The Virginia Gazette. Number 437, Thursday September 22, 1774

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The Virginia Gazette. Number 437, Thursday September 22, 1774



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Thursday, September 22, 1774. NUMBER 437.

Open To ALL PARTIES, But influenced by NONE.


All Persons may be supplied with this GAZETTE at 12 s. 6d. a Year. ADVERTISEMENTS, of a moderate Length, are inserted for 3 s. the first Week,
and 2 s. each Time after; long ones in Proportion.——PRINTING WORK, of every Kind, executed with Care and Dispatch.

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Cessat decursus donorum si assat recursus graciarum.
Withhold your favours when they meet with no returns of gratitude.

I LATELY took the freedom to give some advice and reprehension
to the clergy, though not more with a view to their reformation
than with some expectation that it would put my countrymen on
their guard against imposition. If there was as much reason for
complaint, and the people have been as much injured, as was
represented, it behoves all who love LIBERTY and JUSTICE
to exert themselves in their behalf; but this will especially be expected
from you, as their representatives in ecclesiastical matters, and the
guardians of their spiritual privileges. It is to be lamented, that your
authority and power is so little adequate to the importance of your trust
and your opportunities for usefulness, and still more to be lamented, that
so much power and liberty is lodged in the clergy, who shew so great
a propensity to change their power into oppression, and their liberty into
licentiousness. Nevertheless, small as your authority is, a discreet and
circumspect use of it may produce beneficial effects, and independent as<b
the clergy are, their peace and comfort may appear to hang, in some
measure, on your favour and indulgence.

That you may be the more ready to listen to an address to you on this
occasion, much might be said on the dignity of your office, both as agents
for the people and assistants in governing the church of Christ, and also
on the importance of different points that come under your decision.
Instead of this, I shall content myself with taking notice of the single
act of setting a pastor over a congregation, as of sufficient consequence to
gain your attention to every rational argument and advice that may urge
you to, or assist you in, the performance of your duty. How inconsider-
able soever this business may be thought by men who undervalue every
thing that does not appear conspicuous in this world, yet in the final day
of accounts, when every article of human life will be rated according to
its real worth, it will be found that the election of a christian teacher
will have a higher value set upon it than many transactions which are
alluded to with greater solicitude, and looked upon to be far more interest-
ing, by the generality of mankind. It is evident, from scripture, that
preaching is the stated method of proclaiming the doctrines of salvation
to men, and also that its efficacy depends almost wholly on the manner
of its being performed and the example that accompanies it, so that the
character and ability of the minister are according to the plan of provi-
dence and system of grace, of nearly the same importance with christianity
itself. What a serious thought is this, that the eternal state of many
fellow creatures should so much depend on the conduct of one man, and
that one man should depend on your appointment! With what deliberation
and enquiry, with what anxiety and circumspection, must a truly con-
scientious man, warmed with benevolence, and softened with humanity,
proceed to an act of such everlasting consequence to his countrymen, to
his friends, to his neighbours, to his relations, when the social tie is the
strongest, and the union the most intimate! If the competition for a
parish lay between two clergymen of such equal parts and piety that the
difference would affect the future state of but a single person, would it not
demand your utmost care and study to make the happy choice? Nay, if
the difference between two candidates were so small as to affect only the
degree of future happiness in one individual, and that individual were the
most inconsiderable person you represent, certainly his pains could be
reckoned too great to find out the superior of the two; for the smallest
and seemingly most trivial circumstance, when it comes to be cloathed
with infinite duration, acquires a value that sets it above the most prized
possessions that have but a temporary existence. But where there is all
the reason in the world to think there is a very great inequality among
ministers of the gospel, and that while some by their knowledge, their
zeal, and exemplary lives, shall turn many unto righteousness, there are
others, who by their ignorance, their indolence, or unchristian practices,
shall lead men into error and perdition, what words can express the pre-
caution and scrutiny that should be employed in distinguishing the one sort
from the other?

No more, I presume, need be urged to procure the attention of every
considerate vestryman to whatever may be offered in regard to the dis-
charge of his great trust, as well as that particular part of it that relates
to the choice of a pastor. It must be owned that the time allowed for
your determination is so soon elapsed, and those who solicit are often so
little known, and have so great interest in disguising, that you must
sometimes be unavoidably deceived. What encreases your difficulty in
this matter, too, is, the great liberty many gentlemen take in recom-
mending clergymen to vacant parishes when they know very little of
them, and many times when what they do know affords no reason to
think them fit to teach or govern a christian society. Setting aside the
iniquity of this custom, with respect to its hurtful influence on religion,
it is really astonishing that men of sense and reputation, who in other
things adhere punctually to honour and truth, should in this case so
shamefully violate truth, honour, and fidelity. I dare say there are at
this time not a few clergymen who have been of signal disadvantage to
the people that have procured a reception into their parishes merely by
carrying vouchers for their merit from gentlemen of character. What a
pity it is, that any man should make use of his credit to do so great an
injury to his fellow men, and to those, too, who rely most on his veracity
and judgment! Nor is it less strange that this practice should bring so
little reproach on persons who would have been justly disgraced had they
been as culpably accessary to the temporal damage of mankind; an in-
contestable evidence this of the little regard that has been paid among
us to religion, and the purity of the church of England.

But let not these difficulties discourage you, but rather incite you to
greater prudence, integrity, and diligence, in the discharge of your
weighty trust; and the less confidence you find there is to be put in the
intercession of others, the more sedulous should you be in taking the ad-
vantage of personal interviews with the candidates for your parishes, by
carefully examining their principles and inspecting their conduct. To do
this, you must see how necessary it is that you yourselves should be well
acquainted with the laws, tenets, and government, of the church to
which you have solemnly subscribed to be conformable, and without the
knowledge of which you cannot act the part of faithful vestrymen. You
must be convinced of this, when it is considered that your office plainly
requires you to interrogate candidates freely and particularly about the
plan they intend to proceed on in their ministerial exercises, the doctrines
they intend to preach, the interpretations they put on the articles of the
church, the duties they think incumbent on clergymen as to private
labours among their parishioners, the discipline they intend to practise,
and to put such other questions as may sound their religious notions and
give you an insight into their real characters. It will be requisite, more-
over, to observe whether they be well versed in the scriptures, and are
fond of discoursing on divine subjects, whether they try most to learn the
state of religion and the most likely means of promoting it among the
people, or are most inquisitive about the value of their salaries and the
fertility and improvements of the glebes. You must expect that the more
wary and strict you are with them the more artful and industrious impostors
will be at dissimulation. But it is extremely hard for an ignorant man to
appear knowing, or for a knave to personate the honest man, under the
eye and examination of a discerning judge. If the mask does not drop
quite off, it will slip aside sometimes and let you have a glance at their

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faces, which will embolden you to go on in your search, till you can,
in a becoming manner, tear it off and expose the full visage of the wolf.

I cannot help giving you some caution, particularly against those gentle-
men who come from the north part of Britain. The church of England
has been greatly prejudiced by adopting the discarded sons of the kirk of
Scotland, and we have reason to regret that deposition in that church has
not hindered some form enjoying a benefice in this province. Besides
these, we have suffered much from others, who despairing of admission
into the ministry of their national church, through insufficiency far im-
morality, and being pressed with poverty and hunger, post up to London,
crying to the bishop, each on in the language of the generation of Eli,
put me, I pray thee, into one of the priest’s offices, that I may eat a piece of
We are likewise in danger from another class of persons that re-
volt from that communion, who are captivated by good living and allured
by the superior secular advantages of the priesthood in our establishment.
They come from their native country over into this in the character of
private tutors, and by residing in gentlemens families, where they get
more meat at one meal than they used to do in half a year, and drink
more wine than in their whole lives before, grow fat, lazy, and proud,
and losing in point of religion and conscience, as they gain in flesh, apply
for holy orders in the church of England, that they may be at once perpe-
tuate their good face and get rid of the trouble of earning it. This is
not spoken from the least prejudice against a nation renowned for learning,
industry, and frugality, nor against a church that has been often applauded
for orthodoxy and purity, nor against converts to episcopacy from rational
conviction and the desire of doing good, who ought to be held in the
highest esteem, but from a regard to the interests of religion, and disdain
at those mercenary and voluptuous wretches who fell their birthright for a
mess of pottage,
and become a burden to our society and a scandal to the
established church. If their lives may be a testimony in favour of my
allegations, I believe it might be shewn that the clergy from that quarter
are, and have been, by far the most worthless of any among us, the old
ones commonly turning out to be sots or misers, and the young ones paltry
coxcombs or ignorant clowns.

Let us now consider the clergy as possessed of the living and the care of
the people, and see what treatment is due to them: If they are zealous
and active in the duties of their function, preaching constantly and fer-
vently, visiting and watching over their flocks, practising and promoting
all public, domestic, and private duties; if they faithfully declare the
doctrines of christianity, and by example, exhortation, and reproof, en-
deavour to bring men to obey its precepts; if they shew themselves more
anxious about the salvation of sinners than the collection of their salaries,
and seem more ambitious of adding to the church such as are to be saved
than of augmenting their worldly possessions and rising to worldly ho-
nours; if they give these proofs of their integrity and soundness in the
faith; no respect or encouragement can exceed their desert. But it is
needless to urge you to this; there is no danger of your being defective
in rewarding the meritorious. A faithful laborious minister, acquires
the greatest influence imaginable over his congregation, and is sure of
almost every favour he thinks fit to ask. This is so true that it may be
safely averred that the comfortable situation of unworthy clergymen in all
countries is owing, in great measure, to the zeal and merit of their pre-
decessors, who procured so much confidence, and were so much in the
affections of the laity, that they were indulged with powers and privileges
which descended, without their good qualities, to those that succeeded
them. No one, I fancy, can think it probable, if the legislature were
now to fix the maintenance of ministers, with their eyes on the present
set, that one fourth of what they now receive would be thought due to

Leaving, therefore, those worthy divines, who are sure of having justice
done them, and cannot be treated with too much kindness and reverence,
let us turn to those of the opposite column, and see what they deserve at
your hands: It is too commonly thought that unfaithful clergymen are
entitle to esteem and respect from the sanctity of their office, and that
their faults should be overlooked to keep up the dignity and usefulness of
the priesthood. This is a mistaken and pernicious notion; the sacred
function is dishonoured by the ill conduct of those who occupy it, not by
the contempt and punishment of that ill conduct, and the dignity of the
priesthood can be preserved only by shewing such men to be unworthy of
it. If you have clergymen fixed upon you, who preach as seldom and as
short as they well can, when they should be instant in season, out of season,
who are shy of conversing on religious topics when they should be examples
of believers in word and conversation,
who do not visit and inspect their
flock when they should teach from house to house, and reprove, rebuke, and
exhort with all long suffering and doctrine, who
omit the orderly and pious
government of their families, and do not direct their parishioners to the
use of domestic duties, when they should rule well their own houses, and
ought to pray for the families that call not on the name of God, whilst they
abstain from the most gross immoralities; if they are chargeable with
these, or such like deficiencies, do they deserve the name of evangelical
pastors, or are they entitled to the favour and esteem of honest christians?
Do they not rather challenge your indignation and contempt? When they
thus disgrace the church they belong to, defraud the people of the in-
struction due to them, and disregard the vows they have made to God at
their assumption of holy orders, and the covenant they solemnly though
secretly formed with yourselves at their induction, when they betray so
much unfaithfulness, injustice, and impiety, are you not bound in duty
to your Maker, to your constituents, and to yourselves, to withhold
every discretionary advantage and emolument? Is it generous, is it just,
to levy unnecessary taxes on the people to gratify men who plainly shew
they care nothing for them; to buy new glebes, build and repair houses,
and run the people to other costs, for the ease and conveniency of un-
grateful men, who will grow more negligent as they grow more inde-
pendent, and more vicious or griping as they grow more wealthy?

I am persuaded that many of you, gentlemen, have been lavish in your
bounties to the clergy purely from a principle of liberality and humanity;
but it has been a mistaken or misapplied principle; it has been exercised
towards a few, to the detriment of many; towards a few who had no
claim to your favour, on the score of merit, to the detriment of many,
who have given up part of their property to be disposed of by you, and
entrusted you with the management of their most important concerns.
I would not insinuate that the clergy, because they neglect duty, have no
right to justice; but that the people have an equal right to it. And does
justice require that the clergy should have all the reward, when they per-
form but part of the labour? Or does it allow that the people should pay
the whole stipend, when they receive but part of the instruction? As the
purchasing, and building on glebes, is what lies most at your discretion,
in rewarding the clergy, you ought to manage that matter with all the
art and oeconomy possible, and with a steady regard to the interest of the
people; it should, like the last piece of gold in the purse, be husbanded
to the best advantage. So long as you have this in reserve, you will pro-
bably be treated by your incumbents with good manners, and civility, at
least; as gamesters are complaisant and courteous to those who have any
thing more to lost; but as soon as they have got the whole booty, flight
and laugh at the unfortunate. For your own sakes, then, I would advise
you never to put yourselves into such a state, that you have no favour to
bestow, or the minister has none to ask. You will take notice, I am
speaking all along of those clergymen who are deficient in the duties I
have specified. Such shew so little conscientiousness in the discharge of

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their office, that no charity can oblige a man to think a principle of con-
science carried them into the ministry. It is too plain they were moved
by a prospect of the living; and therefore you must not expect to mend
them, or make them more conscientious, by feeding their lucrative ap-
petites. Indeed, it is hard to say what good end can be served by giving
fruitful glebes, and fine buildings to undeserving clergymen. If any of
you have one that is imperious and assuming, can you think you will
abate his pride by encreasing his independence? If you have one that is
sordid and covetous, do you imagine you will lessen his avarice by enlarging
his stock, and giving him greater means of enriching himself? If you
have one that is lazy, and likes not to turn out to attend his church,
and go among his parishioners to instruct them, is it to be supposed you will
make him more willing to go abroad by granting him such land, build-
ings, and conveniencies, as will render his situation more commodious
and comfortable at home? Besides these considerations, the interest of
the laity is to be carefully regarded. Prudence does not more forbid un-
necessary grants to idle clergymen that justice forbids unnecessary taxes on
the injured laity. It would seem, by the conduct of many of the clergy,
as if they thought, like some absolute monarchs, that their function was
instituted merely for the benefit and support of such persons as themselves,
and not for the good and happiness of the society they live upon. But I
hope, gentlemen, the more they neglect and undervalue the people, the
more tender you will be of their rights and possessions; and the more slow
they are to communicate instruction, the more solicious you will be to
keep back the reward.

The salaries settled by law, with the glebes and perquisites annexed,
were deemed both a genteel living, and competent reward, for worthy
men, who should perform all the duties, and answer all the purposes, the
legislature had in view when they were making provision for the clergy.
It was thought that the laity could well spare a part of their commodities
for the great benefits of a christian ministry, and that the clergy, thus dis-
entangled from the cares of the world, might give themselves whollyto
the proper business of their station; and if matters had so turned out, if
the laity had received all the services due to them, and if the clergy had
taken occasion, from their happy circumstances, to shake off worldly
concerns, and to employ all their time and abilities in serving the flock
over which the Holy Ghost had made them overseers,
it would have been
reasonable and right they should have had their full allowance. But as
the clergy make so light of their obligations, and so pervert and misapply
their stipends, their time, and their talents, and as the laity are de-
prived of so great a share of the expected advantages, it may justly be
expected that you should give all the redress in your power to the suffer-
ers. I do not mean that you should break through the bounds of the
law, but that you should act so cautiously and scrupulously as to do the
most strict justice, and make all possible savings to the people. This
would be prudent and laudable if you acted only for yourselves; but when
you act for others, it is your indispensable duty. If your bestowing every
thing you legally can world be a full compensation to the clergy for the
performance of all their duties, I am sure it is not in your power to bring
down their emoluments so low as to make them no more than a just
compensation for what they actually perform. If 16,000 pounds of to-
bacco, marriage and funeral-serman-fees, with the best glebe and
improvements in the colony, are an adequate satisfaction for the dis-
charge of every parochial duty, to what a mere pittance would strict
equity reduce the income of those who content themselves with barely
preaching a short sermon once a week?

After what has been said, may I not apply to those of you, who have
it now, or may hereafter have it, in contemplation, to purchase new,
or add to or repair, old glebes, with this reasonable entreaty, that you
would consider whether you have the concurrence and approbation of the
people, and whether the minister you now have acquits himself so faith-
fully as to deserve it. If these enquiries result in favour of your intenti-
ons, and to the honour of your pastor, I congratulate both you and him
on your mutual felicity. May you reward and revere him, and may it
provoke his gratitude, and encrease his usefulness. But if the sentiments
of the people, and the character of the incumbent, are found to militate
against such a measure, I must say, that honour and fidelity, reason,
conscience, and religion, forbid the prosecution of it, and that no con-
sideration whatever can justify you in giving away the property of the
people to support an unprofitable minister in indolence and ease. Con-
sider what I have said, and the Lord give you understanding in all things.

I am, GENTLEMEN, your’s, &c.


By the last vessels from Boston, in New England, very satisfactory
advices of the peaceable disposition of that long distracted town have
been received by the merchants here. The invoices that were thrown
aside immediately on the receipt of Hancock’s frantic oration have been
taken up again; goods are shipping, and several vessels will, in the space
of a few weeks, sail for Boston. Yet still it is thought that bills, to a
considerable amount, drawn by merchants in Boston on their correspond-
ents in London, will remain unanswered; for our men of business have
begun to be cautious how the advance money for people whose payments
are very precarious and insecure. It is also imagined, that if Boston
continues quiet, and passes the expected compensation bills, that the port
will not only be opened, but that thee will be no restriction laid on any
of the wharfs, as to shipping or landing of goods.

It is much reported that the Americans have at last come to a resolu-
tion of soliciting the assistance of some power, which is not yet known.
This report, it is said, has indeed very much embarrassed the premier,
who, it is thought, is now really in a wood, and does not know which
way to proceed.

The artificers of several of the dockyards, it is said, now work double
days, which looks as if lord North did not confide so much in French
protestations as the world says he does.

Early on Saturday morning a whole length etching of a first lord of the
treasury, suspended by a cord de cou, was found hanging to the knocker
of a certain house in Downing Street,with the following inscription:
”May such be the fate of all reformers of the religion of their country!”

A gentlemen wondering to Charles Fox, the other day, why lord
North was not afraid of going through such an unconstitutional measure
as the late Quebec bill, “You may depend on it, says the other, he has
got an absolution for it.”

Lord North being asked on day if he thought it now possible to re-
move the young cub’s inveteracy against the ministry, “O yes (replied
his lordship) a bolus made of gold and silver will as easily purge him of
that as a vomit will his foul stomach.”

The Algerines have a this time a dispute with the Dutch and Spa-
niards as well as our court. The latter have given orders for the Dutch
admiral to go down immediately with a proper force to demand an expli-
cit answer for their conduct.

The Olive, Cranley, from Sierraleone to Philadelphia, with 170
slaves on board, has been blown off the capes of Virginia in a hard gale
of wind, and obliged to bear away for Bermudas; but before she reached
the latter place, the ship unfortunately took fire by some accident, and
was burnt down to the water’s edge, when she sunk, and the captain,
together with the crew and slaves, were either drowned or perished in
the flames.

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The late rains and fine weather have brought the grass so very forward
in the country that they are now in several places busy mowing, which is
sooner than has been known for many years past. It is almost incredible
what crops there are; therefore the monopolizers of hay last year now
begin to carry woful countenances, as they have overstood their markets,
it being generally thought that hay will be twenty shillings a ton lower
than it has been this last winter.

By a letter from a gentleman of veracity at Cadiz we are informed,
that after a council of war held at that place, orders were given for fit-
ting out ten ships of the line with the utmost expedition.

A letter from Amsterdam mentions, that the forces of Spain, accord-
ing to the list lately published, amount to 156,000 men; in former reigns
they did not exceed 80,000 men.

The Blundell, Dawson, of Liverpool, is lost on the bar of Bonny,
with 300 slaves.

We are informed that the service for the 5th of November is to be entirely
new modelled; that celebrated investigator of historical facts, Sir J. D.
having undertaken to prove that the horrid scheme, intended to have
been executed on that day, was not a catholic, but a protestant con-

July 4. Private letters from Boston give us rather an unfavourable ac-
count of the state of that town, in a mercantile view. The generality
of the faction have little trading intercourse with England, being mostly
composed of men who are engaged in smuggling companies, or mechanics;
yet there are some merchants among them, but these merchants are
mostly indebted in England, are violent party men, and attribute the
non-payment of their debts to the threepenny duty on tea, and to the
exercise of the just rights of the British legislature over them; therefore
the merchants who either will not, or cannot, make remittances, the
smugglers, the mechanics, and those who are fascinated with the extra-
vagant notion of independency, all join to counteract the majority of
the merchants, and the lovers of peace and good order. Seditious com-
mittees have been appointed, who have endeavoured to influence the
other colonies to shut up their ports, to ruin themselves, and to starve
the West Indies, in order to enable the herd of faction at Boston to con-
quer ungrateful England. In this extraordinary scheme, the unsuccess
of the Boston rebels has been adequate to the folly of the proposal. Some
of the other colonies have publicly declared that they will not enter into
any non-importation agreement with the people of Boston, because the
faction of that town had most infamously deceived them in a former
agreement of the same kind. What the Boston faction themselves have
published, concerning the colonies of Rhode Island and New Hampshire
joining in their frantic scheme, is partly true. These colonies have ver-
bally joined the Bostonians; but, if we can credit private letters from
Boston itself, it is not expected that those colonies will observe in prac-
tice what they have promised in writing; and there are also letters in
town, from merchants who constitute part of the faction (that is to say,
the honest and the misled part, whose eyes are now partly opened) and
they declare, amidst their asseverations of defending what they call their
rights and privileges, that they will take proper care not to be cheated
by their brother confederates, as they were in the last non-importation
agreement. From this intelligence we may readily conceive that no
consistent, permanent, or vigorous measures, will be adopted by the
Boston rebels; for where there exists a suspicion, in the minds of men
acting together, of a want of faith among themselves, or, to speak in
plainer terms, where one party of them expects to be cheated by the
other, in such an association, unanimity cannot long subsist, more espe-
cially as their confederacy is fundamentally wrong and unwarrantable; a
house built upon a fancy foundation, and divided against itself, cannot
stand. Such are the contents of many letters from Boston by the two
last vessels, and such advices have had a proper effect, or at least, it is
supposed, will have, on the merchants here, as several vessels, that were
expected to sail in a few weeks for the Massachusetts, will either be
obliged to remain here, or to sail in ballast. Private letters also menti-
on, that some owners of vessels have laid up their ships, on the supposition
that the English merchants will not ship any goods till the faction has
submitted, and till the blockade is withdrawn. Other letters hint, that
some who are called merchants have in contemplation a removal to the
banks of the Ohio and the Missisippi, as in such remote regions they will
have little chance of hearing from their friends in England. In general,
the private accounts bear the complexion of the writers; some, who wish
for the opening of the port, are nevertheless, well pleased that such an
effectual measure has been taken, as the most seditious now begin to feel
their own littleness, and have also drawn upon themselves the reproaches
of the more moderate; and as some of the heads of the faction have no
concerns in lawful trade, the majority of the merchants complain much
against them for involving the town in such distress. It is likewise said,
that if the act had been conditional, and if, upon their voting the com-
pensation for the tea, its operation would have been prevented, that the
money would have been instantly granted, for the real cause of all the
rebellious insolence committed at Boston was, the continued assurances
sent to Boston by their agent that Britain was too enfeebled, and admi-
nistration too timorous, for to take any spirited measures to repress them.
The fatal effects of listening to such insidious advices are now clearly seen
by every person possessed of common sense. The public accounts, which
the faction have published from their friends (as they mistakenly call
them) in London, give us the strongest evidence of the base falshoods
employed to mislead the ignorant people of Boston. Amongst these many
pages of falshoods, we shall only select one article, which is, “that when
the regiments were ordered to embark for Boston, many of the officers
resigned their commissions, refusing to be the instruments of oppression.”
This may serve as a specimen of the encouragement which the factious
miscreants here infuse into the Bostonians on purpose to seduce them.
Another piece of admirable advice given them, by some knave here, is,
”that as their port was to be blocked up, it would be wise in them not to
pay any of their debts to this country.” Thinking men now will not be
surprized that there have been the most unjustifiable commotions and in-
surrections in Boston, as they find that the peeple whom the Bostonians
confide in, and entrust with the management of their affairs here, have
written their correspondents the well established truth of the officers re-
signing their commissions, and also sent them the honest advice not to
pay their just debts!

July 7. The captain of a ship arrived from Kirkwall, in the Orkneys,
brings an account, that on the 10th of last month upwards of 150 sail of
Dutch vessels rendezvoused in Braffa Sound, and from thence proceeded
on the herring fishery.

A correspondent says he wishes the framers and advisers of the Quebec
bill were obliged to walk from Whitechapel to Hyde Park Corner naked,
tarred, and feathered, if so small a punishment was equal to their crime;
and it must be droll, he says, to frame to one’s self the thane and Jef-
feries waling in procession among the feathered race.

Plenty (says sir William Temple) begets wantonness and pride; wan-
tonness is apt to invent, and pride scorns to imitate. Liberty begets
stomach or heart, and stomach will not be constrained. Thus we come
to have more originals, and more that appear what they are; we have
more humour, because every man follows his own, and takes a pleasure,
perhaps a pride, to shew it. This pride and wantonness, resulting from
plenty, now reside only in high life.

What was said by the greatest writer of his time in the year 1692 may,
it is feared, bear an application to our own. There are no where so
many disputes upon religion, so many reasoners upon government, so
many refiners in politics, so many curious inquisitors, so many pretend-
ers to business, and state employments, greater porers upon books, nor
plodders after wealth, and yet, no where more abandoned libertines, more
refined luxurists, extravagant debauchees, conceited gallants, more dab-
blers in poetry, as well as in politics, philosophy, and chymistry.

A great foreign physicians called our country, almost a century ago, the
region of spleen. This may arise a good deal from the great uncertainty
and sudden changes of our weather in all seasons of the year; and how
much these affect the heads and hearts, especially of the finest tempers,
is hard to be believed by men whose thoughts are not turned to such
speculations. This makes us unequal in our humours, inconstant in our
passions, uncertain in our ends, and even in our desires.

A correspondent, who has the best intelligence from the colonies, as-
sures the publlic that the people there will most undoubtedly suppress all
trade which can in any shape have benefited this country. He remarks,
that this must go deeper towards destroying our national security, and
strike deeper at national credit, than any warlike declaration from France
or Spain could do; that with the aid of America we might bear our pre-
sent burthens, and many more; without them we must sink with a mill-
stone about our necks, even without a contention with any European
neighbour; nor can we hope the spirit of Choiseul will be at rest when
we give him so certain an opportunity to compleat our ruin.

July 9.Friday se’nnight, at Boroughbridge fair, in Yorkshire, two
clothiers, from the West Riding, were prevailed on to make an exchange
with a sharper, or smuggler, by giving him cloth to the amount of ten
pounds, for which they were to receive three bags of tea and three half-
anchors of geneva; but how great was their mortification to find about
a quarter of a pound of tea, at the top of each bag, and underneath, chopped
hay, sand, and bran. Each of the half-anchors had a thin tube fixed within
the bunghole, which contained a sample of good geneva, of near a pint
in quantity, the rest pure element.

The late spirited resolutions of the Americans hath thrown the king
and minister into a dreadful quandary.

Column 2

A correspondent, in the Public Advertiser, addresses himself to Mr.
Grieve in the following manner, on account of his late attempt to be
sheriff of London: “And so, Mr. Grieve, you really had no other mo-
tive in the world for desiring to be sheriff but to relieve the modest livery
of London from the cruel tyranny of a wicked minister!
My good Mr. Grieve,
How could you conceive
That you could be shrieve?
Or can we believe
That you could relieve,
Except with good beeves,
Such a parcel of thieves!”

Yesterday lieutenant governor Robert Eden, esquire, governor of Ma-
ryland, who arrived from thence on Tuesday evening for a few weeks, in
order to take over his lady and family, waited on his majesty at the levee,
being introduced by the master of the ceremonies, and was very graciously

As a proof that the king of Prussia is greatly in the interest of Great
Britain, it is positively said that a great sum of money has within these
few days been sent him from hence, in order to enable him to compleat
some scheme he has long been concerting, and that, if found necessary,
it will be followed by more.

The principal reason assigned for the king of Prussia’s professing him-
self a friend to England is, because we gave him no interruption in his
late proceedings in Poland, which, at one time, he very little expected
from us.

A rider to a wholesale tradesmen, lately arrived in town, says, that
in the several counties and corporate towns he has lately been in, ex-
ecuting his commissions in the course of this summer, he finds that tar
and feathers will bear a good price next spring, and be a good commodity;
as the inhabitants of the several corporate towns, where he has been
in the west, are determined to tar and feather every wight who voted for
the Quebec bill, if they presume to come and offer themselves as candi-
dates at the next general election, as a mark of their detestation, and
while they can do no more, they think to shew that it will, at least,
they say, prevent the number of macaroni gentry, who at present com-
pose the house, and who voted for it, to offer themselves, as the smell
of tar will be worse than death to their delicate constitutions.

On Saturday afternoon a countryman was inveigled into a public house
in Chancery Lane by two fellows, who pretended an acquaintance with
him, and said they would treat him with share of a pot of beer. While
they were drinking, one of them produced cards, and offered to cut for
a shilling, on which the countryman suspecting them, got up to go
away, but they insisted he should pay for the liquor, and on his refusal,
they began to threaten him; on which he gave them both a severe drub-
bing, and then left them to pay the reckoning.

Early on Sunday, the 26th of June, John Upson, of Woodbridge, in
the county of Suffolk, glover, who was committed to the castle for felony
a few days before, hanged himself in his own room with his garter. The
coroner’s inquest sat on the body, and brought in their verdict non compas
The following verses were found wrote in a prayer book lying
by him:
Farewell, vain world, I’ve had enough of thee,
And now am careless what thou say’st of me;
Thy smiles I court not, nor thy frowns I fear,
My cares are past, my heart lies easy here;
What faults they find in me take care to shun,
And look at home; enough is to be done.

A gentleman at Lambeth having repeatedly had his greenhouse robbed
of different plants, was resolved at last to find out the thief, for which
purpose he put a small man-trap against one of the windows, which he
supposed the rogue came in at, but to his great surprize, the next morn-
ing, he found his own son dead in it, being caught by the neck.

We are assured that the Active frigate, which arrived at Portsmouth
about 3 weeks ago from Boston, brought orders to several merchants in
Bristol for goods to a considerable amount; the principal people of that
place being sincerely disposed to continue on an amicable footing with
Great Britain, and using their utmost endeavours to keep the factious
rabble in order. Four of the ringleaders, it is said, are ordered to Eng-
land in irons. There is great reason to believe, therefore, that the port
will soon be opened, and that trade will again flourish in that quarter of
the world.

Tuesday morning a squeamish journeyman tailor, in the neighbour-
hood of Lincoln’s Inn Fields, for a trifling wager, eat seven buttered
roles, and drank one pennyworth of beer. He was allowed one hour to
do it in, but, like a true son of liberty, erected on his exalted throne, he
valiantly performed the arduous task, and became master of the roles in
exactly forty five minutes.

Famine in masquerade, behold thy portrait here,
Seven mighty butter’d roles, one pennyworth of beer,
Devour’d he, nor seem’d he yet to thrive,
Tho all cramm’d down in minutes forty five.
Amaz’d the standers by! Time cry’d, as ambling on,
Phantom, I dread thee, thou art famine’s son!

July 11. The late affair at Plymouth, which ended so unfortunately, and
so contrary to expectation, having occasioned much discussion, and given rise to
a contrariety of opinion s upon the subject, it is thought proper to give a detail
of the transaction; the public may be assured that it comes form the best autho-
rity: Mr. Day (the sole projector of the scheme, and, as matters have
turned out, the unhappy sacrifice of his own ingenuity) employed his thoughts
for some years past in planning a method of sinking a vessel under water, with
a man in it, who should live therein for a certain time, and then, by his own
means only, bring himself up to the surface. After much study, he conceived
that his plan could be reduced into practice; he communicated his idea in the
part of the country where he lived, and had the most sanguine hopes of success.
He went so far as to try his project in the broads near Yarmouth; he fitted a
Norwich market-boat for his purpose, sunk himself 30 feet under water,
where he continued during the space of 24 hours, and executed his design to
his own entire satisfaction. Elate with this success, he then wanted to avail
himself of his invention. He conversed with his friends, perfectly convinced
that he had brought his undertaking to a certainty, but how to reap the ad-
vantage of it was the difficulty that remained. The person in whom he con-
fided suggested to him that if he acquainted the sporting gentlemen with the
discovery, and the certainty of the performance, considerable bets would take
place as soon as the project should be mentioned in company. The sporting
calendar was immediately looked into, and the name of Mr. Blake soon occurred.
That gentleman was fixed upon as the person to whom Mr. Day ought to ad-
dress himself; acordingly Mr. Blake, in the month of November last, re-
ceived the following letter:

I found out an affair, by which means thousands may be won; it is of
a paradoxical nature, but can be performed with ease; therefore, sir, if you
chuse to be informed of it, and give me one hundred pounds out of every thou-
sand you shall win by it, I will very readily wait upon you and inform you
of it. I am myself but a poor mechanic, and not able to make any thing by it
myself without your assistance. Your’s, &c.

Mr. Blake had no conception of Mr. Day’s design, nor was he sure that
the letter was serious. To clear the matter up, he returned for answer, that
if Mr. Day would come to town and explain himself, Mr. Blake would con-
sider of the proposal; if he approved of it, Mr. Day should have the re-
compence he desired, if, on the other hand, the plan should be rejected, Mr.
Blake would make him a present to defray the expences of his journey. In
a short time after Mr. Day came to town; Mr. Blake saw him, and desired
to know what secret he was possessed of: The man replied that he could sink
a ship one hundred yards deep in the sea, with himself in it, and remain
therein for the space of twenty four hours, without communication with any
thing above, and at the expiration of the time rise up again in the vessel. The
proposal, in all its parts, was new to Mr. Blake; he took down the particulars,
and after considering the matter, desired some kind of proof of the practicability:
The man added, that if Mr. Blake would furnish him with the materials ne-
cessary, he would give him ocular demonstration. A model of the vessel in
which he was to perform the experiment was then required, and in three or
four weeks accomplished, so as to give a perfect idea of the principle upon
which the scheme was to be executed, and indeed a very plausible promise of
success, not to Mr. Blake only, but many other gentlemen who were consulted
upon the occasion. The consequence was, that Mr. Blake, agreeably to the
man’s desire, advanced money for the construction of a vessel fit for the pur-
pose. Mr. Day, thus assisted, went to Plymouth with his model, and set the
men at the place to work upon it. The pressure of the water, at 100 feet
deep, was a circumstance of which Mr. Blake was advised, and touching
that article, he gave the strongest precautions to Mr. Day, telling him at any
expence to fortify the chamber in which he was to subsist against the weight
of such a body of water. Mr. Day set off in great spirits for Plymouth,
and seemed so confident, that Mr. Blake made a bet that the project would
succeed, reducing, however, the depth of water from one hundred yards to
one hundred feet, and the time from twenty four to twelve hours. By the
terms of the wager, the experiment was to be made within three months from
the date; but so much time was necessary for due preparation, that on the
appointed day things were not in readiness, and Mr. Blake lost the bet. In
some short time afterwards the vessel was finished, and Mr. Day still con-
tinued eager for the carrying of his plan into execution; he was uneasy at the
idea of dropping the scheme, and wished for an opportunity to convince Mr.
Blake that he could perform what he had undertaken; he writ from Plymouth
that every thing was in readiness, and should be executed the moment Mr.

Column 3

Blake arrived. Induced by this promise, Mr. Blake set out for Plymouth:
Upon his arrival a trial was made in Catwater, where Mr Day lay during
the flow of the tide for six hours, and six more during the tide of ebb, con-
fined all the time in the room appropriated for his use. A day for the final
determination was then fixed, the vessel was towed to the place agreed upon,
Mr. Day provide himself with whatever he thought necessary, went into the
vessel, let the water into her, and with great composure retired to the room
constructed for him, and shut up the valve. The ship went gradually down,
in twenty two fathom water, at two o’clock on Tuesday in the afternoon, being
to return at two the next morning. He had three buoys, or messengers, which
he could send to the surface at option, to announce his situation below, but none
appearing, Mr. Blake, who was near at hand in a barge, began to entertain
some suspicion; he kept a strict look out, and at the time appointed neither the
buoys nor the vessel coming up, he applied to the Orpheus frigate, which lay
just off the barge for assistance. The captain, with the most ready benevolence,
supplied him with every thing in his power to sweep for the ship. Mr. Blake,
in this alarming situation, was not content with the help of the Orpheus only;
he made immediate application to lord Sandwich, who happened to be at Ply-
mouth, for further relief: His lordship, with great humanity, ordered a
number of hands from the dockyard, who went with the utmost alacrity and
tried every effort to regain the ship, bat unhappily without effect. Thus
ended this unfortunate affair. Mr. Blake had not experience enough to judge
of all possible contingencies, and has only now to lament the credulity with
which he listened to a projector fond of his own scheme, but certainly not
possessed of skill enough to guard against the variety of accidents to which he
was liable. The poor man has unfortunately shortened his days; he was not,
however tempted or influenced by any body; he confided in his own judgment,
and put his life to the hazard upon his own mistaken notions.

A letter from Paris, dated July 1, says: “As an instance of his ma-
jesty’s justice and care of his subjects, the following is related. As his
majesty was walking a few days ago in his gardens at Marli, he met some
poor women who had been weeding in the garden. The day being hot,
he was moved with compassion for these poor labourers, and asked them
how much they earned a day. The women, not knowing the king, an-
swered him, “Alas, sir, but six sols a day, and that, too, when the
price of bread is so very high.” The king, to whom it appeared very
suspicious, sent immediately for the head gardener, desiring to see how
much expence he was at in the course of the year. The expence was
brought in, when it was found that twenty sols per day was charged for
each labourer. Monster! said the king, how can you behave so cruelly
to your fellow creatures? And ordered him to be brought to justice before
the police.”

It is thought that the death of a late nobleman will occasion many
chancery suits, as the reversions which were granted by his children, on
his death, to several of the sons of Levi, are most of them subject to be
set aside in a court of equity.

July 12. By a vessel just arrived in the river, from Lisbon, we learn
that the Portuguese troops are all in motion, and that 11 ships of war
were sitting out in the Tagus when she left that place.

Since the troops arrived in Boston, there have been great desertions
amongst the soldiery, which the Americans greatly encourage, being the
surest method to weaken us, and strengthen themselves.

Since the Quebec bill passed, our two august houses, by the accounts
received from Dover and Harwich, there are no less than 7000 Jesuits
arrived in this kingdom.

A CHARACTER by lord Chesterfield.———There is a man, whose
moral character, deep learning, and superior parts, I acknowledge, ad-
mire, and respect; but whom it is so impossible for me to love, that I
am almost in a fever whenever I am in his company. His figure (with-
out being deformed) seems made to disgrace or ridicule the common
structure of the human body. His legs and arms are never in the positi-
on, which, according to the situation of his body, they ought to be in;
but constantly employed in committing hostilities upon the graces. He
throws any where, but down his throat, whatever he means to drink
and only mangles what he means to carve. Inattentive to all the re-
gards of social life, he mis-tunes or mis-places every thing. He dis-
putes with heat, and indiscriminately. Mindless of the rank, character,
and situation, of those with whom he disputes, and absolutely ignorant
of the several gradations of familiarity or respect, he is exactly the same
to his superiors, his equals, and his inferiors, and therefore, by a ne-
cessary consequence, absurd to two of the three. Is it possible to love
such a man? No. The utmost I can do for him is to consider him as
a respectable Hottentot!

An address of a very singular nature is said to have been presented to a
great personage on Friday last, by a person of some eminence from the
other side of Tweed.

By authentic intelligence from the Cape of Good Hope, where one of
the ships are arrived which sailed with captain Cook to the South Ssas,
we are informed, that they explored in vain to the southward, in search
of a continent, and therefore bore up for New Zealand, where they had
landed, but had lost a lieutenant and two men, who by venturing too
far into the country, had been cut off by the Cannibals, and devoured;
that in consequence of this loss, they had dispatched a second boat, and
the whole crew were massacred, roasted, and eat, by the savages; the
next boat having only a miserable spectacle of their bones, after the in-
human repast. From thence they sailed to the Cape of Good Hope, and
speedily will pursue their voyage home. No very material circumstances
further passed in the course of their expedition.

Nothing, says a correspondent, but a speedy war, and change of mi-
nistry, can possibly save this country; for it is better, says he, to stand a
chance of war, plundering or being plundered by the enemy, as the fate
of war may happen, than of being plundered at home by a Scotch and
popish ministry, laughing, at the same time, as a weak and impotent

Extract of a letter from a very respectable member of the Virginia assembly to
his correspondent in
London, dated Williamsburg, May 20.

”Infinite astonishment, and equal resentment, has seized every one
here, on account of the war sent to Boston. It is the universal deter-
mination to stop the exportation of tobacco, pitch, tar, lumber, &c. and
to stop all importation from Britain, while this act of hostility continues.
We every day expect an express from Boston, and it appears to me in-
contestibly certain that the above measures will be universally adopted.
We see, with concern, that this plan will be most extensively hurtful
to our fellow subjects in Britain; nor would be have adopted it if Heaven
had left us any other way to secure our liberty, and prevent the total ruin
of ourselves and our posterity to endless ages. A wicked ministry must
answer for all the consequences. I hope the wise and good on your side
will pity and forgive us. The house is now pushing on the public busi-
ness for which we were called here at this time; but before we depart,
our measures will be settled and agreed on. The plan proposed is exten-
sive; it is wise, and I hope, under God, it will not fail of success.
America possesses virtue unknown and unfelt by the abominable sons of
corruption, who planned this weak and wicked enterprize.

July 13. Letters from Lisbon, dated the 18th of June last, mention that
within a fortnight upwards of forty sail of ships from America, all laden
with corn, had arrived there, which they were in hopes would greatly lower
the markets.

In a private letter from Holland is the following passage: “From all the
manoeuvres of the king of Prussia, our politicians prognosticate, that the theatre
of war will be changed, that the war which is looked on to be extinguished
between the Russians and the porte will embroil other powers, and kindle ano-
ther war, which may possibly be more general and prove more fatal than the

A few days since a cause was tried at Guidhall upon the strength and justice
of a policy of insurance upon the life of the last Mr. H———-, the member
for M———n. Among other evidence, a foreigner, who knew Mr. H———
abroad, was asked what he thought of his health: He answered he thought
him ver bad, going, going. Being asked more particularly as to his state a
month or three weeks previous, he replied he thought him quite dead. A
question was then put to him by the counsel to know if Mr. H——— eat heartily
of English roast beef: He said no, he chiefly lived on English soup. An
explanation being demanded, he said, “by English soup, I mean vat you call
ponch which Mr. H——— took in very great quantity.”

July 14. A person at Paris is said to have a timepiece, which by the use
of a particular spring will go without winding up.

Two new French men of war of the line were launched at St. Maloes the
21st of the last month, five feet longer in keel than any ships of the same rate in
their navy, with an additional breadth of beam proportioned, in order to
carry a superior weight of metal.

They write from Jamaica that two Spanish men of war, one of 64 and
the other of 50 guns, together with a ship belonging to New England, are
lost in a gale of wind in the Gulph of Florida, and their crews perished.

It was on Wednesday night reported, at the west end of the town, that
orders were the same day sent from the admiralty for four sail of men of war
of the line and two frigates, to be fitted out immediately for the West

What a strange opinion, says a correspondent, must foreign nations conceive
of the English from what they read in our public prints! At one time they
read that there are men so mad that they will suffer themselves to be bit by
vipers, and be viewed in all the agonies of death, another swallows stones as
big as swan’s eggs, a third eats a mess of boiling pitch and tar for the enter-
tainment of his curious countrymen, and what is still more strange, they read
that these wretches have had the honour of performing before the nobility and
gentry, to the astonishment and entertainment of all beholders; another paper

Column 1

publishes dreams of a crazy boatman, who persuades himself he can sink a
vessel in a hundred feet water, and remain with her at the bottom of the sea
for 12 hours, and then rise with her to the top alive and merry, and the won-
der of the jockey club; the next paper informs the reader, the nobility, and
gentry, that is to say the catalogue in the sporting calendar, are divided about
the feasibility of the undertaking, that many thousands are laid on the success
of it, and the most knowing man in the calendar has expended fifteen hundred
pounds in building a wooden egg to enclose this addle-pated adventurer; in a
few days the censorious Frenchman reads an account of the vessel’s being sunk
with a man in it as merry as a chirping chicken just going to be hatched, that
hundreds waited with impatience for 24 hours in expectation of his rising again,
and the great spectator from the admirably, as well as the whole town of
Plymouth, were astonished that the project should miscarry!

Last summer as the late William Hawke, the highwayman, was riding
along the Kentish road, he met a likely woman, with whom, after some
conversation, he retired to an adjacent corn field, where they had not
long been before they were disturbed by the appearance of the avaricious
farmer, who, in a great rage, insisted on 5s. damage for their beating
down his corn: Hawke, after some hesitation, put his hand in his
pocket, and taking out a guinea, desired the latter to give him change,
when the farmer eagerly seized the guinea, and at the same time pulled
a bag out of his pockets, in which was upwards of 20£. in gold and silver,
which Hawke no sooner perceived than he presented a pistol, and after
robbing him of the whole sum, mounted his horse, and rode off with his

Saturday night a man in Oldstreet Road undertook to eat a shoulder of
lamb of five pounds, and five cauliflowers, for a wager of two guineas,
besides bets to the amount of more than forty pounds. The glutton won
his wager.

A plan is now in agitation for the better establishment and protection
of the trade on the African and Guiney coasts; and we hear a greater
naval force is intended in future to be kept in that quarter for that pur-

We hear that one of the vacant blue ribbands, and the lieutenancy of
a neighbouring kingdom, have been separately offered to two noble dukes,
who are near relations, which were both peremptorily refused, the first
with a loud observation “that his honour was not low enough to be bound
by a garter.”

It is said that a noble lord, lately deceased, two hours before his death,
called up his second son, and made it his last request that he would re-
nounce gaming, concluding with these words: “Permit a dying, affecti-
onate father, Charles, to advise you in this; in every thing else you are
very capable of advising yourself.”

A great personage assisted by some of the most eminent chiefs of the
law, is now absolutely making a revision of the penal laws of this king-
dom, which are to be laid before parliament at their next meeting.

July 15. In our proceedings against the Americans we should consider
that arbitrary taxation is plunder, authorized by law, and the support
and essence of tyranny. To conceive what misery this right of taxation
is capable of producing in a provincial government, we need only recol-
lect, that our countrymen in India have, in the space of five or six years,
by virtue of this right, destroyed, starved, and driven away, more inha-
bitants from Bengal than are to be found at present in all our American
colonies. This is not exaggeration, but a plain, absolute matter of fact,
collected from the accounts sent over by governor Hastings.

It is lamented by every man capable of feeling for the honour of his
countrymen that a general emulation prevails among our young nobility
to violate morality, insult justice, oppress virtue, and degrade the cha-
racters of Britons.

On Sunday a dreadful fray began, and continued Monday and Tuesday,
between the English and Irish haymakers employed in the neighbourhood
of Hyde, Mill Hill, Hendon, and other places adjacent to the Edgward
road. The quarrel is said to have arisen from the circumstance of the
Irish working under the usual wages, and dangerously wounding an
English haymaker, which being resented by his countrymen, who assem-
bled in great numbers, unanimously drove the Irish every where before
them. Several on both sides have ben dangerously wounded, and a man,
woman, and child, are said to have lost their lives in the confusion.

BOSTON, August 29.

The spirit of the people was never known to be so great since the
first settlement of the colonies as at this time. People in the
country, for hundreds of miles, are prepared and determined to DIE or
be FREE!

A letter from Brookfield, dated August 24, says: “This day met in
this town 26 commissioned officers, in colonel Murray’s regiment, under
their hands respectively,

WITH GREAT SECRECY, this morning, half after 4, about 260
troops embarked on board 13 boats at the long wharf, and proceeded up
Mystic river to Temple’s farm, where they landed, and went to the
powderhouse in Cambridge, whence, they have taken 250 half barrels of
powder (the whole store there) which is to be brought to Boston, and
deposited in the magazine here. A grand manoeuvre this! It is said they
have also seized the powder belonging to the town of Charlestown.

A fire broke out at Salem yesterday morning, about 2 o’clock, which
consumed 4 or 5 shops, occupied by coopers, a blacksmith, &c. together
with a large warehouse, belonging to captain George Dodge, containing
a quantity of molasses, about 500 bushels of corn, &c. a great part of
which were destroyed. Three valuable distil houses, besides other large
buildings, were in imminent danger, but by the vigilance of the inha-
bitants, with a supply of water, they were happily preserved.

Yesterday arrived at Marblehead captain Perkins, from Baltimore, with
3000 bushels of Indian corn, 20 barrels of rye meal, and 21 barrels of
bread, sent by the inhabitants of that place for the benefit of the poor of
Boston, together with 1000 bushels of corn from Annapolis sent in the
same vessel, and for the same benevolent purpose.

We learn from Worcester, that on Saturday morning last there assem-
bled on the common, in the town, 1500 people, and made choice of 5
of their number as a committee, viz. Messieurs Joseph Gilbert, John
Goulding, Edward Rawson, Thomas Dennie, and Joshua Biglow, to
wait on the honourable Timothy Paine, esquire, lately appointed coun-
cellor by mandamus from his majesty, to demand of him satisfaction to
the people for having qualified himself for said office; and having waited
on Mr. Paine accordingly, he asked them what satisfaction they wanted:
They answered, a total resignation of his office, and desired him to write
it. Upon which he withdrew, and in a few minutes retuned to them
with what he had wrote, which was a total resignation of his office, and
a promise never to sit again as councellor, unless agreeable to charter;
he then asked if that was satisfactory? They replied that he must wait
upon the people, which he thought unreasonable, after he had complied
with their demand; but they said it was in vain; unless he made his
personal appearance, the people would not be satisfied; and after their
promising to protect him from insult, he waited on them to the body of
the people, where Mr. Dennie’s resignation was read, with which num-
bers were dissatisfied, requiring that Mr. Paine should read it himself,
and that with his hat off. He then told the committee that he had
complied with all they required, on their promising him protection, and
that he then called upon them for it; but they gave him to understand
the people would not be satisfied till he complied with their demand,
which he did, and was then conducted near to his own house by the
committee, and dismissed. The people then drew off, those of each
town forming a company, and marched for Rutland, the town in which
the honourable John Murray, esquire (another new councellor) resides.
Our informant could give us no farther information how they proceeded.

A correspondent says the province will never rest while one man, who
has accepted any office under the sanction of the new acts of parliament,
is possessed of any one post of power or profit in the country, and until
every one of them, by great penitance, obtain forgiveness, or leave Ame-
rica, and until all your addressers to Hutchenson have, by humbling
themselves regained the good-will of the country, and the city of Boston
in particular, or else are removed off the continent.

A PROPOSAL from different parts of the country. It is proposed
that an estimate should be formed by indifferent people of the value of all
the real estates in Boston, that so if the estates in it should be sunk in
their value by the port bill’s continuing to be enforced, or should other-
wise be ruined by the rage of our common enemies, the country might
be able to form a judgment of the retribution that should be made to the
sufferers.———This does honour to the public virtue of our country.

We hear from Dartmouth, that when brigadier Ruggles passed through
that town last week, he was waited upon at colonel Toby’s, where he
put up, by a number of people, who desired him forthwith to depart,
which he promised he would do; but before he departed, they left marks
of resentment upon his horse, whose mane and tail they cut off, and
painted him in a curious manner.

SALEM, August 26.

ON the 20th of this instant printed notifications were posted up in
this town, desiring the merchants, freeholders, and other inhabi-
tants, to meet at the townhouse chamber last Wednesday at 9 o’clock in
the morning, to appoint deputies to meet at Ipswich on the 6th of Sep-
tember next, with the deputies of the other towns in the county, to
consider of, and determine on, such measures as the late act of parlia-
ment, and our other grievances, render necessary and expedient. These

Column 2

notifications purported that it was the desire of the committee of corre-
spondence that the inhabitants should thus assemble. On Wednesday
morning, at 8 o’clock, the governor sent a request to the committee,
that they would meet him at 9 o’clock, telling them he had something
of importance to communicate to them. They waited upon him accord-
ingly, and were asked by him if they avowed those notifications: Being
answered, that it was known they were posted by order of the committee,
he then desired them to disperse the inhabitants, who being assembled
by them, they must abide all the consequences. It was answered, that
the habitants being met together, would do what they thought fit,
and that the committee could not oblige them to disperse. His excel-
lency declared it was an unlawful, seditious meeting. It was replied,
neither the committee nor the inhabitants supposed the meeting was con-
trary even to the act of parliament, much less to the laws of the pro-
vince. The governor returned, I am not going to conversation on the
matter; I came to execute the laws, not to dispute them, and I am
determined to execute them; if the people do not disperse, the sheriff
will go first; if he is disobeyed, and needs support, I will support him.
The governor had ordered troops to be in readiness; they prepared accord-
ingly, as if for battle, left their encampment, and marched to the en-
trance of the town, there halted and loaded, and then about 80 advanced
within an eighth of a mile from the town house; but before this move-
ment of the troops was known to the inhabitants, and while the com-
mittee were in conferrence with the governor, the whole business of the
meeting was transacted, being merely to chuse delegates for the county
meeting. After the meeting was over, news came that the troops were
on the march; but they were now ordered to return to the camp.
Yesterday Peter Frye, esquire (by express orders from the governor, as
he declared to the committee) issued a warrant for arresting the com-
mittee of correspondence, for unlawfully and seditiously causing the people
to assemble by that notification, without leave from the governor, in
open contempt of the laws, against the peace, and the statute in that
case made and provided. Two of the committee, who were first arrest-
ed, recognized, each in one hundred pounds, without sureties, to appear
at the next superior court at Salem, to answer to the above mentioned
charge. The rest of the committee, who were arrested some time after,
have refused to recognize.

NEW YORK, September 5.

EARLY on Monday morning last JOHN JAY, esquire (without the
inhabitants being apprized of his departure) set out from this city,
to attend the congress at Philadelphia; and on Thursday the 1st instant
the other four delegates took their departure for the like laudable purpose.

ISAAC LOW, esquire, being under the necessity of going by way of
Powles Hook, was escorted to the Ferry Stairs by a considerable number
of respectable inhabitants, with colours flying, music playing, and loud
huzzas at the end of each street. When they got down to the river, he,
in a very polite manner, took leave of the inhabitants, six of whom
accompanied him and his lady over, with music, playing God save the
The inhabitants then returned to the coffeehouse, in order to
testify the like respect to the other three gentlemen viz. JAMES
About half past nine the procession began, and was conducted in like
manner as above. When they arrived at the Royal Exchange (at which
place they embarked) James Duane, esquire, in a very affectionate and
moving manner, thanked the worthy inhabitants for the honour they
had conferred upon them, declaring for his own part, and he had it in
command from the whole of his brother delegates, to acquaint them that
nothing in their power should be wanting to relieve this once happy, but
now aggrieved country. When the gentlemen got under way, they were
saluted by several pieces of cannon, mounted on this joyous occasion,
which was answered by a greater number from St. George’s ferry; these
testimonials, and three huzzas, bid them go and proclaim to all nations,
that they, and the virtuous people they represent, dare defend their rights
PROTESTANT ENGLISHMEN! After the gentlemen had got a
little distance from town, a considerable number went to St. George’s
Ferry, to celebrate their departure, dating the salvation of the colonies
from that hour; well knowing in whom they have placed the greatest
that ever men were entrusted with. There were many loyal,
constitutional, and spirited toasts drank, sealed with frequent discharges
of cannon, and attended with this declaration, that each and every of
them solemnly avowed they would support at the risk of every thing sacred
and dear, such resolutions as our delegates, in conjunction with those worthy
gentlemen of the other colonies, should think necessary to adopt for the good of
the common cause.
The day was concluded with, God save the King.

September 8. We learn from Morris county, in New Jersey, that a
farmer in that neighbourhood lately voided a worm that measured 21
feet, and that it was supposed it had not all come away.

Extract of a letter from East Haddam, dated September 5.
”We have just now received intelligence, by the return of an express,
which was sent on purpose, who informs us that he met several compa-
nies returning, but he still proceeded as far as Lebanon, where he saw
and received certain intelligence from governor Trumbull’s sons, who
went from here, and marched as far as Pomfret, where they had the
pleasure to find that the alarm of an engagement having happened was
premature. We rejoice with you, and the rest of your brethren, on
this joyful occasion. HUMPHREY LYON, for self,
and the committee of correspondence.

To captain James Hazelton, and the rest of the inhabitants of the town of
Yesterday, by a gentleman just arrived from Boston, we received the
following intelligence in a printed hand bill.

The following is a copy of a LETTER said to be wrote by general
Brattle to the commander in chief, viz.
CAMBRIDGE, August 26, 1774.
”MR. Brattle presents his duty to his excellency governor Gage; he
apprehends it is his duty to acquaint his excellency from time to time of
every thing he hears and knows to be true and is of importance in these
troublesome times, which is the apology Mr. Brattle makes for troubling
the general with this letter. Captain Minot, of Concord, a very worthy
man, this minute informed Mr. Brattle that there had been repeatedly
made pressing applications to him to warn his company to meet at one
minute’s warning, equipped with arms and ammunition, according to
law; he had constantly denied them, adding, if he did not gratify them
he should be constrained to quit his farms and town. Mr. Brattle told
him he had better do that than lose his life and be hanged for a rebel.
He observed that many captains had done it, though not in the regiment
to which he belongs, which was and is under colonel Elisha Jones, but
in a neighbouring regiment.

Mr. Brattle begs leave humbly to quere, whether that it would not
be best that there should not be one commission officer of the militia in
the province.

This morning the select men of Medford came and received their town
stock of powder, which was in the arsenal on Quarry Hill, so that there
is now therein the king’s powder only, which shall remain there as a
sacred depositum till ordered out by the captain general.

To his excellency general Gage, &c. &c.

Extract of a letter from Boston, dated September 2.
”In consequence of the foregoing letter a party of 250 regulars set out
early yesterday morning to secure and bring away the powder alluded to,
which was effected without loss or damage. At the same time a party of
30 are said to have seized two field pieces belonging to the Cambridge re-
giment of militia. The report of this manoeuvre, exaggerated no doubt
in the country, brought this morning, on Cambridge common, at least
3000 people from different parts of the country, in order to learn the
truth of the matter. They were unarmed, and demanded the public
resignation of two counsellors, inhabitants of Cambridge, which was
complied with; and after chusing several persons to stop the great num-
bers coming in from the distant parts, said to be many thousands, and
being satisfied that the governor had seized only the king’s powder, they
peaceably dispersed. You cannot conceive what an uneasy day we have
had, from the different reports circulated in this town, some of which
were of the most alarming nature, and by credulous people easily swallow-
ed. But I can find nothing new, unless it be the strengthening the
guards at the entrance of the town. It is said the governor is deter-
mined not to risk any troops in the country till he is reinforced, being
apprehensive of their loss from the amazing number and fury of our
people, who are all provided with arms and ammunition, &c.”

We learn from the Boston papers that the gentlemen summoned to
serve on the grand and petty juries under the parliamentary establishment
have unanimously refused to be sworn, and that after many difficulties,
the court received, read, and returned to them, the papers which they
had brought and signed, containing the reasons of their refusal, grounded
on the impeachment of the chief justice by the assembly of this province,
and the act of parliament for the dissolution of their charter.

Extract of a letter from London, dated July 16.
”I received your’s, and it afforded me great satisfaction to hear that
you are so well determined in all the colonies; but a report prevails in
London that New York will not assist Boston, for they consider them as
a set of refractory rebels, &c. The lord mayor, high sheriff, and com-
mon council, have done all in their power to save themselves and you,
but their only hopes are now that you will save them by preserving your-

Column 3

selves. As the honour and safety of all America are at stake, I hope in
God that you may act with fidelity to each other, by which means you will
convince the world that you are worthy the privileges you enjoy. America
seems to be the only place where public honesty and public virtue are to be
found on earth; all other places are sunk into a state of abject destress
and bondage. The very thoughts of your congress alarm your enemies
more than every thing else. It is expected that they will remonstrate
against the Canada bill, &c. Captain B———— wrote a letter to his
friend in London that has alarmed them considerably. The king has seen
it; and it is intended to buy him off. They hope to silence every body
of any influence by such vile means; but I trust they will be disap-

PHILADELPHIA, September 12.

Extract of a letter from a very respectable character in London to a gentle-
man in this city, dated
July 5, 1774.
THE present state of political affairs furnishes nothing less disagree-
able than my last informed. The Quebec bill, we apprehend,
will produce the most distressing jealousies among the protestant inhabi-
tants of that country, and, indeed, of all America. With us the
staunchest friends to the Hanoverian succession have not scrupled publicly
to pronounce it the most daring stretch of the prerogative of the crown,
and the most sinful violation of the rights of a free people, that the an-
nals of Britain, or any other nation in the world, register! Enclosed
you have the address and petition of the lord mayor, aldermen, and com-
mons, of this city, to his majesty, which is considered one of the grandest
and most spirited addresses ever handed to a throne, insomuch that many
hundreds of them, elegantly framed and glazed have been purchased as
household pictures by the nobility, gentry, &c. to transmit to future ages
the virtuous sincerity, and honest boldness, of so respectable a body of
men. The coin of prophecies is now become current here, and we have
too much reason to fear that some presage, of dreadful import, will, ere
long be realized. Very much, all, indeed, depend on the hardihood
and public virtue of the Americans. If the brave Bostonians maintain
theirs, at this trying juncture, all will be well; for their conduct will
furnish a criterion whereby to regulate government here, in a judgment
of the success of the iniquitous measures they purpose adopting through-
out America. It is strongly imagined that many presses, I mean printing
presses, in the colonies, are at present fettered by golden chains, sent over
by the ministry for that purpose. One or two to the northward of you
have been publicly mentioned; but as a little time must discover the truth
or falsity of this suspicion, I shall forbear entering into particulars. The
public prints from your city, as well as those from Virginia, are in
admired request with all ranks of people, except the tools of despotism;
but should the ministry succeed in the enterprizes they have already under-
taken, with respect to the colonies, you will assuredly be robbed of that
darling privilege, the freedom of the press; for effecting which, a scheme,
I am well informed, is now agitating in cabinet, upon a new plan, lately
hatched by a certain lord, whose name is always opposite to the sun in
its meridian, and who has publicly declared that he is determined strenu-
ously to oppose the meridian of your glory in the western world.”

Extract of another letter from London.
”As to news, we are daily execting it from your side the water. The
measures pursued here make every friend of liberty tremble; for what
has been done with regard to the colonies is only a specimen of what pro-
bably will be enforced at home, and, indeed, there have been too many
similar instances. It is truly astonishing that the nobility and gentry of
England should concur in them as they have done. The setting aside
antient establishments and charters, which were held sacred, taxing and
levying subsidies, forcing money from the pockets of a people without
their consent, authorizing the civil or French laws and trials without
jury, judgment resting wholly in the capricious breast of the judge, the
creature of the tyrant, robing men of the personal rights by taking
away the habeus corpus, fitting their consciences by establishing a priestly
popish religion, giving the whole nomination, choices, rule, management,
and power, into the arbitrary, despotic hands, of the crown, could never
have been conceived, and ought never to have been established by Eng-
lishmen. See the influences of offices, places, and pensions! How totally
dependent on the crown are those who ought to be the guardians of the
peoples liberties! I cannot omit saying, that however violent and abusive
some may be against the Americans, you find there are others who think
differently. The Bostonians, and the whole colony of the Massachusetts
Bay, are cruelly used, deprived of their natural rights and liberties. The
revenue to be established is only a provision for myrmidons, placemen,
and pensioners, despotically disposed of among tools and dependents, as
here where continual steps advance, and encrease the power of the ministry,
and influence of the crown and prerogative. Witness what is done in
Iceland with their stamp act; our East India company also, which is now
wholly under the thumb of administration, their charter broke in upon;
witness the refusal of the reasonable request of the petitioning clergy,
and continuing the cruel, unjust penal laws, against the dissenters; West-
minster special jurors under undue influence in all crown causes; for every
independent man will endeavour to edge off, and get himself excused if
possible, to prevent being shut up with a majority of determined courtiers,
inflexible biassed on the crown side. Thus the edges of our liberty are
paring away, and the foundations sapping, and we are going the way of
other nations.

”The independent man, who is at ease, quietly enjoying the repose
his circumstances entitle him to, cannot but be apprehensive of danger,
when such measures are perpetrated; he cannot help fearing that the
lawless power of court and time serving parasites should overbear and
oppress him by inequitable and unjust laws and arbitrary mandates, whilst
the cruel hand of military force despoil and rob him both of his property
and his freedom; see the recent instances of Sweden, Poland, Dantzick,
&c. May a noble and generous courage inspire the friends of liberty,
in support of the natural rights of mankind, as well here as with you!”

Extract of a letter from New York, dated September 7.
”Captain Webster is just now arrived from Newport. With him came
passenger a gentleman from Boston, which place he left on Saturday last,
and declares that every thing was peaceable and quiet.”

FRIDAY, September 23.
THE northern post, who arrived this afternoon, has brought nothing
material more than what we before received by a private hand,
which we have given our readers pretty fully. Lord Chatham’s speech is
at last published, and, as we before suggested, he has proved himself still
that able and earnest advocate for the rights of America which he formerly
did, notwithstanding the paltry insinuations of a few, who would injure
the most perfect character under Heaven to answer a private end.

The Peter, captain Land, in seven weeks from Glasgow, in arrived in
James river.

To be SOLD, at the seat of the late Mrs. Tate, in Jockey’s Neck,, on
Thursday the 29th of September,
stock of CATTLE, HORSES, HOGS, and SHEEP. The
houshold furniture consists of valuable beds well furnished, neat chairs,
tables, and desks, with many other articles too tedious to mention.
There are among the cattle several yoke of work steers, and many extra-
ordinary milch cow. Also will be sold, at the same time, a CHARIOT.
Credit will be allowed till the 25th of April 1775, for all sums above
twenty shillings, on giving bond, with approved security; all debts that
are not discharged at the above mentioned time, to carry interest from the
date of the bonds. The sale will begin at 10 o’clock in the morning.

NORFOLK, September 13, 1774.
I DO hereby give notice that the partnership of Hargraves and Orange
is dissolved by mutual agreement, Mr. Hargraves having purchased
my part of the stock, and has taken the whole on himself. Those who
have any demands against the said concern are desired to apply to Mr.
Hargraves. (3) WILLIAM ORANGE.

RUN away from the subscriber, lying on Byrd Creek, in Goochland
county, on Saturday the 9th of July, SAMUEL GREGORY,
alias NAILING, an apprentice, about 18 years of age, swarthy com-
plexion, thin visage, grey eyes, a down, inoffensive look, shews his teeth
much when he laughs, his short sandy coloured hair, round shouldered,
and stoops in his walk; had on an oznabrig shirt and trowsers. I have
been credibly informed he sent to Loudoun county, or some of the coun-
ties adjacent. I expect he will employ himself in the carpenter’s busi-
ness, as he has been in that branch for 3 years past. Whoever brings
him to me shall have FIVE POUNDS.

RUN away from the subscriber, living in Nansemond county, near
Suffolk town, a negro woman named MILLA, who has been absent
ever since the year 1768; she has a scar upon the back part of each of
her hands, near her little fingers, and another on the top of one of her
feet, is about 4 feet 6 inches high, and about 20 years old. I am told
she has been in Norfolk; and I am also informed that at the house of Mr.
Thomas Husk, between Rappahannock and Potowmack rivers, there is a
wench that calls herself free Milla, who may probably be the same.
TEN POUNDS will be given to the person who will bring her to

Page 4
Column 1</h6

TAKEN up, in Southampton, a black horse, about 4 feet 4 inches
high, near 12 years old, branded on the near buttock in the form of
a heart, and has the scar of a fistula. Posted, and appraised to SIX

THERE is remaining in Byrd’s warehouse, Henrico county, a
hogshead of TOBACCO, marked M W G, No. I, weighing
912 gross, 107 tare, 805 neat. The owner’s name is not known. It
was inspected July 1, in the year 1771, and will be sold according to
law, if no owner claims it within the limited time.

ALL persons are hereby forewarned from HAWKING or FOWLING
upon Martin’s Swamp, in Chesterfield county; as also from FISH-

RUN away from the subscriber, about the 20th of April last, a mu-
latto fellow named PETER BROWN, a painter by trade, but can
do carpenter’s work; he is 35 or 40 years of age, of a dark complexion,
5 feet 8 or 9 inches high, slim made, has a thin visage, several of his
upper foreteeth are out, is fond of singing, which he can do very well,
and is a remarkable fine whistler. The said fellow has several suits of
cloaths, therefore I cannot describe his dress. He was some years past
tried for a robbery, but obtained the governor’s pardon, on suffering one
year’s imprisonment; after that he was sold to Mr. John Fox, of Glon-
cester, with whom he lived one or two years; he then run away, and
passed for a free man in the counties of King William, Caroline, and Ha-
where he was taken up and brought home. As he has a wife at
Mr. Benjamin Hubbard’s, it is likely he may be lurking in that neigh-
bourhood; and as he was raised in Petersburg, it is probable he may be
about there. Whoever will take up the said runaway, and deliver him
to me, at Osborne’s, shall receive FORTY SHILLINGS reward. All
persons are forbid harbouring or carrying him out of the colony.

STAYED from the subscriber, the 10th of May last, a dark bay mare,
about 4 feet 6 inches high, not branded, has a mealy nose, thick
mane, and long switch tail, strong made, has good courage, paces, trots,
and gallops. THIRTY SHILLINGS will be given to any person that
will deliver her to the subscriber, in King & Queen, or to Mr. David
junior, merchant in Louisa, where she was bred.

COMMITTED to Spotsylvania gaol a negro man, about 30 years of
age, named MOSES, says he is a free man, and that he served part
of his time with one John Arnold, in Hanover county, against whom he
commenced suit for his freedom, but before it was determined, he was
attached by Garland Anderson and Samuel Temple, of the same county,
and then made his elopement from them. Any person proving his pro-
perty, and paying charges, may have him, otherwise I shall proceed as
the law directs. JACOB WHITLER, gaoler.

TAKEN up, in Chesterfield, a bay mare, about 10 years old, 4 feet 5
inches high, a large star in her forehead, and has a white streak
leading towards her nose, two of her feet white, has some saddle spots,
and branded on the near buttock I C. Posted, and appraised to 8£.

TAKEN up, in Spotsylvania, a black steer, with two crops and an
underkeel in the right ear, and a hole in the left. Posted, and ap-
praised to 1 £. 15s. () MARY PENN.

WILLIAMSBURG, September 6, 1774.
I BEG leave to inform the public, and particularly those gentlemen
who were pleased to take my subscription papers to their respective
counties, to raise a small sum of money for the encouragement of making
SALT, that after viewing many places on this and the other side of the
bay, and on the sea coast of the Eastern Shore, I have now fixed on a
convenient spot, on that coast, for erecting proper works; and as nothing
more can be done on my part without money, I must beg the favour of
them to forward such sums, as they may be able to collect, to Robert
Carter Nicholas,
esquire, who is so kind as to take the trouble of receiving
and paying the money out to me. Proper security shall be lodged in his
hands for any sum that I may draw. The certainty of being able to make
salt as good as any whatever is hardly to be doubted, from the several
experiments which I have made, and which are pretty fully certified by
gentlemen of veracity, whose certificates will be lodged in the hands of
Mr. Nicholas. The gentlemen will readily see the necessity I am under
of requesting speedy assistance, when I inform them that I have for some
time past devoted my whole attention to this business, and given over
every pursuit from whence my family might have derived any advantage,
and that, in order to put the works in as great a forwardness as it was in
my power, I have incurred a considerable expence, and been obliged to
contract for some of the necessary materials.

WILLIAMSBURG, September 6, 1774.
MR. TAIT having produced to me a sample of salt made on the
Eastern Shore, together with a certificate of a gentleman of un-
questionable credit, I have no doubt, with proper encouragement, of his
succeeding in his proposed scheme, from which it seems highly probable
that this country will reap the greatest advantage: I shall, therefore,
most chearfully comply with his request, and take great pleasure in con-
tributing every thing in my power towards carrying it into execution.

WILLIAMSBURG, September 2, 1774.
THE subscriber, who is immediately going for England, desires all
persons indebted to him, by bond or otherwise, to pay what they
owe to Mr. Robert Prentis, of this city, who is properly empowered as
attorney for (3) GEORGE PITT.

TAKEN up, near Occoquon, in Fairfax, a bay mare colt, about 3 or
4 years old, about 13 hands high, trots and paces, and has neither
mark or brand. Posted, and appraised to 8 £. 10 s.

THE subscriber has now for sale, at the falls called Ellison’s, or at
Warwick, on James river, a large quantity of PIT COAL, very
fine either for grates or smiths work, and shall be glad to supply any per-
son, at either place, at the usual prices, which are 10d. per bushel at
Warwick, and 6d. at the pits, ready cash; however, a few months cre-
dit will make but little difference, provided good merchants notes are
given, punctually to be settled at the time agreed on. Those gentlemen
from below, who may favour me with their orders, are desired to lodge
them with Mr. Daniel Weisiger, who lives at the spot, and, as formerly,
will be punctual in complying with them.
3 FRANCIS SMITH, junior.

WARWICK, September 1, 1774.
THE store here, of late kept by me on account of Messieurs Dreg-
born, Murdock,
and company, of Glasgow, is now in the charge
of my brother David Leitch,and the said company’s store in Prince Ed-
county, hitherto managed by Mr. Henry Benskin Lightfoot, is under
the direction of Mr. John Graham.</em,> The business of the stores will, on
the same account, be prosecuted so far to their usual extent as the situ-
ation of public affairs will admit. The debts due to this store I continue
to collect, and those contracted with Mr. Lightfoot will remain with
him for the some purpose. It will be deemed obliging in those whose
accounts are open, and inconvenient to discharge, immediately to close
them by bond, or such specialty as may be approved of.

MAKES and sells all sorts of COPPER WORK, viz. stills,
brewing coppers, sugar boilers, fullers and hatters coppers, brass
mill work, capuchin plate warmers, tea kitchins, all sorts of ship, fish,
and wash kettles, stew pans, Dutch ovens, tea kettles, sauce pans, coffee
and chocolate pots, &c. at the most reasonable rates. He gives the best
prices for old copper, brass, pewter, or lead.
*** Those who are so obliging as to favour m e with their employ in
the mending or tinning old work, may depend on having them soon
done, and in the neatest and compleatest manner.

To be SOLD, to the highest bidder, on Thursday the 29th of September,
if fair, otherwise the next fair day, on the premises,
A VALUABLE TRACT of LAND in the lower end of Bgunswick
county at Taylor’s bridge, containing by estimation 8 or 900 acres,
but which shall be surveyed before the day of sale, and the exact quantity
ascertained. There are 4 or 500 acres of this tract fine rich low grounds
on Meherrin river, and exceedingly well adapted for Indian corn, wheat,
or tobacco, as also for raising of hogs, there having been considerable
quantities of pork sold from this plantation for several years past. It
has plenty of timber upon it, with land enough cleared to work 10 or
12 hands, and is convenient to church and mill. One half the purchase
money to be paid next April, and a reasonable credit will be allowed for
the remainder, on giving bond, and approved security, to
***The greatest part of the stock, utensils, &c. belonging to the
said plantation, will be sold at the same time and place.

Column 2;

A TRACT of LAND, containing upwards of 3000 acres, in the
county of Richmond, upon Rappahannock river, opposite to the seat
of Robert Beverley, esquire, extending more than 2 miles upon the river;
the land is extremely well timbered, a great part of it lies well, and is
equal to any in that part of the country. There are also, beside the
quantity of dry land above mentioned, between 4 and 500 acres of valua-
ble marsh, which may easily be reclaimed; a large water course running
through the greatest part of the tract affords a considerable quantity of
rich, valuable meadow land, and a good mill seat. There are also several
delightful situations for a gentleman’s seat, commanding extensive pros-
pects up and down the river, where the greatest plenty of fish and fowl
are to be had. A part of the tract is in possession of several tenants at
will, some of whom pay from 20£ to 25£. annual rent for 100 acres. It
will be sold (and may be entered upon next Christmas) either together,
or in parcels, by private bargain, at any time before the 10th of October,
and if not disposed of before that time (of which notice shall be published
in this gazette) it will then be offered for public sale, upon the premises,
on the 3d Monday in November. Twelve of 15 months credit will be
allowed, upon giving bond, with good security; to bear interest from the
25th of December. if the purchase money is not paid agreeable to the
contract. The terms will be made known to those who incline to pur-
chase privately, and the lands shewn, if required, and an undoubted title
made, by the subscriber, living in Westmoreland county.
10|| c 10 oct. WILLIAM BERNARD.

FREDERICKSBURG, August 9, 1774.
A PERSON of the name of William Foster Crosby having procurred a
recommendation to me, I lent him, the 19th of last month, my
SINGLE CHAIR and a MARE to visit captain John Lee, on Rappa-
to whom he said he was recommended, to return in four days
at the most; but not hearing of him since, except that he had mistaken
his way, and got to Richmond, on James river, and colonel William
’s, in Cumberland county, I am obliged to take this method of
recommending him to honest men, as a profound knave. Such a
flagrant act of injustice, accompanied with such ingratitude to me, will
no doubt engage every gentleman to endeavour to strip him of the price
of his villainy: But I will gladly pay FORTY SHILLINGS to have my
mare and chair detained till I can send for them, or FIVE POUNDS to
be delivered here. As the knave is young, I had rather he should turn
from his wickedness and live!

He is about twenty, of slim and genteel make, and fair complexion,
rather pale and foul skin, black hair, very long, and clubbed like
a macaroni! He is exceeding vain, boasts much of his learning, particu-
larly of geography, and professes teaching the classics, music, dancing,
and fencing; he grins much when he laughs, which he often does at his
own wit. His dress was shabby; I believe, one only coat, formerly a
pale blue, or sea green, the cuffs of which have been lately let down,
and the original colour makes a remarkable ring round his arm. He
passed on my friend, as from New England,and said he intended to visit
Virginia, in his way to Charlestown, South Carolina, in ooder from New
to see the country; expecting here some supplies he had ordered
from New England.

I cannot recollect whether the mare has any brand or flesh marks; she
is about 14 hands and a half high, half blooded, well made, rather round,
a chesnut bay, with a full long bob tail, and hog mane, very small feet,
and shod before, trots very nimbly, and remarkably low. The carriage
of the chair is new, the springs and axletree are iron, the body is
painted green, with the initials of my name on the back, in a double
cypher, in blue letters, in a gilt ground; it has been new lined, and has
now a carpet bottom; but I suspect he will quit the chair for a saddle.

He borrowed a SILVER WATCH, quite new, made by Thomas
of Fredericksburg, who will, I presume, give something to re.
cover it. tf JAMES MERCER.

COMMITTED to the gaol of Charles City, on the 29th of August, a
likely fellow, about 5 feet 10 or 11 inches high, denies he has any
master, and has passed for several years as a free man, under the name of
Doctor Dick. The owner, if any, is desired to take him away, and pay
charges. 3 STITH GREGORY.

NEW YORK, July 27, 1774.
WHEREAS on the 19th of June last past a certain JOSEPH
THORP was entrusted with a considerable sum in half jo-
hannes, of nine penny weight, to be delivered by him at Quebec, and as
he has not yet made his appearance there, with other suspicious circum-
stances, it is apprehended he is gone off with the money. He is a native
of England, and about 6 feet high, swarthy complexion, very dark, keen
eyes, and pitted with the smallpox, of a slender make, stoops as he walks,
talks rather slow, and has some small impediment in his speech. He
lived some time in Boston, from whence he removed to Quebec, assuming
the character of a merchant in both places; he was also once in trade
in Newcastle, Virginia, and has a brother settled there. It is believed
he went on board captain John F. Pruym, for Albany, and took with
him a blue casmir, and a dark brown cloth suit of clothes. Whoever se-
cures the said Joseph Thorp in any of his majesty’s gaols on this continent
shall be entitled to ten per cent. on the sum recovered, and the above
reward of 50£. when convicted. Apply to Cuson and Seton of New York,
Joseph Wharton, junior, of Philadelphia, Robert Christie of Baltimore,
James Gibson
and company of Virginia, John Bondfield of Quebec, Me-
latiah Bourne,
or John Rowe, of Boston. It is requested of those who
may have seen this Joseph Thorp since the 19th of June last past, or
know any thing of the rout he has taken, that they convey the most
early intelligence thereof to any of the above persons, or Greenwood, Rit
and Marsh, in Norfolk, or to Mr. Robert Pleasants and company, at
Four Mile creek, Henrico county; the favour will be gratefully acknow-
ledged. All masters of vessels are forewarned from taking him off the

NINE hundred and forty acres of valuable land, lying
on both sides of Contrary River, in Louisa, with
three plantations thereon, two of which has sufficient
houses for overseers and negroes; the other is improved
with all necessary buildings, and orchards of all kinds,
fit for the reception of a gentleman, the houses being
finished in the best manner. This tract is well timbered
and watered, lies within 32 miles of Fredericksburg, and
43 of Page’s warehouse; there are at least 400 acres of
low grounds, of the best soil, 300 of which are now to
cut. The three plantations are under good fences, and
in good order to work 12 or 15 hands. Robert Flem-
ing, John Massey, and John Lain, are now in possession
of the plantations, who will shew the land to any person
inclinable to purchase, and Major Thomas Johnson will
agree with them for the price. The above tract is esteem-
ed the most valuable in Louisa for growing corn, wheat,
or tobacco, and situated in the best range for stock of any
below the great mountains. ( tf I * )

ABOUT twelve thousand acres of exceeding rich
TOBACCO LAND, in Amherst county, whereon
are several plantations and improvements sufficient to
work forty or fifty hands. There is on this land for sale
a very valuable GRIST MILL, lately bult, with a
stone dam and a pair of good COLOGNE MILL-
STONES, which mill has for two years past got up-
wards of 100 barrels of toll corn, and is situated on a
never failing stream. The land will be shewn by William
Womack, who lives at one of the plantations, and the
prices of the land made known by him. One or two
years credit will be allowed, interest being paid for the
second year, and also for the first, if the money is not
paid agreeable to contract. The land is to be laid off
and surveyed by Colonel William Cabell, at the expence
of the purchaser. Deeds will be made, upon bond and
approved security being given, either to Call, William
Cabell, or the subscriber. Six per cent. discount will be
allowed for ready money, or good merchants notes. If
any person would chuse to exchange lands in the lower
part of the country, on or near some navigable river,
that are good, it is more than probably we should agree.

Column 3

FIVE hundred acres of land, lying on Deep Creek, in
Louisa, about 45 miles of Richmond town, and is
exceeding good land, well watered by Deep Creek, and
a large branch thereof, which runs through the middle
of the land, and affords a large quantity of rich meadow
ground. Any person inclinable to purchase may see the
land, and know the terms, by applying to the subscriber,
living near it. tf I * GEORGE MERIWETHER.

To be SOLD, at public auction, at Westmoreland court-
house, on Tuesday the 27th day of September, being
Westmoreland court day,
TWENTY very likely VIRGINIA born SLAVES.
Credit will be allowed until the 10th of November
following, on giving bond and good security. The
bonds to bear interest from the date, if not punctually

THE beautiful seat of the honourable George William
Fairfax, esquire, lying upon Potowmack river, in
Fairfax county, about 14 miles below Alexandria. The
mansion house is of brick, two story high, with four con-
venient rooms and a large passage upon the lower floor,
five rooms and a passage on the second, and a servants
hall and cellars below; convenient offices, stables, and
coach house, adjoining, as also a large and well furnish-
ed garden, stored with great variety of valuable fruits, in
good order. Appertaining to the tract on which these
improvements are, and which contains near 2000 acres
(surrounded, in a manner, by navigable water) are se—
veral valuable fisheries, and a good deal of cleared land
in different parts, which may be let altogether, or sepa-
rately, as shall be found most convenient. The terms
may be known of Colonel Washington, who lives near
the premises, or of me, in Berkeley county,
tf FRACIS WILLIS, junior.

NORFOLK, April 21, 1774.
NOTICE is hereby given, that a number of vessels
will be wanted this summer to bring about 6000
tons of stone from Mr. Brooke’s quarry, on Rappahan-
nock, and land the same on Cape Henry, for the light-
house. Any person inclinable to engage in such work
are desired to treat with Matthew Phripp, Paul Layall,
and Thomas Newton, junior, esquires. The directors
of the lighthouse will also be glad to purchase one or
two flat bottomed vessels from 80 to 120 tons burthen.

A PLANTATION in good order for cropping, none
of the land having been cleared above six years,
with all necessary houses, quite new, together with 1500
acres of exceeding rich land, the soil of which is so good
that it will bring large tobacco for five or six years with-
out dung. I have made on this plantation above three
thousand pounds of tobacco per share. The place is very
healthy, and has a fine range for stock. This land lies
in the lower end of Buckingham county, near to Appo-
mattox river, on each side of Great Ducker’s and Mayo
creeks. Tobacco has been carried above this land near
to Petersburg by water, and last month, in the dry wea-
ther, two canoe loads of wheat were carried near to
Petersburg, and the canoes brought back; they were
loaded but a little below this land. I make no doubt
but Appomattox river will be soon cleared, and then the
expence of sending wheat, tobacco, &c. will be trifling.
Any person inclinable to purchase will see, by the produce
of the land, that it is exceeding rich. I really do not
know any better high land in the colony. This tract of
land is well timbered, and has excellent water on it. I
do not know a better place for a merchant mill than is on
Ducker’s creek. People are going much on raising wheat
in these parts, and a good mill would be very advantage-
ous to the owner. Also another tract of land of 826
acres, in Albemarle county, I believe about ten miles
from the courthouse, joining Mr. James Harris and the
quarters of Mr. John Winston. On this land is a small
plantation, a good apple orchard, &c. The land is
good, and my price so low, that I am convinced any
person who viewed either of the above tracts of land
would not hesitate to give the price I shall ask. Neither
of these tracts are under any incumbrance whatsoever.
A reasonable time of payment will be allowed.

<p>For SALE,
A TRACT of land, on Charles river, York county,
containing about 600 acres, part of which is marsh,
that may be drained with very little expence. The situ-
ation of this place is very convenient for a family, as it
lies upon a river that abounds with oysters and fine fish,
particularly sheepsheads; it is within 200 yards of a mill,
and 2 miles of the church. My reason for selling it is,
my having bought a tract of land more convenient to me.
Whoever inclines to purchase may know the terms by
applying to the subscriber, in York town.

WANTED for the lighthouse directors eight second-
hand ANCHORS, nearly a thousand weight
each. Any person having such for sale are desired to
make their terms known to the subscriber in Norfolk.

YORK town, June 9, 1773.
THE subscribers being very solicitous to comply with
the will of their testator, the late Honourable
William Nelson, desire that all persons who were indebted
to him will endeavour to make as speedy payments as
possible. Those who have accounts open on his books,
and who cannot immediately discharge the balances,
are desired to give their bonds. This request is the
more necessary, as most of the legacies bequeathed by
the testator are to be paid in sterling money, and he has
directed that his younger sons fortunes shall be placed
out at interest upon undoubted securities, so soon as it
can be done. Those who have any demands are desired
to make them immediately known.


Original Format

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Rind, Clementina, -1774, printer, “The Virginia Gazette. Number 437, Thursday September 22, 1774,” Special Collections, John D. Rockefeller Jr. Library, Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, accessed July 18, 2024,