George Weedon commission, 1776 February 13.

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George Weedon commission, 1776 February 13.

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Description

Military commission signed by John Hancock appointing George Weedon Lieutenant Colonel in the 3rd Virginia Regiment. George Weedon (1734-1793) was a businessman, landholder and tavern keeper of Fredericksburg, Virginia. He served in George Washington’s Virginia Regiment during the French and Indian War. By the end of the war, Weedon had risen to the rank of Captain Lieutenant and had eight years of military experience under his belt. Following the war, Weedon ran his mother-in-law’s tavern and sold meat in partnership with Washington’s brother Charles. While not taking a leading political role in the controversy with Great Britain, Weedon was active in the patriot cause. In December, 1774, he was made a captain in the Spotsylvania Independent Company under Colonels Hugh Mercer and Alexander Spotswood. With the outbreak of war in 1775, Weedon put his tavern up for lease in anticipation of active service. The Virginia Convention which met in Richmond in July, 1775 created two regiments under Patrick Henry and William Woodford but decided against a third which was to be commanded by Hugh Mercer with Weedon as his second in command. The Virginia Convention of December, 1775 added several more regiments including the Third which was designated for Continental service. George Weedon was in Williamsburg, Virginia when he received this commission on March 5th, 1776. With Mercer’s promotion to brigadier general, Congress promoted Weedon to colonel. Weedon was involved in the Virginia campaign against Governor Dunmore including the action at Gwynn’s Island. Following Dunmore’s exit from Virginia, Weedon went north to serve in the Continental Army under Washington. In February, 1777, Congress elected Weedon to the rank of brigadier general. While in Fredericksburg on furlough from the American encampment at Valley Forge, Weedon learned that a board of officers had decided to reinstate William Woodford’s seniority over Weedon. Though both brigadier generals, Weedon originally was granted seniority over Woodford because the latter had resigned his colonelcy for a time. With this reversal in seniority, Weedon sought his release from active service. Weedon remained on the sidelines until British forces under Arnold and Phillips brought the threat of invasion home to Virginia in 1780. He was active in raising, equipping and leading militia against British forces. At the siege of Yorktown, Weedon commanded American forces at Gloucester Point opposite the main British force under Cornwallis.

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Provenance

The commission was formerly part of the Allyn K. Ford Collection of the Minnesota Historical Society.

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Text

IN CONGRESS.
The DELEGATES of the UNITED COLONIES of New-Hampshire, Massachusetts Bay, Rhode-Island, Con-
necticut, New-York, New-Jersey, Pennsylvania, the Counties of New-Castle, Kent, and Sussex on
Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North-Carolina, South-Carolina, and Georgia, to
George Weedon Esquire


WE reposing especial Trust and Confidence in your Patriotism, Valour, Conduct and Fidelity,
DO by these Presents, constitute and appoint you to be Lieutenant Colonell
of the Third Battalion of Virginia Forces


Number Three


in the Army of the United Colonies raised for the defence of American Liberty, and for repelling every
hostile Invasion thereof. You are therefore carefully and diligently to discharge the Duty of Lieutenant
Colonell, by doing and performing all Manner of Things thereunto belonging. And we do strictly
charge and require all Officers and Soldiers under your Command, to be obedient to your Orders as
Lieutenant Colonell, And you are to observe and follow such Orders and Directions from
Time to Time, as you shall receive from this or a future Congress of the United Colonies, or Committee
of Congress, for that Purpose appointed, or Commander in Chief for the Time being of the Army of
the United Colonies, or any other your superior Officer, according to the Rules and Discipline of War,
in Pursuance of the Trust reposed in you. This Commission to continue in Force until revoked by this
or a future Congress. Philadelphia February 13th: 1776.


By Order of the Congress
John Hancock PRESIDENT.
Attest. Cha Thomson Secy

Original Format

Ink on paper.

Citation

United States. Continental Congress, “George Weedon commission, 1776 February 13.,” Special Collections, John D. Rockefeller Jr. Library, Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, accessed January 30, 2023, https://cwfjdrlsc.omeka.net/items/show/77.

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