
other, or both sides of Chappawamsick Run, in the
counties of Stafford and Prince William, containing 2600
acres, being the seat whereon the subscriber formerly re-
sided. These lands are situate four miles above Aquia
warehouses, and four miles below the town of Dumfries,
the soil of more than half of it exceeding good; there is
on it as fine a mill seat as any in the colony, upon a large
and never failing stream. There is a great appearance
of iron ore, and a large quantity of white oak and pine
timber, a tolerable commodious dwellinghouse, a great
number of convenient outhouses, good orchards, and
several tenements in order for cropping. There are also
200 acres of fine meadow ground, half of which was
sowed in timothy last fall and this spring. A more par-
ticular description will be unnecessary, as it is presumed
than any person inclinable to purchase will view the pre-
mises; and the subscriber earnestly entreats all such to
form their ideas of the value of this estate from their own
observations, and not from any accounts they may receive
from others, as there are some persons, who are thought
good natured, worthy men, amuse themselves with de-
crying the property of their neighbours, even at the
expence of truth, and under the mask of friendship to
the person injured. And the subscriber is more parti-
cular in this caution, as he hath formerly received several
severe injuries of that kind from one in that neighbour-
hood. The above lands are under the incumbrance of
two mortgages; the one for a considerable sum, made
by the subscriber himself, the other for an inconsiderable
sum, made by the person of whom he purchased one of
the small tracts, which mortgages are to be first paid out
of the money arising from the sale. For terms apply to

THE public STOREHOUSE in that part of the town
of Richmond called Shockoes, rented at fifteen
pounds a year; the two half acre lots, No. 400 and
No. 670, in the same town; the valuable lot of one hun-
dred acres of timbered land, near the same, known by the
description of No. 799; also the two half acre lots, No.
116 and No. 267, inthe town of Manchester or Rocky
Ridge, on the fourth side of the falls of James river. For
terms apply to Joshua Storrs of Richmond, or to the sub-

Original Format

Ink on paper



Rind, Clementina, -1774, printer, “The Virginia gazette. Number 417, Thursday May 5, 1774,” Special Collections, John D. Rockefeller Jr. Library, Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, accessed May 29, 2024, https://cwfjdrlsc.omeka.net/items/show/211.